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Multiple-languages Language Multiple-languages Vocabulary: Mechanics

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The branch division of mechanics are different to some degree among countries. For example: in former Soviet-influenced countries, “theoretical mechanics” includes statics, kinematics, dynamics, and is a sub-branch of “applied mechanics, engineering mechanics”; “analytical mechanics” includes Lagrangian mechanics and Hamiltonian mechanics, and is a sub-branch of “theoretical dynamics”.

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经典力学 jīngdiǎn lìxué klassische Mechanik, Newton'sche Mechanik classcial mechanics mécanique [f] newtonienne, méchanique [f] classique 古典力学 こ↑てんりき↓がく класси́ческая меха́ника
应用力学,工程力学 yìngyòng lìxué, gōngchéng lìxué technische Mechanik applied mechanics, engineering mechanics mécanique [f] (technique) 応用力学 お↑うようりき↓がく прикладна́я меха́ника
理论力学 lǐlùn lìxué „theoretische Mechanik“ “theoretical mechanics” « mécanique [f] théorique » 「理論力学」 「り↑ろんりき↓がく」 теорети́ческая меха́ника
静力学 jìng lìxué Statik [f] statics statique [f] 静力学 せ↑いりき↓がく ста́тика
运动学 yùndòng xué Kinematik [f] kinematics cinématique [f] 運動学 う↑んど↓うがく кинема́тика
动力学 dòng lìxué Dynamik [f] dynamics dynamique [f] 動力学 ど↑うりき↓がく дина́мика
连续介质力学 liánxù jièzhì lìxué Kontinuumsmechanik [f] continuum mechanics mécanique [f] des milieux continus 連続体力学 れ↑んぞくたいりき↓がく меха́ника сплошны́х сред
固体力学 gùtǐ lìxué Mechanik [f] fester Körper [m pl] solid mechanics mécanique [f] des solides déformables 固体力学 こ↑たいりき↓がく меха́ника твёрдого те́ла
接触力学 jiēchù lìxué Kontaktmechanik [f] contact mechanics mécanique [f] des contacts 接触力学 せ↑っしょくりき↓がく меха́ника конта́ктного взаимоде́йствия
断裂力学 duànliè lìxué Bruchmechanik [f] fracture mechanics mécanique [f] de la rupture 破壊力学 は↑かいりき↓がく меха́ника разруше́ния твёрдых тел
结构力学 jiégòu lìxué Strukturmechanik [f] structural mechanics mécanique [f] des structures 構造力学 こ↑うぞうりき↓がく строи́тельная меха́ника
