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Multiple-languages Language Multiple-languages Vocabulary: Thermodynamics

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eng-Latn-US: concept eng-Latn-US: prerequisite cmn-Hans-CN: 概念 cmn-Hans-CN: 前提 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gàiniàn cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: qiántí deu-Latn-DE: Begriff [m] deu-Latn-DE: Voraussetzung [f] fra-Latn-FR: concept [m] fra-Latn-FR: préalable [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 概念 jpn-Jpan-JP: 前提 jpn-Hrkt-JP: が↓いねん jpn-Hrkt-JP: ぜ↑んてい rus-Cyrl-RU: конце́пция rus-Cyrl-RU: предпосы́лка
theormodynamics 热力学 rè lìxué Thermodynamik [f] thermodynamique [f] 熱力学 ね↑つりき↓がく термодина́мика
classical thermodynamics 经典热力学 jīngdiǎn rèlìxué klassische Thermodynamik thermodynamique [f] classique 古典熱力学 こ↑てんねつりき↓がく класси́ческая термодина́мика
statistical mechanics 统计力学 tǒngjì lìxué statistische Mechanik physique [f] statistique 統計力学 と↑うけいりき↓がく статисти́ческая меха́ника, статисти́ческая термодина́мика
chemical thermodynamics 化学热力学 huàxué rèlìxué chemische Thermodynamik thermodynamique [f] chimique 化学熱力学 か↑がくねつりき↓がく хими́ческая термодина́мика
quantum thermodynamics 量子热力学 liàngzǐ rèlìxué Quantenthermodynamik [f] thermodynamique [f] quantique 量子熱力学 りょ↓うしね↑つりき↓がく ква́нтовой термодина́мики
non-equilibrium thermodynamics 非平衡态热力学 fēi pínghéngtài rèlìxué Nichtgleichgewichtsthermodynamik [f] thermodynamique [f] hors équilibre 非平衡熱力学 ひ↑へいこうねつりき↓がく неравнове́сная термодина́мика

Classical Thermodynamics[edit | edit source]

eng-Latn-US: concept eng-Latn-US: prerequisite cmn-Hans-CN: 概念 cmn-Hans-CN: 前提 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gàiniàn cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: qiántí deu-Latn-DE: Begriff [m] deu-Latn-DE: Voraussetzung [f] fra-Latn-FR: concept [m] fra-Latn-FR: préalable [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 概念 jpn-Jpan-JP: 前提 jpn-Hrkt-JP: が↓いねん jpn-Hrkt-JP: ぜ↑んてい rus-Cyrl-RU: конце́пция rus-Cyrl-RU: предпосы́лка
absolute zero temperature; particle
absorption refrigerator refrigeration
adiabatic process thermodynamic process
Carnot heat engine Carnot cycle; heat engine
Carnot cycle thermodynamic cycle
Carnot's theorem, Carnot's rule heat engine
Clausius theorem thermal reservoir; thermodynamic cycle
coefficient of performance heat pump cycle; thermodynamic work; energy
conjugate variables
enthalpy internal energy; pressure; volume
entropy work <mechanics>; energy
equation of state thermodynamic equation
first law of thermodynamics law of conservation of energy <mechanics>; thermodynamic process; isolated system; energy; work
free expansion, Joule expansion irreversible process; volume
fundamental thermodynamic relation internal energy; thermodynamic temperature; entropy; pressure; volume
heat pump mechanical energy; mechanical work
heat energy
heat engine mechanical energy; mechanical work
ideal gas point particle
ideal gas law, general gas equation equation of state; ideal gas
internal energy thermodynamic system; energy; entropy; volume; particle number
irreversible process thermodynamic process
isentropic process adiabatic process; reversible process
isenthalpic process thermodynamic process; enthalpy
isobaric process thermodynamic process; closed system
isochoric process, constant-volume process, isovolumetric process, isometric process thermodynamic process; closed system
isothermal process thermodynamic process; closed system
Kelvin scale thermodynamic temperature; scale of temperature
particle number, number of particles thermodynamic system; particle
perpetual motion machine laws of thermodynamics
polytropic index polytropic process
polytropic process thermodynamic process
pressure–volume diagram thermodynamic diagram; pressure; volume
quasi-static process, quasi-equilibrium process thermodynamic process; thermodynamic equilibrium
refrigerant refrigeration
refrigeration cooling
scale of temperature temperature
temperature
temperature–entropy diagram thermodynamic diagram; thermodynamic temperature; entropy
thermal convection, convective heat transfer heat transfer
thermal efficiency thermal energy
thermal energy enthalpy; heat
phase transition physical change
process function, path function thermodynamic process
real gas ideal gas law
reversible process thermodynamic process
reversed Carnot cycle Carnot cycle
second law of thermodynamics entrophy; thermodynamic system; spontaneous process; thermodynamic equilibrium; thermodynamic free energy
state function, function of state, point function state variable <control theory>
Stirling engine reciprocating engine
thermal conduction heat transfer
thermal radiation electromagnetic radiation; kinetic theory of gases; matter
thermodynamic cycle thermodynamic process
thermodynamic diagram thermodynamic state
thermodynamic free energy work; thermodynamic system
thermodynamic potential energy, thermodynamic potential scalar
thermodynamic process thermodynamic system
thermodynamic state thermodynamic system; time
thermodynamic square, thermodynamic wheel, Guggenheim scheme, Born square conjugate variables
thermodynamic system
thermodynamic temperature temperature
third law of thermodynamics entropy; absolute zero
vapor-compression refrigeration intensive property, phase transition
volume intensive property
zeroth law of thermodynamics thermodynamic system; thermal equilibrium

