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Multiple-languages Language Multiple-languages Vocabulary: «Numerals»

From Polyglot Club WIKI

< Language‎ | Multiple-languages‎ | Vocabulary
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Numeral.png

This page is in progress. It will compare the numeral in different languages.

Databases of numerals:

https://mpi-lingweb.shh.mpg.de/numeral/

https://omniglot.com/language/numbers/index.htm

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category:Numerals_by_language

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_numbers_in_various_languages

Reading and Writing rules[edit | edit source]

0-10 irregular, 11- regular 0-12 irregular,

13-19 irregular, 20- regular

0-12 irregular,

13-19 irregular, 20-29 regular, 30- regular

read the digits from high to low read the digits from high to low, except reading units digit before tens digit “multiples of ten” is indicated by suffix “multiples of ten” is indicated by word “multiples of hundred” is indicated by suffix “multiples of hundred” is indicated by word “multiples of thousand” is indicated by suffix “multiples of thousand” is indicated by word tens digit and units digit are integrated tens digit and units digit are connected by hyphen tens digit and units digit are separated hundreds digit and tens digit are integrated hundreds digit and tens digit are connected by hyphen hundreds digit and tens digit are separated thousands digit and hundreds digit are integrated thousands digit and hundreds digit are connected by hyphen thousands digit and hundreds digit are separated digits are all separated “and” between tens digit and units digit “and” between tens digit and units digit starting from 30 “and” between hundreds digit and tens digit “and” between thousands digit and hundreds digit “zero” when zero is between two non-zero digits “one” omitted when one is the tens digit “one” not omitted when one is the tens digit “one” not omitted when one is the tens digit and no higher digits “one” omitted when one is the hundreds digit “one” not omitted when one is the hundreds digit “one” omitted when one is the thousands digit “one” not omitted when one is the thousands digit
Afrikaans - + - - + + - + - + - - + - + - - - + -
Chinese + - - + - + - + - + - + - - + - - + - - - - - - - + + - + - + - +
Dutch - + - - + + - + - + - + - + - + - - + - - - - + -
English - + - + - + - - + - + + + prefered - - - + - - + + - - + UK;

- US

- - + - - - + - +
Esperanto + - - + - + - + - + - + - - + - - + - - + prefered - - - - - + - - + - + -
German - + - - + + - + - + - + - - + - - + - - - + - - - - + - - + + + +
Japanese + - - + - + - + - + - + - - + - - + - - - - - - - - + - + - - - -
Spanish - - + + - + - + - - + - - - - - - + - + - - - + - - + +

Numeral Systems (one character digits)[edit | edit source]

Burmese
Chinese
Devanagari

15px-Devanagari_Numeral_1_var_1.png

10px-Devanagari_Numeral_1_var_2.png

16px-Devanagari_Numeral_5_var_1.png

26px-Devanagari_Numeral_5_var_2.png

15px-Devanagari_Numeral_8_var_1.png

26px-Devanagari_Numeral_8_var_2.png

25px-Devanagari_Numeral_9_var_1.png

15px-Devanagari_Numeral_9_var_2.png

Eastern Arabic ٠ ١ ٢ ٣ ٤ ٥ ٦ ٧ ٨ ٩
Eastern Nagari
Gujarati
Gurmukhi
Javanese
Kannada
Khmer
Lao
Malayalam
Mongolian
Odia
Perso-Arabic ۰ ۱ ۲ ۳ ۴ ۵ ۶ ۷ ۸ ۹
Sinhala 𑇡 𑇢 𑇣 𑇤 𑇥 𑇦 𑇧 𑇨 𑇩
Suzhou
Tamil
Telugu
Tibetan
Thai
Urdu 7px-Urdu_numeral_zero.svg.png 2px-Urdu_numeral_one.svg.png 8px-Urdu_numeral_two.svg.png 13px-Urdu_numeral_three.svg.png 11px-Urdu_numeral_four.svg.png 10px-Urdu_numeral_five.svg.png 8px-Urdu_numeral_six.svg.png 11px-Urdu_numeral_seven.svg.png 10px-Urdu_numeral_eight.svg.png 6px-Urdu_numeral_nine.svg.png
Western Arabic 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Psst: Devanagari has some variants for some digits, but there is only one character assigned in Unicode. How it is displayed is determined by your browser's font. Other fonts can be found at https://www.fontspace.com/unicode/script/devanagari. For the same reason, Urdu variants can be displayed with proper fonts.

