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Multiple-languages Language Multiple-languages Vocabulary: Thermodynamics

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eng-Latn-US: concept eng-Latn-US: prerequisite cmn-Hans-CN: 概念 cmn-Hans-CN: 前提 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gàiniàn cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: qiántí deu-Latn-DE: Begriff [m] deu-Latn-DE: Voraussetzung [f] fra-Latn-FR: concept [m] fra-Latn-FR: préalable [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 概念 jpn-Jpan-JP: 前提 jpn-Hrkt-JP: が↓いねん jpn-Hrkt-JP: ぜ↑んてい rus-Cyrl-RU: конце́пция rus-Cyrl-RU: предпосы́лка
theormodynamics 热力学 rè lìxué Thermodynamik [f] thermodynamique [f] 熱力学 ね↑つりき↓がく термодина́мика
classical thermodynamics 经典热力学 jīngdiǎn rèlìxué klassische Thermodynamik thermodynamique [f] classique 古典熱力学 こ↑てんねつりき↓がく класси́ческая термодина́мика
statistical mechanics 统计力学 tǒngjì lìxué statistische Mechanik physique [f] statistique 統計力学 と↑うけいりき↓がく статисти́ческая меха́ника, статисти́ческая термодина́мика
chemical thermodynamics 化学热力学 huàxué rèlìxué chemische Thermodynamik thermodynamique [f] chimique 化学熱力学 か↑がくねつりき↓がく хими́ческая термодина́мика
quantum thermodynamics 量子热力学 liàngzǐ rèlìxué Quantenthermodynamik [f] thermodynamique [f] quantique 量子熱力学 りょ↓うしね↑つりき↓がく ква́нтовой термодина́мики
non-equilibrium thermodynamics 非平衡态热力学 fēi pínghéngtài rèlìxué Nichtgleichgewichtsthermodynamik [f] thermodynamique [f] hors équilibre 非平衡熱力学 ひ↑へいこうねつりき↓がく неравнове́сная термодина́мика

Classical Thermodynamics[edit | edit source]

eng-Latn-US: concept eng-Latn-US: prerequisite cmn-Hans-CN: 概念 cmn-Hans-CN: 前提 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gàiniàn cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: qiántí deu-Latn-DE: Begriff [m] deu-Latn-DE: Voraussetzung [f] fra-Latn-FR: concept [m] fra-Latn-FR: préalable [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 概念 jpn-Jpan-JP: 前提 jpn-Hrkt-JP: が↓いねん jpn-Hrkt-JP: ぜ↑んてい rus-Cyrl-RU: конце́пция rus-Cyrl-RU: предпосы́лкаc
absolute zero temperature; particle
absorption refrigerator refrigeration
adiabatic process thermodynamic process
Antoine equation temperature, vapor pressure
Bridgman's thermodynamic equations internal energy; enthalpy; Helmholtz free energy; Gibbs free energy; heat capacity; thermal expansion; compressibility
Carnot heat engine Carnot cycle; heat engine
Carnot cycle thermodynamic cycle
Carnot's theorem, Carnot's rule heat engine
Clausius theorem thermal reservoir; thermodynamic cycle
closed system physical system; thermodynamic system
coefficient of performance heat pump cycle; thermodynamic work; energy
conjugate variables
enthalpy internal energy; pressure; volume
entropy work <mechanics>; energy
equation of state thermodynamic equation
first law of thermodynamics law of conservation of energy; thermodynamic process; isolated system; energy; work
free expansion, Joule expansion irreversible process; volume
fundamental thermodynamic relation internal energy; thermodynamic temperature; entropy; pressure; volume
gas constant energy, temperature, mole <unit of measurement>
heat pump mechanical energy; mechanical work
heat energy
heat capacity ratio, adiabatic index, ratio of specific heats, Laplace's coefficient
heat engine mechanical energy; mechanical work
ideal gas point particle
ideal gas law, general gas equation equation of state; ideal gas
internal energy thermodynamic system; energy; entropy; volume; particle number
irreversible process thermodynamic process
isentropic process adiabatic process; reversible process
isenthalpic process thermodynamic process; enthalpy
isobaric process thermodynamic process; closed system
isochoric process, constant-volume process, isovolumetric process, isometric process thermodynamic process; closed system
isolated system physical system; thermodynamic system
isothermal process thermodynamic process; closed system
Kelvin scale thermodynamic temperature; scale of temperature
law of conservation of energy energy; isolated system
Mayer's relation specific heat, pressure, volume, gas constant
particle number, number of particles thermodynamic system; particle
perpetual motion machine laws of thermodynamics
polytropic index polytropic process
polytropic process thermodynamic process
pressure–volume diagram thermodynamic diagram; pressure; volume
quasi-static process, quasi-equilibrium process thermodynamic process; thermodynamic equilibrium
refrigerant refrigeration
refrigeration cooling
scale of temperature temperature
temperature
temperature–entropy diagram thermodynamic diagram; thermodynamic temperature; entropy
thermal convection, convective heat transfer heat transfer
thermal efficiency thermal energy
thermal energy enthalpy; heat
particle number, number of particles particle
phase transition physical change
process function, path function thermodynamic process
real gas ideal gas law
reversible process thermodynamic process
reversed Carnot cycle Carnot cycle
second law of thermodynamics entrophy; thermodynamic system; spontaneous process; thermodynamic equilibrium; thermodynamic free energy
state function, function of state, point function state variable <control theory>
Stirling engine reciprocating engine
thermal conduction heat transfer
thermal radiation electromagnetic radiation; kinetic theory of gases; matter
thermodynamic cycle thermodynamic process
thermodynamic diagram thermodynamic state
thermodynamic free energy work; thermodynamic system
thermodynamic potential energy, thermodynamic potential scalar
thermodynamic process thermodynamic system
thermodynamic state thermodynamic system; time
thermodynamic square, thermodynamic wheel, Guggenheim scheme, Born square conjugate variables
thermodynamic system
thermodynamic temperature temperature
third law of thermodynamics entropy; absolute zero
vapor-compression refrigeration intensive property, phase transition
volume intensive property
zeroth law of thermodynamics thermodynamic system; thermal equilibrium