土壤力学,土力学 tǔrǎng lìxué, tǔ lìxué Bodenmechanik [f] soil mechanics mécanique [f] des sols 土質力学 ど↑しつりき↓がく меха́ника грунто́в
流体力学 liútǐ lìxué Strömungsmechanik [f], Fluidmechanik [f], Strömungslehre [f] fluid mechanics mécanique [f] des fluides 流体力学 り↑ゅうたいりき↓がく гидроаэромеха́ника
水力学 shuǐ lìxué Hydraulik [f] hydraulics hydraulique [f] 水理学 す↑いり↓がく гидра́влика
流体静力学 liútǐ jìnglìxué Hydrostatik [f] fluid statics, hydrostatics hydrostatique [f], statique [f] des fluides 流体静力学 り↑ゅうたいせいりき↓がく гидроста́тика
流体动力学 liútǐ dònglìxué Fluiddynamik [f] fluid dynamics dynamique [f] des fluides 流体動力学 り↑ゅうたいどうりき↓がく гидроаэродина́мика
水动力学 shuǐ dònglìxué Hydrodynamik [f] hydrodynamics hydrodynamique [f] 水力学 す↑いりき↓がく гидродина́мика
空气动力学 kōngqì dònglìxué Aerodynamik [f] aerodynamics aérodynamique [f] 空気力学 く↑うきりき↓がく аэродина́мика
分析力学 fēnxī lìxué analytische Mechanik, theoretische Mechanik analytical mechanics, theoretical mechanics mécanique [f] analytique 解析力学 か↑いせきりき↓がく аналити́ческая меха́ника
天体力学 tiāntǐ lìxué Himmelsmechanik [f] celestial mechanics mécanique [f] céleste 天体力学 て↑んたいりき↓がく небе́сная меха́ника
航天动力学 hángtiān dònglìxué Raumflugmechanik [f] orbital mechanics, astrodynamics mécanique spatiale, astrodynamique 軌道力学 き↑どうりき↓がく астродина́мика
弹道学 dàndào xué Ballistik [f] ballistics balistique [f] 弾道学 だ↑んど↓うがく балли́стика
量子力学 liàngzǐ lìxué Quantenmechanik [f] quantum mechanics mécanique [f] quantique 量子力学 りょ↑うしりき↓がく ква́нтовая меха́ника
矩阵力学 jǔzhèn lìxué Matrizenmechanik [f] matrix mechanics mécanique [f] matricielle 行列力学 ぎょ↑うれつりき↓がく ма́тричная меха́ника
量子统计力学 liàngzǐ tǒngjì lìxué Quantenstatistik [f] quantum statistical mechanics physique [f] statistique quantique 量子統計力学 りょ↓うしと↑うけいりき↓がく ква́нтовая статисти́ческая меха́ника
相对论力学 xiāngduìlùn lìxué relativistische Mechaniak relativistic mechanics mécanique [f] relativiste 相対論的力学 そ↑うたいろんてきりき↓がく релятиви́стская меха́ника

