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Multiple-languages Language Multiple-languages Grammar: Punctuation of many languages

From Polyglot Club WIKI

< Language‎ | Multiple-languages‎ | Grammar
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Punctuation-in-many-languages2.jpg

Symbol[edit | edit source]

The most common[edit | edit source]

Note: the followings are scripts instead of languages.

script comma full stop / period question mark exclamation mark parentheses colon semicolon
  • Arabic
،

common

Sindhi

.

common

۔

Urdu

؟ ! (…) : ؛
  • Armenian
, ։ ՞ ՜ (…) ;
  • Bamum
! (…)
  • Bengali
  • Telugu
  • Tamil
  • Gujarati
  • Gurmukhi
  • Malayalam
  • Kannada
  • Oriya
,

common

.

alternative

? ! (…) : ;
  • Cyrillic
  • Georgian
  • Hebrew
, . ? ! (…) : ;
  • Devanagari
,

common

.

Marathi

? ! (…) : ;
  • Greek
, . ; ! (…) :
  • Ge'ez
! (…)
  • Han
(…)
  • Japanese

vertical; horizontal Jichishō standard

horizontal Monbushō standard

(…)
  • Korean
,

horizontal

vertical

. ? ! (…) : ;
  • Latin
, . ?

common

¿…?

Spanish, Catalan

!

common

¡…!

Spanish, Catalan

(…) : ;
  • Sinhala
, .

new

old

? ! (…) : ;
  • Thai
(none) (space) ? ! (…) : ;
  • Vai
,

new

old

.

new

old

꘎꘎ (…) : ;

Note:

  • Punctuation in Han and Japanese are full-width
  • Some symbols look the same, but they have different Unicode codes.

Quotation marks[edit | edit source]

language primary secondary spacing
  • English, Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • Scottish Gaelic
  • Welsh
‘…’ “…” English: 1–2 pt

Welsh: 1–2 pt

  • Afrikaans
  • Chinese, People's Republic of China
  • Dutch
  • English, United States of America
  • English, Canada
  • Esperanto
  • Filipino
  • Hindi
  • Interlingua
  • Irish
  • Korean, Republic of Korea
  • Malay, Indonesia
  • Maltese
  • Portuguese, Brazil
  • Spanish, Spain
  • Tamil
  • Thai
  • Turkish
  • Urdu
“…” ‘…’ English: 1–2 pt

Chinese: fullwidth

Irish: 1–2 pt

  • Lao
  • Vietnamese
“…”
  • Latvian
“…”

„…”

  • Finnish
  • Swedish
”…” ’…’
  • Bosnian
”…”

„…”

’…’
  • Hebrew
„…” ‚…’
  • Serbian
„…” ’…’
  • Croatian
„…” ‘…’
  • Romanian
„…” «…» none
  • Polish
„…” »…«
  • Hungarian
„…” »…«
  • Czech
  • German, Germany
  • Icelandic
  • Lithuanian
  • Slovak
  • Slovenian
  • Sorbian
„…“ ‚…‘
  • Bulgarian
„…“ ’…’

‘…’

  • Macedonian
„…“ ’…‘
  • Albanian
„…“ ‘…’
  • Estonian
  • Georgian
„…“ Georgian: none
  • Amharic
  • French, Switzerland
  • German, Switzerland
  • Italian, Switzerland
  • Romansh
  • Uighur
«…» ‏ ‹…› ‏
  • French, France
«…» ‏ “…”

«…»

¼ em
  • Basque
  • Catalan
  • Galician
  • Greek
  • Italian, Italy
  • Occitan
  • Portuguese, Portugal
  • Spanish, Spain
«…» ‏ “…” Catalan: none
  • Azerbaijani
  • Belarusian
  • Mongolian (Cyrillic)
  • Russian
  • Uzbek
«…» ‏ „…“ Russian: none

Ukranian: none

  • Ukrainian
«…» “…”

‘…’

  • Ido
«…» ‏ ‘…’
  • Norwegian
«…» ‏ ’…’
  • Arabic
  • Armenian
  • Kazakh
  • Khmer
  • Pashto
  • Persian
  • Tigrinya
  • Uyghur
«…»‏ Arabic: optional
  • Mongolian (Mongolian)

《…》

〈…〉

  • Danish
»…«

"…"

›…‹

‚…‘

  • Chinese, Hong Kong
  • Chinese, Republic of China
  • Japanese
「…」

「…」

『…』

『…』

  • Korean, Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • New Tai Lue
  • Tai Le
  • Tibetan
《…》 〈…〉
  • Lojban
lu … li'u

Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quotation_mark

Decimal separator[edit | edit source]

punctuation . · , ٫
country or region
  • Australia
  • Anguilla
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Bangladesh
  • Barbados
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bermuda
  • British Virgin Islands
  • Botswana
  • Brunei
  • Cambodia
  • Canada (English)
  • Cayman Islands
  • Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Eswatini
  • Ethiopia
  • Falkland Island
  • Grenada
  • Ghana
  • Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • Guatemala
  • Guyana
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong
  • India
  • Ireland
  • Isle of Mann
  • Israel
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Kenya
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Libya
  • Liberia
  • Liechtenstein
  • Luxembourg
  • Macau (Chinese)
  • Malaysia
  • Maldives
  • Malta
  • Malawi
  • Mexico
  • Montserrat
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Nigeria
  • Pakistan
  • Palestine
  • Panama
  • People's Republic of China
  • Philippines
  • Puerto Rico
  • Republic of China
  • Republic of Korea
  • Saint Helena, Ascencion and Tristan da Cunha
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Martin
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Singapore
  • South Africa
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sudan
  • Switzerland
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • The Bahamas
  • The Gambia
  • Togo
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Uganda
  • United States of America
  • United States Virgin Islands
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe
  • Ireland
  • Malaysia
  • Philippines
  • Republic of China
  • Singapore
  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Andorra
  • Angola
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Aruba
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Benin
  • Bolivia
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Brazil
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cameroon
  • Canada (French)
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Curaçao
  • Cyprus
  • Czechia
  • Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Denmark
  • Ecuador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Estonia
  • Faroes Islands
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • Gabon
  • Germany
  • Georgia
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Haiti
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Indonesia
  • Italy
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kosovo
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macau (Portuguese)
  • Macedonia
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Mali
  • Mauritania
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Namibia
  • Netherlands
  • New Caledonia
  • Niger
  • North Macedonia
  • Norway
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Pitcairn Island
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Republic of Congo
  • Romania
  • Russia
  • Rwanda
  • San Marino
  • São Tomé and Príncipe
  • Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Sierra Leone
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Suriname
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Tajikistan
  • Timor-Leste
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Turkmenistan
  • Ukraine
  • Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vatican City
  • Venezuela
  • Vietnam
  • Afghanistan
  • Bahrain
  • Egypt
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Kuwait
  • Oman
  • Qatar
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Sudan
  • Syria
  • United Arab Emirates
punctuation . , ٫
constructed language
  • Esperanto
  • Ido
  • Interlingua
  • Volapük

Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decimal_separator

Digit group delimiter[edit | edit source]

punctuation , . ' (space)
country or region
  • Bangladesh
  • Canada (English)
  • Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • Hong Kong
  • India
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Japan
  • Malaysia
  • Malta
  • Mexico
  • New Zealand
  • Pakistan
  • People's Republic of China
  • Philippines
  • Republic of China
  • Singapore
  • Thailand
  • United States of America
  • Argentina
  • Austria
  • Belgium (Dutch)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Brazil
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Croatia
  • Denmark
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Indonesia
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Malaysia
  • Netherlands
  • Philippines
  • Republic of China
  • Romania
  • Singapore
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Turkey
  • Vietnam
  • Liechtenstein
  • Switzerland
  • Albania
  • Australia
  • Belgium (French)
  • Bulgaria
  • Canada (English)
  • Canada (French)
  • Czechia
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Hungary
  • Italy
  • Kosovo
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Norway
  • People's Republic of China
  • Peru
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Russia
  • San Marino
  • Slovakia
  • South Africa
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Ukraine
  • Vietnam

Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decimal_separator

Usage[edit | edit source]

Space[edit | edit source]

to separate words to separate sentences to separate syllables
  • English
  • French
  • German
  • Thai
  • Lao
  • Vietnamese
  • Chinese
  • Japanese

Comma[edit | edit source]

to separate a series of words, phrases or clauses to form a compound sentence to introduce a quote
  • English

Enumeration comma[edit | edit source]

to separate words in a list
  • Chinese

Period[edit | edit source]

Question mark[edit | edit source]

to indicate a direct question
  • English
  • Japanese

Exclamation mark[edit | edit source]

to indicate an exclamation to indicate a command to be used with imperative mood
  • English
  • German

Quotation marks[edit | edit source]

to indicate direct speech to indicate special meaning
  • English

Colon[edit | edit source]

to indicate a series of words to indicate description to indicate explanation to indicate definition
  • English

Semicolon[edit | edit source]

to separate two series of words or phrases to separate two closely related independent clauses
  • English

Hyphen[edit | edit source]

to form a compound word to connect letters in spelling to connect groups of digit in a nominal number to form an interrupted word
  • English

En dash[edit | edit source]

to indicate a range of number to separate two scores in a game
  • English

Em dash[edit | edit source]

to further explain a word, phrase or clause to express an opinion in a sentence
  • English

Wave dash[edit | edit source]

to indicate a range of number
  • Chinese
  • Japanese

Ellipse[edit | edit source]

to indicate omission of quote to indicate omission of a series of word to indicate intermittent speech
  • English

Round brackets[edit | edit source]

  • English

Square brackets[edit | edit source]

  • English

Curly brackets[edit | edit source]

  • English

Angle brackets[edit | edit source]

to indicate a title
  • Chinese

Lenticular brackets[edit | edit source]

  • Japanese

Hex brackets[edit | edit source]

to indicate the serial number of an official document to indicate the nationality or dynasty of the author
  • Chinese

Slash[edit | edit source]

  • English

Apostrophe[edit | edit source]

to indicate omission of letters to indicate possessive case to separate morphemes to indicate elision to indicate a glottal stop to indicate palatalisation or non-palatalisation
  • English

Interpunct[edit | edit source]

to separate syllables in confusion to distinguish specific graphemes to separate words of foreign proper names to separate a series of words
  • Catalan
  • Occitan
  • Japanese
  • Chinese

Musical note[edit | edit source]

to indicate singing
  • Japanese

Contributors

GrimPixel and AussieInBg


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