From Polyglot Club WIKI
< Language‎ | Urdu‎ | Grammar
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This lesson can still be improved. EDIT IT NOW! & become VIP
Rate this lesson:
(0 votes)

Next Lesson — Connecting Letters ▶️

UrduGrammar0 to A1 Course → Introduction to Urdu Script → Urdu Alphabet

As a Urdu language teacher with over 20 years of experience, I know that learning the Urdu alphabet is a crucial step in mastering the language. In this lesson, you will learn about the Urdu alphabet, its characters, and their pronunciation. By the end of this lesson, you will be able to read and write basic words in Urdu.

After mastering this lesson, these related pages might interest you: How to Use Have & Plurals and Gender.

Urdu Alphabet[edit | edit source]

The Urdu alphabet consists of 39 letters, all of which are consonants. Unlike English, vowels are represented by diacritic marks called "Zabar," "Zer, " and "Pesh." In addition, there are a few letters that can represent both consonant and vowel sounds, such as "ی" (ye). It is important to master the pronunciation of both consonants and vowels to read and write in Urdu properly.

Here is a table that shows the Urdu alphabet with its pronunciation and English equivalent:

Urdu Pronunciation English
ا a A
ب b B
پ p P
ت t T
ث s S
ج j J
چ ch Ch
ح h H
خ kh Kh
د d D
ذ z Z
ر r R
ز z Z
ژ zh Zh
س s S
ش sh Sh
ع ` `
غ gh Gh
ف f F
ق q Q
ک k K
گ g G
ل l L
م m M
ن n N
و w W
ہ h H
ھ h H
ی y Y

Keep in mind that the pronunciation of some of these letters can change depending on their placement in a word or their association with other letters. It's essential to learn these variations by heart to master Urdu reading and writing fluency.

Diacritic Marks[edit | edit source]

As mentioned before, Urdu also uses three diacritic marks for vowels: Zabar (اَ), Zer (اِ), and Pesh (اُ). These diacritic marks change the sound of the associated letter. Here's how they work:

- Zabar: indicates an "A" sound added after a consonant.

- Zer: indicates an "I" sound added after a consonant.

- Pesh: indicates an "U" sound added after a consonant.

For example:

- کَرتا (karta): Means "doing"

- کِتاب (kitab): Means "Book"

- کُرتا (kurta): Means "Shirt"

The diacritic marks may seem challenging, but mastering them is a crucial step to understanding the Urdu language.

Final Thoughts[edit | edit source]

In conclusion, mastering the Urdu alphabet and diacritic marks is essential for learning the Urdu language. To begin, practice writing the individual letters and reading basic words aloud. In the next lesson, we will discuss connecting letters to form words in Urdu. Keep practicing and have fun on this journey of learning Urdu!

Videos[edit | edit source]

Learn Urdu - Lesson 3 - The Urdu Alphabets and their positions and ...[edit | edit source]

Urdu Grammar - IV - YouTube[edit | edit source]

Urdu Grammar - Imlaa - YouTube[edit | edit source]

Urdu Grammar -III - YouTube[edit | edit source]

AIRAB 02 Urdu Grammar | All Type Of Competitive Exam Like REET ...[edit | edit source]

Other Lessons[edit | edit source]

Sources[edit | edit source]

Next Lesson — Connecting Letters ▶️


Maintenance script and Vincent

Create a new Lesson