Statistical Mechanics[edit | edit source]

eng-Latn-US: concept eng-Latn-US: prerequisite cmn-Hans-CN: 概念 cmn-Hans-CN: 前提 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gàiniàn cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: qiántí deu-Latn-DE: Begriff [m] deu-Latn-DE: Voraussetzung [f] fra-Latn-FR: concept [m] fra-Latn-FR: préalable [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 概念 jpn-Jpan-JP: 前提 jpn-Hrkt-JP: が↓いねん jpn-Hrkt-JP: ぜ↑んてい rus-Cyrl-RU: конце́пция rus-Cyrl-RU: предпосы́лка
Gibbs free energy, Gibbs energy thermodynamic potential
equation of state thermodynamic equation; pressure; volume; thermodynamic temperature; internal energy
grand canonical ensemble, macrocanonical ensemble statistical ensemble
grand potential, Landau free energy, Landau energy internal energy; thermodynamic temperature; entropy; chemical potential; particle number; pressure; volume
Helmholtz free energy, Helmholtz energy isothermal process
kinetic theory of gases gas; particle number
Landau free energy, Landau potential
Maxwell relations symmetry of second derivatives <mathematical analysis>, thermodynamic potential
specific enthalpy enthalpy, mass
thermodynamic limit, macroscopic limit particle number; volume
thermodynamic potential thermodynamic state; scalar

Chemical Thermodynamics[edit | edit source]

eng-Latn-US: concept eng-Latn-US: prerequisite cmn-Hans-CN: 概念 cmn-Hans-CN: 前提 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gàiniàn cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: qiántí deu-Latn-DE: Begriff [m] deu-Latn-DE: Voraussetzung [f] fra-Latn-FR: concept [m] fra-Latn-FR: préalable [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 概念 jpn-Jpan-JP: 前提 jpn-Hrkt-JP: が↓いねん jpn-Hrkt-JP: ぜ↑んてい rus-Cyrl-RU: конце́пция rus-Cyrl-RU: предпосы́лка
chemical potential chemical species; energy; phase transition

Quantum Thermodynamics[edit | edit source]

eng-Latn-US: concept eng-Latn-US: prerequisite cmn-Hans-CN: 概念 cmn-Hans-CN: 前提 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gàiniàn cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: qiántí deu-Latn-DE: Begriff [m] deu-Latn-DE: Voraussetzung [f] fra-Latn-FR: concept [m] fra-Latn-FR: préalable [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 概念 jpn-Jpan-JP: 前提 jpn-Hrkt-JP: が↓いねん jpn-Hrkt-JP: ぜ↑んてい rus-Cyrl-RU: конце́пция rus-Cyrl-RU: предпосы́лка

Equilibrium Thermodynamics[edit | edit source]

eng-Latn-US: concept eng-Latn-US: prerequisite cmn-Hans-CN: 概念 cmn-Hans-CN: 前提 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gàiniàn cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: qiántí deu-Latn-DE: Begriff [m] deu-Latn-DE: Voraussetzung [f] fra-Latn-FR: concept [m] fra-Latn-FR: préalable [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 概念 jpn-Jpan-JP: 前提 jpn-Hrkt-JP: が↓いねん jpn-Hrkt-JP: ぜ↑んてい rus-Cyrl-RU: конце́пция rus-Cyrl-RU: предпосы́лка

Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics[edit | edit source]

eng-Latn-US: concept eng-Latn-US: prerequisite cmn-Hans-CN: 概念 cmn-Hans-CN: 前提 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gàiniàn cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: qiántí deu-Latn-DE: Begriff [m] deu-Latn-DE: Voraussetzung [f] fra-Latn-FR: concept [m] fra-Latn-FR: préalable [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 概念 jpn-Jpan-JP: 前提 jpn-Hrkt-JP: が↓いねん jpn-Hrkt-JP: ぜ↑んてい rus-Cyrl-RU: конце́пция rus-Cyrl-RU: предпосы́лка

800px-Carnot heat engine 2.svg.png

* Appendix *[edit | edit source]

Adjective & Adjective Phrase; Verb & Verb Phrase[edit | edit source]

eng-Latn-US: concept eng-Latn-US: prerequisite cmn-Hans-CN: 概念 cmn-Hans-CN: 前提 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gàiniàn cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: qiántí deu-Latn-DE: Begriff [m] deu-Latn-DE: Voraussetzung [f] fra-Latn-FR: concept [m] fra-Latn-FR: préalable [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 概念 jpn-Jpan-JP: 前提 jpn-Hrkt-JP: が↓いねん jpn-Hrkt-JP: ぜ↑んてい rus-Cyrl-RU: конце́пция rus-Cyrl-RU: предпосы́лка

Symbol[edit | edit source]

Classical Thermodynamics[edit | edit source]

symbol eng-Latn-US: concept cmn-Hans-CN: 概念 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gàiniàn deu-Latn-DE: Begriff [m] fra-Latn-FR: concept [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 概念 jpn-Hrkt-JP: が↓いねん rus-Cyrl-RU: конце́пция
C heat capacity
Cp isobaric heat capacity
CV isochoric heat capacity
d, Δ change
H enthalpy
I thermal intensity
L specific latent heat
M molar mass
m mass
N particle number
NA Avogadro constant
n mole number
P, p pressure
p volumetric mass density; thermal conduction rate
Q heat
QL latent heat
q vapor quality
q heat flux density
R gas constant
S entropy
T thermodynamic temperature
U internal energy
V volume
W work
α coefficient of thermal expansion
γ, κ heat capacity ratio
δ infinitesimal change
Φ Massieu potential
Ξ Planck potential

Statistical Mechanics[edit | edit source]

symbol eng-Latn-US: concept cmn-Hans-CN: 概念 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gàiniàn deu-Latn-DE: Begriff [m] fra-Latn-FR: concept [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 概念 jpn-Hrkt-JP: が↓いねん rus-Cyrl-RU: конце́пция
A, F Helmholtz free energy
cp specific heat capacity
G Gibbs free energy
kB Boltzmann constant
ΦG, Ω grand potential

Chemical Thermodynamics[edit | edit source]

symbol eng-Latn-US: concept cmn-Hans-CN: 概念 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gàiniàn deu-Latn-DE: Begriff [m] fra-Latn-FR: concept [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 概念 jpn-Hrkt-JP: が↓いねん rus-Cyrl-RU: конце́пция
Qr reaction quotient
a thermodynamic activity
μ chemical potential

Process[edit | edit source]

eng-Latn-US: process eng-Latn-US: constituent cmn-Hans-CN: 过程 cmn-Hans-CN: 构件 cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: guòchéng cmn-Latn.Pinyin-CN: gòujiàn deu-Latn-DE: Prozess [m] deu-Latn-DE: Bestandteil [m] fra-Latn-FR: procès [m] fra-Latn-FR: composant [m] jpn-Jpan-JP: 過程 jpn-Jpan-JP: 構材 jpn-Hrkt-JP: か+てい jpn-Hrkt-JP: こ+うざい rus-Cyrl-RU: проце́сс rus-Cyrl-RU: соста́вная часть
calculation of Gibbs free energy Gibbs free energy; enthalpy; thermodynamic temperature; entropy
calculation of Helmholtz free energy Helmholtz free energy; internal energy; thermodynamic temperature; entropy

Related Free Educational Resources[edit | edit source]

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