Main[edit | edit source]

Classical Mechanics[edit | edit source]

Applied Mechanics[edit | edit source]

friction
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friction force; solid <thermodynamics>; surface <geometry>
dry friction friction
fluid friction friction; viscosity
internal friction friction; deformation
kinetic friction dry friction
lubricated friction friction; lubricity
skin friction friction; drag
static friction, stiction dry friction
Statics[edit | edit source]
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free body diagram object
Lami's theorem coplanarity <geometry>; colinearity <geometry>; vector <geometry>
mechanical equilibrium net force; particle
object, body matter; three-dimensional space <geometry>
rigid body object
net force vector sum <geometry>; force
Kinematics[edit | edit source]
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加速度 jiāsù dù Beschleunigung [f] acceleration velocity; time derivative <mathematical analysis> accélération [f] 加速度 か↑そく↓ど ускоре́ние
角加速度 jiǎo jiāsùdù Winkelbeschleunigung [f] angular acceleration angular velocity; time derivative <mathematical analysis> accélération angulaire 角加速度 か↑くかそく↓ど углово́е ускоре́ние
角频率 jiǎo pínlǜ Kreisfrequenz [f], Winkelfrequenz [f] angular frequency angular displacement; angular velocity fréquence angulaire 角周波数,角振動数,円振動数 か↑くしゅうは↓すう,か↑くしんど↓うすう,え↑んしんど↓うすう углова́я частота́
角速度 jiǎo sùdù Winkelgeschwindigkeit [f], Rotationsgeschwindigkeit [f], Drehgeschwindigkeit [f] angular velocity, rotational velocity rotation; position <geometry>; time derivative <mathematical analysis> vitesse angulaire, vitesse [f] de rotation [f] 角速度 か↑くそ↓くど углова́я ско́рость
平均速度 píngjūn sùdù Durchschnittsgeschwindigkeit [f] average speed distance; duration vitesse moyenne 平均速度 へ↑いきんそ↓くど сре́дняя ско́рость
圆周运动 yuánzhōu yùndòng Kreisbewegung [f] circular motion circumference <geometry>; rotation <geometry> mouvement circulaire 円運動 え↑んう↓んどう кругово́е движе́ние
弹性势能 tánxìng shìnéng elastische potentielle Energie elastic potential energy deformation; work; potential energy énergie potentielle élastique 弾性位置エネルギー だ↑んせいいちエネル↓ギー упру́гая потенциа́льная эне́ргия
参考系,坐标系 cānkǎo xì, zuòbiāo xì Bezugssystem [n] frame of reference, reference frame coordinate system <geometry> référentiel [m] 基準座標系,基準系,参照系 き↑じゅんざひょうけい,き↑じゅんけい,さ↑んしょうけい систе́ма отсчёта
引力势能 yǐnlì shìnéng potentielle Gravitationsenergie gravitational potential energy, gravitational energy mass; gravitational field; potential energy énergie potentielle gravitationnelle 重力ポテンシャルエネルギー じゅ↓うりょくポ↑テンシャルエネル↓ギー гравитациóнная энéргия
惯性参考系,惯性坐标系,惯性系 guànxìng cānkǎoxì, guànxìng zuòbiāoxì, guànxìng xì Inertialsystem [n] inertial frame of reference, inertial reference frame, inertial frame, Galilean reference frame frame of reference; acceleration référentiel inertiel, référentiel galiléen 慣性系 か↑んせいけい инерциа́льная систе́ма отсчёта
动能 dòng néng kinetische Energie, Bewegungsenergie [f] kinetic energy energy; motion énergie [f] cinétique 運動エネルギー う↑んどうエネル↓ギー кинети́ческая эне́ргия
直线运动 zhíxiàn yùndòng lineare Bewegung linear motion, rectilinear motion motion; line <geometry> mouvement [m] rectiligne 線運動,直動 せ↑んう↓んどう,ちょ↑くどう прямолине́йное движе́ние
运动 yùndòng Bewegung [f] motion mouvement [m] 運動 う↑んどう движе́ние
非惯性参考系,非惯性坐标系,非惯性系 fēiguànxìng cānkǎoxì, fēiguànxìng zuòbiāoxì, fēiguànxìng xì Nicht-Inertialsystem [n], beschleunigtes Bezugssystem non-inertial reference frame reference frame; acceleration référentiel non inertiel, référentiel non galiléen 非慣性参照フレーム ひ↑かんせいさんしょうフ↓レーム неинерциа́льная систе́ма отсчёта
变速圆周运动 biànsù yuánzhōu yùndòng non-uniform circular motion circular motion; non-uniform linear motion
变速直线运动 biànsù zhíxiàn yùndòng non-uniform linear motion linear motion; non-uniform linear motion
势能,位能 shì néng, wèi néng potenzielle Energie, potentielle Energie, Lageenergie [f] potential energy energy; position <geometry> énergie potentielle 位置エネルギー い↑ちエネル↓ギー потенциа́льная эне́ргия
