# Language/Urdu/Vocabulary/Numbers-and-Counting

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## Introduction[edit | edit source]

In this lesson, we will learn about numbers and counting in Urdu. Numbers are an essential part of any language, and learning them will enable you to express quantities, count objects, and engage in everyday conversations. We will cover cardinal and ordinal numbers, as well as their usage in sentences. By the end of this lesson, you will have a solid foundation in Urdu numbers and counting.

## Cardinal Numbers[edit | edit source]

Cardinal numbers are used to express quantity or to count objects. In Urdu, the cardinal numbers are relatively straightforward to learn. Let's start by learning the numbers from 0 to 10:

Urdu | Pronunciation | English Translation |
---|---|---|

صفر | sifar | Zero |

ایک | ek | One |

دو | do | Two |

تین | teen | Three |

چار | chaar | Four |

پانچ | paanch | Five |

چھ | chhe | Six |

سات | saat | Seven |

آٹھ | aath | Eight |

نو | no | Nine |

دس | das | Ten |

Now let's continue learning the numbers from 11 to 20:

Urdu | Pronunciation | English Translation |
---|---|---|

گیارہ | gyarah | Eleven |

بارہ | baarah | Twelve |

تیرہ | teerah | Thirteen |

چودہ | chaudah | Fourteen |

پندرہ | pandrah | Fifteen |

سولہ | solah | Sixteen |

سترہ | sattar | Seventeen |

اٹھارہ | atharah | Eighteen |

انیس | unees | Nineteen |

بیس | bees | Twenty |

Great! You have now learned the numbers from 0 to 20 in Urdu. These numbers serve as the foundation for counting in Urdu and will be used in various contexts throughout your language learning journey.

To continue building your knowledge of cardinal numbers, let's learn the numbers from 30 to 100:

Urdu | Pronunciation | English Translation |
---|---|---|

تیس | tees | Thirty |

چالیس | chaalees | Forty |

پچاس | pachaas | Fifty |

ساٹھ | saath | Sixty |

ستر | sattar | Seventy |

اٹھاسی | assi | Eighty |

نواسی | navasi | Ninety |

سو | so | One Hundred |

You now have the tools to count from 0 to 100 in Urdu! Practice saying the numbers out loud to reinforce your learning and improve your pronunciation.

## Ordinal Numbers[edit | edit source]

Ordinal numbers are used to indicate the position or order of something. In Urdu, ordinal numbers are formed by adding the suffix "-واں" ("-wan") to the cardinal number. Let's take a look at some examples:

Urdu | Pronunciation | English Translation |
---|---|---|

پہلا | pehla | First |

دوسرا | doosra | Second |

تیسرا | teesra | Third |

چوتھا | choutha | Fourth |

پانچواں | panchwan | Fifth |

چھٹا | chhatha | Sixth |

ساتواں | saatwan | Seventh |

آٹھواں | aathwan | Eighth |

نواں | navan | Ninth |

دسواں | daswan | Tenth |

Note that in Urdu, ordinal numbers agree in gender and number with the noun they modify. For example, if you are referring to a feminine noun in the first position, you would use "پہلی" ("pehli") instead of "پہلا" ("pehla").

## Cultural Insights[edit | edit source]

In Urdu-speaking regions, numbers hold cultural significance beyond their basic mathematical function. For example, the number 786 is considered sacred by many Muslims in South Asia. This belief stems from the fact that the Arabic letters that make up the phrase "بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم" (meaning "In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful") have a numerical value of 786. As a result, some people use the number 786 as a symbol of good luck and blessings.

In addition, Urdu poetry often incorporates numerical symbolism. Poets use numbers to convey emotions, express metaphors, and create rhythmic patterns. Understanding the significance of numbers in Urdu culture can deepen your appreciation for the language and its artistic expressions.

## Exercises[edit | edit source]

Now, let's put your knowledge of Urdu numbers and counting to the test! Complete the following exercises and check your answers.

Exercise 1: Write the Urdu translation for the following numbers:

1. Twenty-five 2. Forty-two 3. Seventy-eight 4. Ninety-nine 5. Sixty-six

Exercise 2: Write the ordinal numbers for the following cardinals:

1. تین 2. چار 3. سات 4. دس 5. بیس

Exercise 3: Fill in the blanks with the correct cardinal numbers in Urdu:

1. میں ___ کتابیں رکھی ہیں۔ (I have three books.) 2. وہ ___ میں ٹی وی دیکھ رہا ہے۔ (He is watching TV in room number six.) 3. میں ___ کلمات یاد کرتا ہوں۔ (I memorize ten words.) 4. ہمارے پاس ___ کبوتر ہیں۔ (We have twelve pigeons.) 5. ایک ہزار سے ۲۰۰ تک ___ نمبرز ہیں۔ (There are 200 numbers from one thousand to twenty.)

## Solutions[edit | edit source]

Exercise 1:

1. پچاس 2. چالیس 3. سترہ 4. نواسی 5. ساٹھ

Exercise 2:

1. تیسرا 2. چوتھا 3. ساتواں 4. دسواں 5. بیسواں

Exercise 3:

1. تین 2. چھے 3. دس 4. بارہ 5. نو

Congratulations on completing the exercises! Practice using numbers in different contexts to strengthen your understanding and fluency in Urdu.

## Conclusion[edit | edit source]

In this lesson, we explored the world of numbers and counting in Urdu. We learned cardinal and ordinal numbers, and how to use them in various situations. Remember to practice regularly to reinforce your knowledge and improve your fluency. Numbers are an essential part of any language, and mastering them will enable you to engage in conversations, express quantities, and navigate everyday situations with ease.

Keep up the great work, and soon you'll be counting in Urdu like a pro!

## Videos[edit | edit source]

### Counting in Urdu 1 to 100 Ginti | Urdu to English Numbers | Ordinal ...[edit | edit source]

### Counting for kids in Urdu words|1to 10 urdu numbers|Urdu Counting ...[edit | edit source]

## Sources[edit | edit source]

- Easy Guide To Urdu Numbers And Counting (1-100+) - Ling App
- Urdu/Vocabulary/Numbers - Wikibooks, open books for an open world

## Other Lessons[edit | edit source]

- Computer
- Clothes
- Animal
- How to Say Hello and Greetings
- Vegetables
- Colors and Shapes
- Directions and Locations
- Count to 10
- Hobbies and Activities
- Legal and Justice Terminology

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