Decimal Separators[edit | edit source]

punctuation . · , ٫
country or region Australia

Anguilla

Antigua and Barbuda

Bangladesh

Barbados

Belize

Benin

Bermuda

British Virgin Islands

Botswana

Brunei

Cambodia

Canada (English)

Cayman Islands

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Dominica

Dominican Republic

Egypt

El Salvador

Ethiopia

Grenada

Ghana

Guatemala

Guyana

Honduras

Hong Kong

India

Ireland

Israel

Jamaica

Japan

Kenya

Lebanon

Libya

Liberia

Liechtenstein

Luxembourg

Macau (Chinese)

Malaysia

Maldives

Malta

Malawi

Mexico

Montserrat

Myanmar

Namibia

Nepal

New Zealand

Nicaragua

Nigeria

Pakistan

Palestine

Panama

People's Republic of China

Philippines

Puerto Rico

Republic of China

Republic of Korea

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Lucia

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Singapore

South Africa

Sri Lanka

Sudan

Switzerland

Tanzania

Thailand

The Bahamas

Togo

Trinidad and Tobago

Turks and Caicos Islands

Uganda

United Kingom

United States

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Ireland

Malaysia

Philippines

Republic of China

Singapore

Albania

Algeria

Andorra

Angola

Argentina

Armenia

Austria

Azerbaijan

Belarus

Belgium

Bolivia

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Brazil

Bulgaria

Burkina Faso

Burundi

Cameroon

Canada (French)

Chile

Colombia

Costa Rica

Croatia

Cuba

Cyprus

Czechia

Democratic Republic of Congo

Denmark

Ecuador

Equatorial Guinea

Estonia

Faroes Islands

Finland

France

French Guiana

Gabon

Germany

Georgia

Greece

Greenland

Hungary

Iceland

Indonesia

Italy

Kazakhstan

Kosovo

Kyrgyzstan

Latvia

Lebanon

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Macau (Portuguese)

Macedonia

Madagascar

Mali

Moldova

Mongolia

Morocco

Mozambique

Namibia

Netherlands

Niger

Norway

Paraguay

Peru

Poland

Portugal

Republic of Congo

Romania

Russia

Rwanda

San Marino

Senegal

Serbia

Sierra leone

Slovakia

Slovenia

South Africa

Spain

Sweden

Switzerland

Timor Leste

Tunisia

Turkey

Turkmenistan

Ukraine

Uruguay

Uzbekistan

Vatican City

Venezuela

Vietnam

Afghanistan

Bahrain

Egypt

Iran

Iraq

Kuwait

Oman

Qatar

Saudi Arabia

Sudan

Syria

United Arab Emirates

punctuation . , ٫
constructed language Esperanto

Ido

Interlingua

Volapük

Digit Grouping Symbols[edit | edit source]

punctuation , . ' (space)
country or region Bangladesh

Canada (English)

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Hong Kong

India

Ireland

Israel

Japan

Malaysia

Malta

Mexico

New Zealand

Pakistan

People's Republic of China

Philippines

Republic of China

Singapore

Thailand

United Kingdom

United States

Argentina

Austria

Belgium (Dutch)

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Brazil

Chile

Colombia

Costa Rica

Croatia

Denmark

Germany

Greece

Indonesia

Ireland

Italy

Malaysia

Netherlands

Philippines

Republic of China

Romania

Singapore

Slovenia

Spain

Turkey

Vietnam

Liechtenstein

Switzerland

Albania

Australia

Belgium (French)

Bulgaria

Canada (English)

Canada (French)