相对速度 xiāngduì sùdù Relativgeschwindigkeit [f] relative velocity velocity vitesse relative 相対速度 そ↑うたいそ↓くど относи́тельная ско́рость
回复力 huífù lì Rückstellkraft [f] restoring force force; equilibrium point <stability theory> force [f] de rappel [m] 復元力 ふ↑くげんり↓ょく си́ла упру́гости
简谐运动 jiǎnxié yùndòng harmonische Schwingung, harmonische Bewegung simple harmonic motion motion; restoring force; periodic function <mathematical analysis> oscillateur [m] harmonique 単振動,調和振動 た↑んし↓んどう,ちょ↑うわし↓んどう гармони́ческие колеба́ния
速率 sù lǜ Schnelligkeit [f] speed magnitude <number theory>; position <geometry> vitesse [f] 速さ は↓やさ ско́рость движе́ния
匀速圆周运动 yúnsù yuánzhōu yùndòng gleichförmige Kreisbewegung uniform circular motion circular motion; uniform motion mouvement circulaire uniforme 等速円運動 と↑うそくえんう↓んどう равноме́рное кругово́е движе́ние
uniform linear motion linear motion; uniform motion
匀速运动 yúnsù yùndòng gleichförmige Bewegung uniform motion velocity; acceleration mouvement uniforme 等速運動 と↑うそくう↓んどう равноме́рное движе́ние
速度 sù dù Geschwindigkeit [f] velocity position <geometry>; time derivative <mathematical analysis> vecteur [m] vitesse, vélocité [f] 速度 そ↓くど ско́рость
Dynamics[edit | edit source]
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Coriolis effect rotating frame of reference
damping oscillation
Euler's first law linear momentum; force
Euler's laws of motion Euler's first law; Euler's first law
impulse force; integral <mathematical analysis>; time
inertia object; velocity; force
linear momentum, translational momentum, momentum mass; velocity
Newton's law of universal gravitation particle; force
Newton's first law of motion object; velocity; net force
Newton's second law of motion object; vector sum <geometry>; force; mass; acceleration
Newton's third law of motion object; force; magnitude <number theory>; orientation <geometry>
power energy; unit time
reaction Newton's third law of motion
rotational inertia, moment of inertia rigid body; torque; angular acceleration
torque, rotational force
work force; displacement <geometry>
fictitious force
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惯性力,假想力 guànxìng lì, jiǎxiǎng lì Trägheitskraft [f] inertial force, fictitious force, pseudo force, d'Alembert force force; non-inertial reference frame force [f] d'inertie, force inertielle, force fictive, pseudo-force [f] 慣性力,見掛けの力 か↑んせ↓いりょく, み↑かけのちから си́ла ине́рции, инерцио́нная си́ла
离心力 líxīn lì Zentrifugalkraft [f], Fliehkraft [f] centrifugal force inertial force force [f] centrifuge 遠心力 え↑んし↓んりょく центробе́жная си́ла
地转偏向力,科里奥利力 dìzhuǎn piānxiàng lì, Kēlǐ'àolì lì Corioliskraft [f] Coriolis force Coriolis effect; inertial force force [f] de Coriolis 転向力,コリオリの力,コリオリ力 て↑んこ↓うりょく,コ↑リオリ↓のりょく,コ↑リオリ↓りょく си́ла Кориоли́са
欧拉力 Ōulā lì Eulerkraft [f] Euler force inertial force; transverse acceleration オイラー力 オ↑イラー↓りょく
Continuum Mechanics[edit | edit source]
Solid Mechanics[edit | edit source]
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bending, flexure
contact force force
deformation solid <thermodynamics>
elasticity deformation
elastic deformation elasticity
elastic modulus, modulus of elasticity elasticity
flexural modulus, bending modulus stress; strain; flexural deformation
Hooke's law force; stiffness
linear elasticity elasticity
normal force contact force
parallelogram of force vector addition <algebra>
plasticity, plastic deformation deformation
plastic deformation plasticity
Poisson effect deformation; structural load
Poisson's ratio Poisson effect
strain
stress
structural element
structural load, structural action force; deformation; acceleration; structural element
virial theorem kinetic energy; particle; force
yield
yield point yield; stress–strain curve
yield strength, yield stress yield
Fluid Mechanics[edit | edit source]
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terminal velocity velocity; fluid

