Language/Bulgarian/Grammar/Negation

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Bulgarian Grammar - Negation

Hi Bulgarian learners! 😊
In this lesson, we will focus on negations in Bulgarian grammar. Negation is a very important element of any language and Bulgarian is no exception. Negation refers to the process of expressing the opposite of a statement or a question. In Bulgarian, negation is expressed using different types of negation particles. Let's see how this works.


Consider exploring these related pages after completing this lesson: DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS ..., GENERALIZING PRONOUNS ..., SHORT POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS – Кратки притежателни местоимения & DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS – Показателни местоимения.

Negation particles[edit | edit source]

In Bulgarian, there are three main particles to express negation: "не", "няма" and "никой". Each of them is used in different context and situations.

"Не"[edit | edit source]

"Не" is the most common negative particle in Bulgarian. It is used to negate verbs, adjectives, nouns and phrases. It is usually placed before the word it modifies.

Negating verbs[edit | edit source]

When negating verbs, "не" is placed before the verb. For example:

Bulgarian Pronunciation English
не говоря ne govorya I am not speaking
не ям ne yam I am not eating

Negating adjectives[edit | edit source]

When negating adjectives, "не" is placed before the adjective.

For example:

Bulgarian Pronunciation English
не умен ne umen not smart
не красива ne krasiva not beautiful

"Няма"[edit | edit source]

"Няма" means "there isn't" or "there aren't" and is used to express negation in relation to the existence or possession of something. It is used in combination with the postpositive particle "ли".

For example:

Bulgarian Pronunciation English
Няма ли вода? Nyama li voda? Isn't there any water?

"Никой"[edit | edit source]

"Никой" means "nobody" or "none", and it is used to express negation in relation to people or things. It is usually placed before the noun it modifies.

For example:

Bulgarian Pronunciation English
Никой не е у дома Nikoy ne e u doma Nobody is at home

Double negation[edit | edit source]

Bulgarian is a language that allows double negation in certain situations. Double negation reinforces the negative meaning of a sentence.

For example:

Bulgarian Pronunciation English
Не мога да не те обичам Ne moga da ne te obicham I cannot help but love you.
Той никога не казва нищо Toy nikoga ne kazva nishto He never says anything.

Negating questions[edit | edit source]

In Bulgarian, negating questions is different from English. Instead of adding "not" at the end of a sentence, we use a negative particle at the beginning of the sentence, followed by the verb and then the subject.

For example:

Bulgarian Pronunciation English
Не харесваш ли кафето? Ne haresvash li kafeto? Don't you like the coffee?

A dialogue[edit | edit source]

  • Person 1: Пия ли бира? (Am I drinking beer?)
  • Person 2: Не, не пиеш бира. (No, you are not drinking beer.)
  • Person 1: Има ли куче в къщата? (Is there a dog in the house?)
  • Person 2: Не, няма куче в къщата. (No, there isn't a dog in the house.)

Tips[edit | edit source]

- Practice, practice, practice: To become proficient in using negation in Bulgarian, you have to practice a lot. - Don't be afraid to make mistakes: Mistakes are part of the learning process, so don't be afraid to make them. - Listen and speak to native speakers: To improve your Bulgarian language skills, try to talk to native speakers. Find native speakers and ask them any questions!

Conclusion[edit | edit source]

In conclusion, negation is a fundamental concept in any language, and Bulgarian is no exception. Negation particles like "не", "няма" and "никой" are essential to express the opposite of a statement or a question in Bulgarian. To improve your Bulgarian Grammar, you can also visit the Polyglot Club website, where you can find more resources to learn Bulgarian Grammar.


➡ If you have any questions, please ask them in the comments section below.
➡ Feel free to edit this wiki page if you think it can be improved. 😎

Sources[edit | edit source]


Well done on mastering this lesson! Don't miss these related pages to expand your knowledge: Plurals, PERSONAL PRONOUNS – Лични местоимения, Gender & CARDINAL NUMERALS – Бройни числителни.

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