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Hello Arabic learners! ๐ŸŒ

In today's lesson, we will dive into the fascinating world of subject pronouns in Standard Arabic. This essential aspect of grammar will help you build a strong foundation for your Arabic language journey. ๐Ÿ“š

As you progress in your studies, don't forget to explore other related topics that will enrich your understanding of Standard Arabic grammar. You can learn about the imperative form, which is crucial for giving commands and making requests. Additionally, mastering the future tense will enable you to express your plans and aspirations in Arabic. And finally, don't miss out on understanding the use of definite and indefinite articles to enhance your reading and writing skills.

Happy learning, and enjoy your journey through the beautiful world of Standard Arabic! ๐Ÿš€

Pronouns[edit | edit source]

The Arabic language has subject pronouns for males and females as following:

I[edit | edit source]

  • I: pronounced as " Ana" it's equal for male and female. it's written as ุฃู†ุง

You[edit | edit source]

  • You (masc) = ุฃู†ุช = anta
  • You (fem) = ุฃู†ุช = anti
  • You (dual) = ุฃู†ุชู…ุง = antuma
  • You (plural, masc) = ุฃู†ุชู… = antum
  • You (plural, fem) = ุฃู†ุชู† = antunna

We[edit | edit source]

  • We: pronounced as "nahno" for both males and females. it's written as ู†ุญู†

He/She[edit | edit source]

  • He: pronounced as "Hoowa" it's written as ู‡ูˆ
  • She: pronounced as "Heya" it's written as ู‡ู‰

They[edit | edit source]

  • They (dual) = ู‡ู…ุง = humma
  • They (plural,masc) = ู‡ู… = hom
  • They (plural,fem) = ู‡ู† = hunna

Use[edit | edit source]

In arabic they are frequently dropped except in the equational (verbless) sentences like:

  • I'm happy = ุฃู†ุง ุณุนูŠุฏ
  • I'm from ูŽAlgeria = ุฃู†ุง ู…ู† ุงู„ุฌุฒุงุฆุฑ
  • I am from the US = ุฃู†ุง ู…ู† ุฃู…ุฑูŠูƒุง (ana min amriika)
  • He is from Egypt = ู‡ู€ู€ูˆ ู…ู† ู…ู€ูุตุฑ
  • He is an engineer. = ู‡ูˆ ู…ู‡ู†ุฏุณ (howwa mohandis)

Subject pronouns in standard and Egyptian Arabic[edit | edit source]

  English Standard Arabic Egyptian Arabic
Singular I
ุฃู†ุง (ana)
you (masc.) ุงู†ุชูŽ (anta) ุงู†ุช (inta)
you (fem.) ุงู†ุชู (anti) ุงู†ุชู‰ (inti)
ู‡ูˆ (howwa)
ู‡ูŠ (heyya)
Dual we ู†ุญู† (naHnu)  
you ุฃู†ุชู…ุง (antuma)  
they ู‡ู…ุง (humaa)  
Plural we ู†ุญู† (naHnu) ุงุญู†ุง (eHna)
you (masc.) ุฃู†ุชู… (antum) ุงู†ุชูˆ (intu)
you (fem.) ุฃู†ุชู† (antunna)
they (masc.) ู‡ู… (homa) ู‡ู… (homa)
they (fem.) ู‡ู† (hunna)

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