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Swedish Language Swedish Grammar: Sentense Structure

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Sentence Structure in Swedish
Sentence Structure in Swedish

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Hello everybody,

In today's lesson you will learn the ¨SENTENCE STRUCTURE¨ in Swedish

Feel free to edit this page by adding new words and expressions !

Good learning ! :)



Subject-verb-object[edit | edit source]

Each language has a particular sentence structure and they are all built up by grammatical functions:

  • Subject --> the person/animal/thing doing something
  • Verb --> what the person/animal/thing is doing
  • Object --> who/what is being affected by what the subject is doing


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Simple word order[edit | edit source]

In Swedish, the sentence structure is built with SUBJECT-VERB-OBJECT. We call it "simple word order."

Example[edit | edit source]

Jag läser en bok (I read a book)

  • To know the subject, ask yourself: Who is reading? --> "Jag", so "jag" is the subject.
  • To know the verb, ask yourself: What is "jag" doing? --> "Läser", so "läser" is the verb.
  • To know the object, ask yourself: What is being read? --> "En bok", so "en bok" is the object.


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Reversed word order[edit | edit source]

Swedish also has something called "reversed word order" which means that if something else than the subject comes first in a sentence, we have to move the verb to the second position.

Example[edit | edit source]

  • Jag läser en bok

(S) (V) (O)

  • I dag läser jag en bok (Today I read a book)

(V) (S) (O)

Do you see that "läser" and "jag" have switched places? A good tip is to think that the verb ALWAYS should be in the second position in a sentence.

Authors[edit | edit source]

Brainwashme


Subject-verb-object-Sentense-structure-Swedish.jpg

Contributors

Vincent, Brainwashme and Mastavaya


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