Statistical Mechanics[edit | edit source]

eng-Latn-US: concept eng-Latn-US: prerequisite cmn-Hans-CN: 概念 cmn-Hans-CN: 前提 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gàiniàn cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: qiántí deu-Latn-DE: Begriff [m] deu-Latn-DE: Voraussetzung [f] fra-Latn-FR: concept [m] fra-Latn-FR: préalable [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 概念 jpn-Jpan-JP: 前提 jpn-Hrkt-JP: が↓いねん jpn-Hrkt-JP: ぜ↑んてい rus-Cyrl-RU: конце́пция rus-Cyrl-RU: предпосы́лка
Boltzmann transport equation, Boltzmann equation thermodynamic system, thermodynamic equilibrium
Gibbs free energy, Gibbs energy thermodynamic potential
equation of state thermodynamic equation; pressure; volume; thermodynamic temperature; internal energy
grand canonical ensemble, macrocanonical ensemble statistical ensemble
grand potential, Landau free energy, Landau energy internal energy; thermodynamic temperature; entropy; chemical potential; particle number; pressure; volume
Helmholtz free energy, Helmholtz energy isothermal process
H-theorem entropy, ideal gas
kinetic theory of gases gas; particle number
Landau free energy, Landau potential
Maxwell relations symmetry of second derivatives <mathematical analysis>, thermodynamic potential
mean-field theory, self-consistent field theory
specific enthalpy enthalpy, mass
thermodynamic limit, macroscopic limit particle number; volume
thermodynamic potential thermodynamic state; scalar
Vlasov equation differential equation, distribution function, plasma, charged particle

Chemical Thermodynamics[edit | edit source]

eng-Latn-US: concept eng-Latn-US: prerequisite cmn-Hans-CN: 概念 cmn-Hans-CN: 前提 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gàiniàn cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: qiántí deu-Latn-DE: Begriff [m] deu-Latn-DE: Voraussetzung [f] fra-Latn-FR: concept [m] fra-Latn-FR: préalable [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 概念 jpn-Jpan-JP: 前提 jpn-Hrkt-JP: が↓いねん jpn-Hrkt-JP: ぜ↑んてい rus-Cyrl-RU: конце́пция rus-Cyrl-RU: предпосы́лка
chemical potential chemical species; energy; phase transition

Quantum Thermodynamics[edit | edit source]

eng-Latn-US: concept eng-Latn-US: prerequisite cmn-Hans-CN: 概念 cmn-Hans-CN: 前提 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gàiniàn cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: qiántí deu-Latn-DE: Begriff [m] deu-Latn-DE: Voraussetzung [f] fra-Latn-FR: concept [m] fra-Latn-FR: préalable [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 概念 jpn-Jpan-JP: 前提 jpn-Hrkt-JP: が↓いねん jpn-Hrkt-JP: ぜ↑んてい rus-Cyrl-RU: конце́пция rus-Cyrl-RU: предпосы́лка

Equilibrium Thermodynamics[edit | edit source]

eng-Latn-US: concept eng-Latn-US: prerequisite cmn-Hans-CN: 概念 cmn-Hans-CN: 前提 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gàiniàn cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: qiántí deu-Latn-DE: Begriff [m] deu-Latn-DE: Voraussetzung [f] fra-Latn-FR: concept [m] fra-Latn-FR: préalable [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 概念 jpn-Jpan-JP: 前提 jpn-Hrkt-JP: が↓いねん jpn-Hrkt-JP: ぜ↑んてい rus-Cyrl-RU: конце́пция rus-Cyrl-RU: предпосы́лка

Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics[edit | edit source]

eng-Latn-US: concept eng-Latn-US: prerequisite cmn-Hans-CN: 概念 cmn-Hans-CN: 前提 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gàiniàn cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: qiántí deu-Latn-DE: Begriff [m] deu-Latn-DE: Voraussetzung [f] fra-Latn-FR: concept [m] fra-Latn-FR: préalable [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 概念 jpn-Jpan-JP: 前提 jpn-Hrkt-JP: が↓いねん jpn-Hrkt-JP: ぜ↑んてい rus-Cyrl-RU: конце́пция rus-Cyrl-RU: предпосы́лка

800px-Carnot heat engine 2.svg.png

* Appendix *[edit | edit source]

Adjective & Adjective Phrase; Verb & Verb Phrase[edit | edit source]

eng-Latn-US: concept eng-Latn-US: prerequisite cmn-Hans-CN: 概念 cmn-Hans-CN: 前提 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gàiniàn cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: qiántí deu-Latn-DE: Begriff [m] deu-Latn-DE: Voraussetzung [f] fra-Latn-FR: concept [m] fra-Latn-FR: préalable [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 概念 jpn-Jpan-JP: 前提 jpn-Hrkt-JP: が↓いねん jpn-Hrkt-JP: ぜ↑んてい rus-Cyrl-RU: конце́пция rus-Cyrl-RU: предпосы́лка

Symbol[edit | edit source]

Classical Thermodynamics[edit | edit source]

symbol eng-Latn-US: concept cmn-Hans-CN: 概念 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gàiniàn deu-Latn-DE: Begriff [m] fra-Latn-FR: concept [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 概念 jpn-Hrkt-JP: が↓いねん rus-Cyrl-RU: конце́пция
C heat capacity
Cp isobaric heat capacity
CV isochoric heat capacity
d, Δ change
H enthalpy
I thermal intensity
L specific latent heat
M molar mass
m mass
N particle number
NA Avogadro constant
n mole number
P, p pressure
p volumetric mass density; thermal conduction rate
Q heat
QL latent heat
q vapor quality
q heat flux density
R gas constant
S entropy
T thermodynamic temperature
U internal energy
V volume
W work
α coefficient of thermal expansion
β compressibility
ρ density
γ, κ heat capacity ratio
δ infinitesimal change
Φ Massieu potential
Ξ Planck potential
ν specific volume

Statistical Mechanics[edit | edit source]

symbol eng-Latn-US: concept cmn-Hans-CN: 概念 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gàiniàn deu-Latn-DE: Begriff [m] fra-Latn-FR: concept [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 概念 jpn-Hrkt-JP: が↓いねん rus-Cyrl-RU: конце́пция
A, F Helmholtz free energy
cp specific heat capacity
G Gibbs free energy
kB Boltzmann constant
ΦG, Ω grand potential

Chemical Thermodynamics[edit | edit source]

symbol eng-Latn-US: concept cmn-Hans-CN: 概念 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gàiniàn deu-Latn-DE: Begriff [m] fra-Latn-FR: concept [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 概念 jpn-Hrkt-JP: が↓いねん rus-Cyrl-RU: конце́пция
Qr reaction quotient
a thermodynamic activity
μ chemical potential

Process[edit | edit source]

Classical Thermodynamics[edit | edit source]

eng-Latn-US: process eng-Latn-US: constituent cmn-Hans-CN: 过程 cmn-Hans-CN: 构件 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: guòchéng cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gòujiàn deu-Latn-DE: Prozess [m] deu-Latn-DE: Bestandteil [m] fra-Latn-FR: procès [m] fra-Latn-FR: composant [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 過程 jpn-Jpan-JP: 構材 jpn-Hrkt-JP: か↑てい jpn-Hrkt-JP: こ↓うざい rus-Cyrl-RU: проце́сс rus-Cyrl-RU: соста́вная часть
calculation of heat capacity heat capacity; amount of heat; temperature
calculation of ideal gas law pressure; volume; temperature; amount of substance; ideal gas constant

Statistical Mechanics[edit | edit source]

eng-Latn-US: process eng-Latn-US: constituent cmn-Hans-CN: 过程 cmn-Hans-CN: 构件 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: guòchéng cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gòujiàn deu-Latn-DE: Prozess [m] deu-Latn-DE: Bestandteil [m] fra-Latn-FR: procès [m] fra-Latn-FR: composant [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 過程 jpn-Jpan-JP: 構材 jpn-Hrkt-JP: か↑てい jpn-Hrkt-JP: こ↓うざい rus-Cyrl-RU: проце́сс rus-Cyrl-RU: соста́вная часть
calculation of Gibbs free energy Gibbs free energy; enthalpy; thermodynamic temperature; entropy
calculation of Helmholtz free energy Helmholtz free energy; internal energy; thermodynamic temperature; entropy

Related Free Educational Resources[edit | edit source]

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