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DEFINITE ARTICLE OF NOUNS – Членуване на съществителните

1. In Bulgarian there is no indefinite article.

2. We add the definite article to the end of the word and it is always a part of it. It is different for masculine, feminine and neuter nouns and also for the plural.

3. There are two forms of the definite article for masculine nouns: short form -А/-Я and full form -ЪТ/-ЯТ.

Singular – masculine
Definite article short form Definite article full form
+а/+я +ът/+ят
ключ  ключа  ключът
сандвич  сандвича  сандвичът
учител  учителя  учителят

4. Most masculine nouns add the definite article -ЪТ/-А. Nouns signifying people and ending in -ТЕЛ or -АР/-ЯР in singular add -ЯТ/-Я. Masculine nouns ending in -Й also add -ЯТ/-Я: учител – учителя(т), лекар – лекаря(т), чай – чая(т).

Exceptions: Masculine nouns ending in -A take the definite article -TA: баща – бащата.

5. We use the full form only in writing and only if the noun is the subject of the sentence or after the verb “to be”. This distinction is made in the written language. When speaking we usually pronounce the short form.

6. In all other cases we use the short form. After prepositions, we use only the short form.

7. Feminine nouns add the definite article -ТА. They have only one form.

Singular – feminine
Definite article
къща  къщата
вечеря  вечерята

8. Neuter nouns add the definite article -ТО. They have only one form.

Singular – neuter
Definite article
кафе  кафето
мляко  млякото

9. Masculine and feminine plural nouns add the definite article -ТE. Neuter plural nouns add the definite article -ТA.

Definite article Noun with a definite article
m.  учители  +те  учителите
f.  къщи  +те  къщите
n.  кафета  +та  кафетата

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