Analytical Mechanics[edit | edit source]

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canonical coordinates Hamiltonian mechanics
哈密顿力学 Hāmìdùn lìxué Hamilton'sche Mechanik Hamiltonian mechanics mécanique [f] hamiltonienne ハミルトン力学 ハミルトンりきがく гамильто́нова меха́ника
拉格朗日力学 Lāgélǎngrì lìxué Lagrange-Formalismus [m], Lagrange'sche Mechanik Lagrangian mechanics configuration space, kinetic energy, potential energy équations [f pl] de Lagrange ラグランジュ力学 ラグランジュりきがく лагранжева меха́ника
trajectory, flight path physical object; mass; motion

Celestial Mechanics[edit | edit source]

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Orbital Mechanics[edit | edit source]

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Ballistics[edit | edit source]

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Quantum Mechanics[edit | edit source]

cmn-Hans-CN: 概念 cmn-Hans-CN: 前提 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gàiniàn cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: qiántí deu-Latn-DE: Begriff [m] deu-Latn-DE: Voraussetzung [f] eng-Latn-US: concept eng-Latn-US: prerequisite fra-Latn-FR: concept [m] fra-Latn-FR: préalable [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 概念 jpn-Jpan-JP: 前提 jpn-Hrkt-JP: が↓いねん jpn-Hrkt-JP: ぜ↑んてい rus-Cyrl-RU: конце́пция rus-Cyrl-RU: предпосы́лка
薛定谔方程 Xuēdìng'è fāngchéng Schrödingergleichung [f] Schrödinger equation, Schrödinger wave mechanics équation [f] de Schrödinger シュレーディンガー方程式 シュ↑レーディ↓ンガーほ↑うて↓いしき уравне́ние Шрёдингера

Matrix Mechanics[edit | edit source]

cmn-Hans-CN: 概念 cmn-Hans-CN: 前提 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gàiniàn cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: qiántí deu-Latn-DE: Begriff [m] deu-Latn-DE: Voraussetzung [f] eng-Latn-US: concept eng-Latn-US: prerequisite fra-Latn-FR: concept [m] fra-Latn-FR: préalable [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 概念 jpn-Jpan-JP: 前提 jpn-Hrkt-JP: が↓いねん jpn-Hrkt-JP: ぜ↑んてい rus-Cyrl-RU: конце́пция rus-Cyrl-RU: предпосы́лка

Quantum Statistical Mechanics[edit | edit source]

cmn-Hans-CN: 概念 cmn-Hans-CN: 前提 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gàiniàn cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: qiántí deu-Latn-DE: Begriff [m] deu-Latn-DE: Voraussetzung [f] eng-Latn-US: concept eng-Latn-US: prerequisite fra-Latn-FR: concept [m] fra-Latn-FR: préalable [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 概念 jpn-Jpan-JP: 前提 jpn-Hrkt-JP: が↓いねん jpn-Hrkt-JP: ぜ↑んてい rus-Cyrl-RU: конце́пция rus-Cyrl-RU: предпосы́лка

Relativistic Mechanics[edit | edit source]

cmn-Hans-CN: 概念 cmn-Hans-CN: 前提 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gàiniàn cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: qiántí deu-Latn-DE: Begriff [m] deu-Latn-DE: Voraussetzung [f] eng-Latn-US: concept eng-Latn-US: prerequisite fra-Latn-FR: concept [m] fra-Latn-FR: préalable [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 概念 jpn-Jpan-JP: 前提 jpn-Hrkt-JP: が↓いねん jpn-Hrkt-JP: ぜ↑んてい rus-Cyrl-RU: конце́пция rus-Cyrl-RU: предпосы́лка

Appendix[edit | edit source]

Sentence[edit | edit source]

cmn-Hans-CN: 语句 cmn-Hans-CN: 前提 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: yǔjù cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: qiántí deu-Latn-DE: Satz [m] deu-Latn-DE: Voraussetzung [f] eng-Latn-US: sentence eng-Latn-US: prerequisite fra-Latn-FR: phrase [f] fra-Latn-FR: préalable [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 文章 jpn-Jpan-JP: 前提 jpn-Hrkt-JP: ぶ​↑んしょ↓う jpn-Hrkt-JP: ぜ↑んてい rus-Cyrl-RU: фра́за rus-Cyrl-RU: предпосы́лка

Symbol[edit | edit source]

Classical Mechanics[edit | edit source]

