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Russian Vocabulary - Education

Hi Russian learners! 😊
In this lesson, we are going to learn vocabulary related to education. Education is highly valued in Russia, and there is a great emphasis on academic achievement.

Don't miss the chance to check out these pages as you wrap up this lesson: Camping & How to Say Hello and Greetings.

School System[edit | edit source]

Education in Russia is compulsory from age 6 to 15. There are three levels of education: primary, secondary and higher education. Primary education is from age 6 to 10 and consists of 4 years of education. Secondary education is from age 11 to 15 and includes two types of schools: general education schools and vocational schools, which prepare students for industrial work. Higher education is from age 16 and can be acquired in universities or institutes.

Here is some vocabulary you might hear in relation to the school system:

Russian Pronunciation English
школа shkola school
класс klass grade
учитель uchitel teacher
ученик uchenik student
оценка otsenka grade/assessment

Example dialogue:

  • У тебя какая оценка по математике? (U tebya kakaya otsenka po matematike?) - What grade do you have in math?
  • У меня тройка. (U menya troika.) - I have a C.

Universities[edit | edit source]

Higher education in Russia is highly valued and there are over 850 universities in the country. To gain admission, students must take the Unified State Exam (ЕГЭ) after finishing school. Here are some key terms you might hear:

Russian Pronunciation English
университет universitet university
факультет fakultet faculty
студент student student
профессор professor professor
декан dekan dean

Example dialogue:

  • Я учусь на факультете иностранных языков в МГУ. (Ya uchus' na fakul'tete inostrannykh yazykov v MGU.) - I study at the Faculty of Foreign Languages at Moscow State University.
  • Кто твой профессор? (Kto tvoy professor?) - Who is your professor?

Studying[edit | edit source]

In Russia, there is great emphasis on studying and academic achievement. Here are some vocabulary words and phrases you might use when talking about studying:

Russian Pronunciation English
учиться uchitsya to study
изучать izuchat' to study (to learn about)
экзамен ekzamen exam
подготовка podgotovka preparation/studying
зачет zachet pass (exam/coursework)
сессия sessiya exam period

Example dialogue:

  • Сколько времени ты учишься? (Skol'ko vremeni ty uchish'sya?) - How much time do you spend studying?
  • Я готовлюсь к экзамену. (Ya gotovlyus' k ekzamenu.) - I am preparing for the exam.

Fun Facts[edit | edit source]

- In Russia, September 1st is known as the Day of Knowledge and is celebrated as the first day of school. - The oldest university in Russia is the Lomonosov Moscow State University, founded in 1755. - Russian universities are known for their strong focus on research and theoretical learning.

To improve your Russian Vocabulary, you can also use the Polyglot Club website. Find native speakers and ask them any questions!

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