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Spanish Language Spanish Grammar: «Use the letters V and B»

From Polyglot Club WIKI

< Language‎ | Spanish‎ | Grammar
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B and V in Spanish.png

Spanish is a language which sounds as it is written and is written as it sounds.

The letters "b" and "v" are pronounced exactly the same in Spanish.

Therefore it is common for Spanish-speakers to write "v" instead of "b" or "b" instead of "v".

Here are some rules to teach you how to use those letters correctly.

"b" before another consonant[edit | edit source]

  • Examples: libro, amable, subterráneo, obsequio.


"b" Before "m" and "p"[edit | edit source]

  • Examples: embajador, empezar

"v" after "n" and "d"[edit | edit source]

  • Examples: enviar, adversario, subvención.

"b" with words starting or ending with "bio"[edit | edit source]

  • Examples: biografía, biología, anfibio.


"b" for words ending with "bilidad" (except: "movilidad" and "civilidad")[edit | edit source]

  • Examples: responsabilidad, amabilidad.


"b" for terminations of the past imperfect indicative (1st conjugation) and preterite imperfect indicative of the verb "ir"[edit | edit source]

  • Examples: amábamos, cantabáis, alzaba, iba, ibas, íbamos.


"v" for all compound words of the verb "venir"[edit | edit source]

  • Examples: convenir, prevenir.

Contributors

Vincent and Acuariano

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