Statics[edit | edit source]
symbol cmn-Hans-CN: 含义 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: hányì deu-Latn-DE: Bedeutung [f] eng-Latn-US: meaning fra-Latn-FR: signification [f] jpn-Jpan-JP: 意味 jpn-Hrkt-JP: い↓み rus-Cyrl-RU: значе́ние
A area
d distance
F force
H height
I rotational inertia
J inertia
M moment
m mass
t time
W work; weight
α, β, γ, θ, φ, ... angle
Kinematics[edit | edit source]
symbol cmn-Hans-CN: 含义 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: hányì deu-Latn-DE: Bedeutung [f] eng-Latn-US: meaning fra-Latn-FR: signification [f] jpn-Jpan-JP: 意味 jpn-Hrkt-JP: い↓み rus-Cyrl-RU: значе́ние
a acceleration
f frequency
j jerk
v speed
v velocity
ν kinematic viscosity
ω angular speed
ω angular velocity
Dynamics[edit | edit source]
symbol cmn-Hans-CN: 含义 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: hányì deu-Latn-DE: Bedeutung [f] eng-Latn-US: meaning fra-Latn-FR: signification [f] jpn-Jpan-JP: 意味 jpn-Hrkt-JP: い↓み rus-Cyrl-RU: значе́ние
E energy
h specific angular momentum
J impulse
L angular momentum
P power
P rotatum
p momentum
Y yank
α angular acceleration
ζ angular jerk
μ dynamic viscosity
τ torque
Continuum Mechanics[edit | edit source]
symbol cmn-Hans-CN: 含义 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: hányì deu-Latn-DE: Bedeutung [f] eng-Latn-US: meaning fra-Latn-FR: signification [f] jpn-Jpan-JP: 意味 jpn-Hrkt-JP: い↓み rus-Cyrl-RU: значе́ние
Solid Mechanics[edit | edit source]
symbol cmn-Hans-CN: 含义 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: hányì deu-Latn-DE: Bedeutung [f] eng-Latn-US: meaning fra-Latn-FR: signification [f] jpn-Jpan-JP: 意味 jpn-Hrkt-JP: い↓み rus-Cyrl-RU: значе́ние
Ω solid angle
Fluid Mechanics[edit | edit source]
symbol cmn-Hans-CN: 含义 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: hányì deu-Latn-DE: Bedeutung [f] eng-Latn-US: meaning fra-Latn-FR: signification [f] jpn-Jpan-JP: 意味 jpn-Hrkt-JP: い↓み rus-Cyrl-RU: значе́ние
A Atwood number
Ar Archimedes number
Ba Bagnold number
Be Bejan number
Bi Biot number
Br Brinkman number
Ca Capillary number; Cauchy number
D Damköhler number
Da Darcy number
De Deborah number
Du Dukhin number
Ec Eckert number
Ek Ekman number
Eo, Bo Eötvös number. Bond number
Eu Euler number
Fr Froude number
G Görtler number
Ga Galilei number
Gr Grashof number
Gz Graetz number
hg Hagen number
Ka Kapitza number
KC Keulegan–Carpenter number
Kn Knudsen number
La, Su Laplace number, Suratman number
Le Lewis number
Ma Marangoni number
Ma, M Mach number
Mo Morton number
N Stuart number
Nu Nusselt number
Oh Ohnesorge number
P, Z Rouse number
Pe Péclet number
Pr Prandtl number
Prm magnetic Prandtl number
Prt turbulent Prandtl number
Q Chandrasekhar number
Q volumetric flow rate
Ra Rayleigh number
Re Reynolds number
Rem magnetic Reynolds number
Ri Richardson number
Ro Roshko number; Rossby number
Sc Scruton number; Schmidt number
Sh Sherwood number
St Stanton number
St, Sr Strouhal number
Stk Stokes number
Ta Taylor number
U Ursell number
We Weber number
Wi Weissenberg number
α Womersley number
ξ Iribarren number
Analytical Mechanics[edit | edit source]
symbol cmn-Hans-CN: 含义 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: hányì deu-Latn-DE: Bedeutung [f] eng-Latn-US: meaning fra-Latn-FR: signification [f] jpn-Jpan-JP: 意味 jpn-Hrkt-JP: い↓み rus-Cyrl-RU: значе́ние
H Hamiltonian mechanics
L Lagrangian mechanics

Resource under a Public License[edit | edit source]

Applied Mechanics[edit | edit source]

name language link
Step multiple languages https://apps.kde.org/step/

Fluid Mechanics[edit | edit source]

name language link
Hopsan https://github.com/Hopsan/hopsanx

640px-Physik-schiefe-Ebene.png

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