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◀️ Numbers 1-10 — Previous Lesson Next Lesson — Plural Nouns ▶️

BashkirVocabulary0 to A1 Course → Numbers and Time → Telling Time

Introduction[edit | edit source]

In this lesson, we will delve into the fascinating world of telling time in Bashkir. Understanding how to express time is a vital skill in any language, and Bashkir is no exception. By the end of this lesson, you will be able to confidently read and tell time in Bashkir, including hours, minutes, and common time expressions.

We will start by learning the basic vocabulary related to time, including the names of the hours and minutes. Then, we will explore the different ways to express time, whether it's a specific hour, a quarter past, or half past. We will also touch upon the 24-hour clock system used in Bashkir-speaking regions.

To reinforce your understanding, we will provide numerous examples and exercises throughout the lesson. Additionally, we will include cultural insights and anecdotes related to time in Bashkir culture. By incorporating real-life scenarios and practical examples, you will have a well-rounded understanding of telling time in Bashkir.

Let's dive in and discover the intricate world of telling time in the Bashkir language!

Vocabulary[edit | edit source]

To begin, let's familiarize ourselves with the Bashkir vocabulary for numbers and time-related words. These words will be essential in forming time expressions and understanding the examples we will explore later.

Numbers[edit | edit source]

Numbers play a crucial role in expressing time. Let's start by learning the Bashkir numbers from 1 to 10:

Bashkir Pronunciation English
бер (ber) бер one
ике (ike) ике two
өч (öch) өч three
дүрт (dürt) дүрт four
биш (bish) биш five
алты (alty) алты six
уғы (uğı) уғы seven
сегез (segez) сегез eight
туғыз (tuğız) туғыз nine
он (on) он ten

Time-related Words[edit | edit source]

Now, let's explore the Bashkir vocabulary for time-related words:

Bashkir Pronunciation English
сәгәт (sägät) сәгәт hour
минут (minut) минут minute
секунд (sekund) секунд second
там (tam) там time
көн (köñ) көн day
аптаның (aptanıñ) аптаның week
ай (ay) ай month
жыл (jıl) жыл year

Now that we have familiarized ourselves with the necessary vocabulary, let's move on to understanding how to tell time in Bashkir.

Telling Time[edit | edit source]

Telling time in Bashkir involves combining the vocabulary we have just learned with additional time expressions. Let's first start with the basic structure of expressing time in Bashkir.

The general structure to express time in Bashkir is:

[Hour] + [Minutes] + [Time Expression]

Hours[edit | edit source]

To express the hours, we use the Bashkir numbers we learned earlier. For example:

  • 1 hour = бер сәгәт (ber sägät)
  • 2 hours = ике сәгәт (ike sägät)
  • 3 hours = өч сәгәт (öch sägät)
  • 4 hours = дүрт сәгәт (dürt sägät)

Minutes[edit | edit source]

To express the minutes, we also use the Bashkir numbers. However, there are some exceptions and variations. Let's take a look at the different patterns:

  • For minutes from 1 to 9, we use the respective Bashkir number followed by the word "минут" (minut). For example:
 * 1 minute = бер минут (ber minut)
 * 2 minutes = ике минут (ike minut)
 * 3 minutes = өч минут (öch minut)
 * 4 minutes = дүрт минут (dürt minut)
  • For minutes from 10 to 19, we use the word "минут" (minut) followed by the specific number. For example:
 * 10 minutes = минут он (minut on)
 * 11 minutes = минут бер (minut ber)
 * 12 minutes = минут ике (minut ike)
 * 15 minutes = минут биш (minut bish)
  • For minutes from 20 to 59, we use the word "минут" (minut) followed by the tens and ones digits separated by the word "уғы" (uğı). For example:
 * 20 minutes = минут уғы биш (minut uğı bish)
 * 25 minutes = минут уғы биш уғы бер (minut uğı bish uğı ber)
 * 30 minutes = минут уғы от (minut uğı ot)
 * 45 minutes = минут уғы дүрт уғы биш (minut uğı dürt uğı bish)

Time Expressions[edit | edit source]

To complete the expression of time, we use time expressions that indicate whether it is past, to, or exactly a specific hour. Let's explore the different time expressions in Bashkir:

  • "бер сәгәттән алды" (ber sägätten aldy) - "past" or "after"
  • "бер сәгәттән сике" (ber sägätten sike) - "to" or "before"
  • "бер сәгәт" (ber sägät) - "exactly" or "at"

Now, let's put it all together and form complete time expressions in Bashkir.

Examples[edit | edit source]

Let's look at some examples of telling time in Bashkir:

  • 1:30 PM = бер сәгәт уғы от алты минут (ber sägät uğı ot alty minut)
  • 2:15 AM = ике сәгәт минут уғы биш (ike sägät minut uğı bish)
  • 7:45 PM = уғы сегез сәгәт минут уғы дүрт уғы биш (uğı segez sägät minut uğı dürt uğı bish)

As you can see from the examples, we combine the hours, minutes, and time expressions to form complete time expressions in Bashkir.

Cultural Insights[edit | edit source]

In Bashkir culture, time is highly valued and respected. Punctuality is considered essential, especially in professional and formal settings. Arriving late to a meeting or appointment is generally frowned upon.

Bashkir-speaking regions also have their unique way of telling time, especially in rural areas. For example, some people may refer to time based on the position of the sun or natural landmarks. This cultural variation adds richness and diversity to the way time is perceived and expressed in Bashkir culture.

Practice Exercises[edit | edit source]

Now it's time to put your knowledge into practice! Complete the following exercises to reinforce your understanding of telling time in Bashkir.

Exercise 1: Translate the following time expressions from English to Bashkir: 1. Quarter past 2 2. Half past 9 3. Ten minutes to 5 4. Five minutes past 7 5. Exactly 12 o'clock

Solution: 1. ике сәгәттән кирәк (ike sägätten kirek) 2. уғы туғыз сәгәт (uğı tuğız sägät) 3. биш минуттан сике от (bish minuttan sike ot) 4. биш минут алды от сегез сәгәт (bish minut aldy ot segez sägät) 5. бер сәгәт (ber sägät)

Exercise 2: Convert the following Bashkir time expressions to digital time format: 1. бер сәгәт уғы дүрт минут (ber sägät uğı dürt minut) 2. ике сәгәт минут уғы биш (ike sägät minut uğı bish) 3. уғы сегез сәгәт минут уғы дүрт уғы биш (uğı segez sägät minut uğı dürt uğı bish)

Solution: 1. 1:04 2. 2:20 3. 7:45

Conclusion[edit | edit source]

Congratulations! You have successfully completed the lesson on telling time in Bashkir. You have learned the vocabulary necessary to express time, the structure of time expressions, and cultural insights related to time in Bashkir culture. Keep practicing and applying what you have learned to reinforce your understanding.

Telling time is a crucial skill in any language, and by mastering it in Bashkir, you are one step closer to becoming proficient in the language. As you continue your language journey, remember to embrace the cultural nuances and explore the fascinating traditions of the Bashkir-speaking regions.

Keep up the great work, and see you in the next lesson!

Table of Contents - Bashkir Course - 0 to A1[edit source]

Greetings and Introductions

Pronouns and Verb To Be

Numbers and Time

Plurals and Articles

Family and Relationships

Adjectives and Adverbs

Food and Eating

Regular Verbs

Travel and Transportation

Prepositions and Conjunctions

Bashkir Customs and Traditions

Sources[edit | edit source]

Other Lessons[edit | edit source]

◀️ Numbers 1-10 — Previous Lesson Next Lesson — Plural Nouns ▶️


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