Czechia

Estonia

Finland

France

Hungary

Italy

Kosovo

Latvia

Lithuania

Norway

People's Republic of China

Peru

Poland

Portugal

Russia

San Marino

Slovakia

South Africa

Sri Lanka

Sweden

Switzerland

Ukraine

Vietnam

Tally Marks[edit | edit source]

region tally marks
Most of Europe, North America, Australia, New Zealand, Zimbabwe 320px-Tally_marks.svg.png
France, Spain, Latin America, Francophone African countries 320px-Tally_marks_2.svg.png
China, Japan, Korea 320px-Tally_marks_3.svg.png

Examples of written numbers[edit | edit source]

Note: this is for the construction of “Reading and Writing rules”, i.e. deducing the rules.

number English Esperanto Chinese (Mandarin; )
0 zero nul 零 (líng)
1 one unu 一 (yī)
2 two du 二 (èr)
3 three tri 三 (sān)
4 four kvar 四 (sì)
5 five kvin 五 (wǔ)
6 six ses 六 (liù)
7 seven sep 七 (qī)
8 eight ok 八 (bā)
9 nine naŭ 九 (jiǔ)
10 ten dek 十 (shí)
11 eleven dek unu 十一 (shíyī)
12 twelve dek du 十二 (shí'èr)
13 thirteen dek tri 十三 (shísān)
14 fourteen dek kvar 十四 (shísì)
15 fifteen dek kvin 十五 (shíwǔ)
16 sixteen dek ses 十六 (shíliù)
17 seventeen dek sep 十七 (shíqī)
18 eighteen dek ok 十八 (shíbā)
19 nineteen dek naŭ 十九 (shíjiǔ)
20 twenty dudek 二十 (èrshí)
21 twenty-one dudek unu 二十一 (èrshíyī)
22 twenty-two dudek du 二十二 (èrshí'èr)
23 twenty-three dudek tri 二十三 (èrshísān)
24 twenty-four dudek kvar 二十四 (èrshísì)
25 twenty-five dudek kvin 二十五 (èrshíwǔ)
26 twenty-six dudek ses 二十六 (èrshíliù)
27 twenty-seven dudek sep 二十七 (èrshíqī)
28 twenty-eight dudek ok 二十八 (èrshíbā)
29 twenty-nine dudek naŭ 二十九 (èrshíjiǔ)
30 thirty tridek 三十 (sānshí)
40 forty kvardek 四十 (sìshí)
50 fifty kvindek 五十 (wǔshí)
60 sixty sesdek 六十 (liùshí)
70 seventy sepdek 七十 (qīshí)
80 eighty okdek 八十 (bāshí)
90 ninety naŭdek 九十 (jiǔshí)
100 one hundred cent 一百 (yìbǎi)
101 one hundred and one

one hundred one

cent unu 一百零一 (yìbǎilíngyī)
110 one hundred and ten

one hundred ten

cent dek 一百一十 (yìbǎiyīshí)
111 one hundred and eleven

one hundred eleven

cent dek unu 一百一十一 (yìbǎiyīshíyī)
1000 one thousand mil 一千 (yìqiān)
1001 one thousand and one

one thousand one

mil kaj unu 一千零一 (yìqiānlíngyī)
1010 one thousand and ten

one thousand ten

mil kaj dek 一千零一十 (yìqiānlíngyīshí)
1011 one thousand and eleven

one thousand eleven

mil kaj dek unu 一千零一十一 (yìqiānlíngyīshíyī)
1100 one thousand and one hundred

one thousand one hundred

mil kaj cent 一千一百 (yìqiānyìbǎi)
1101 mil kaj cent unu 一千一百零一 (yìqiānyìbǎilíngyī)
1110 mil kaj cent dek 一千一百一十 (yìqiānyìbǎiyīshí)
1111 mil kaj cent dek unu 一千一百一十一 (yìqiānyìbǎiyīshíyī)
10000 ten thousand dek mil 一萬/一万 (yíwàn)
12345 一萬二千三百四十五/一万二千三百四十五 (yíwàn'èrqiānsānbǎisìshíwǔ)

一萬兩千三百四十五/一万兩千三百四十五 (yíwànliǎngqiānsānbǎisìshíwǔ)

Reference[edit | edit source]

https://www.wikipedia.org/

More[edit | edit source]

https://mentalfloss.com/article/31879/12-mind-blowing-number-systems-other-languages

Contributors

GrimPixel and Shoir

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