# Language/Kinyarwanda/Vocabulary/Numbers-1-10

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The Kinyarwanda Vocabulary lesson on "Numbers and Time → Numbers 1-10" is an essential part of the "Complete 0 to A1 Kinyarwanda Course." In this lesson, we will focus on learning how to count from 1 to 10 in Kinyarwanda and also explore how to form numbers 11-20. This topic is crucial because numbers are fundamental in everyday communication and understanding them will enable students to engage in basic conversations involving quantities, prices, and time.

## Introduction[edit | edit source]

Welcome to the "Numbers and Time → Numbers 1-10" lesson in our Kinyarwanda course! In this lesson, we will delve into the fascinating world of numbers in the Kinyarwanda language. We will begin by learning how to count from 1 to 10, and then we will explore how to form numbers 11-20. Along the way, we will also discover interesting cultural facts and anecdotes related to numbers in Rwanda. By the end of this lesson, you will be able to confidently use numbers in various contexts and understand the cultural significance of numbers in the Kinyarwanda-speaking community.

### Counting from 1 to 10[edit | edit source]

Let's start by learning how to count from 1 to 10 in Kinyarwanda. Numbers are an essential part of any language, and mastering them will greatly enhance your ability to communicate effectively.

Here is a table that shows the Kinyarwanda numbers from 1 to 10:

Kinyarwanda | Pronunciation | English |
---|---|---|

Imwe | Eem-weh | One |

Kabiri | Kah-bee-ree | Two |

Gatatu | Gah-tah-too | Three |

Kane | Kah-neh | Four |

Gatanu | Gah-tah-noo | Five |

Gatandatu | Gah-tahn-dah-too | Six |

Karindwi | Kah-rin-dwee | Seven |

Karindwi na kabiri | Kah-rin-dwee nah kah-bee-ree | Eight |

Karindwi na gatatu | Kah-rin-dwee nah gah-tah-too | Nine |

Karindwi na kane | Kah-rin-dwee nah kah-neh | Ten |

Now, let's practice by counting from 1 to 10 together:

- Imwe (One)
- Kabiri (Two)
- Gatatu (Three)
- Kane (Four)
- Gatanu (Five)
- Gatandatu (Six)
- Karindwi (Seven)
- Karindwi na kabiri (Eight)
- Karindwi na gatatu (Nine)
- Karindwi na kane (Ten)

Well done! You have successfully learned how to count from 1 to 10 in Kinyarwanda. Now, let's move on to forming numbers 11-20.

### Forming Numbers 11-20[edit | edit source]

Forming numbers 11-20 in Kinyarwanda is relatively straightforward. To form these numbers, we simply combine the word for the corresponding tens place with the word for the ones place. Let's take a closer look at the numbers 11-20:

Kinyarwanda | Pronunciation | English |
---|---|---|

Karindwi na rimwe | Kah-rin-dwee nah reem-weh | Eleven |

Karindwi na kabiri | Kah-rin-dwee nah kah-bee-ree | Twelve |

Karindwi na gatatu | Kah-rin-dwee nah gah-tah-too | Thirteen |

Karindwi na kane | Kah-rin-dwee nah kah-neh | Fourteen |

Karindwi na gatanu | Kah-rin-dwee nah gah-tah-noo | Fifteen |

Karindwi na gatandatu | Kah-rin-dwee nah gah-tahn-dah-too | Sixteen |

Karindwi na karindwi | Kah-rin-dwee nah kah-rin-dwee | Seventeen |

Karindwi na karindwi na kabiri | Kah-rin-dwee nah kah-rin-dwee nah kah-bee-ree | Eighteen |

Karindwi na karindwi na gatatu | Kah-rin-dwee nah kah-rin-dwee nah gah-tah-too | Nineteen |

Mirongo itanu | Mee-rohn-goh ee-tah-noo | Twenty |

Let's practice forming numbers 11-20 together:

- Karindwi na rimwe (Eleven)
- Karindwi na kabiri (Twelve)
- Karindwi na gatatu (Thirteen)
- Karindwi na kane (Fourteen)
- Karindwi na gatanu (Fifteen)
- Karindwi na gatandatu (Sixteen)
- Karindwi na karindwi (Seventeen)
- Karindwi na karindwi na kabiri (Eighteen)
- Karindwi na karindwi na gatatu (Nineteen)
- Mirongo itanu (Twenty)

Great job! You have now learned how to form numbers 11-20 in Kinyarwanda. With these foundational numbers, you are well on your way to becoming proficient in counting in Kinyarwanda.

### Cultural Insights[edit | edit source]

Numbers hold cultural significance in many societies, including Rwanda. In Rwandan culture, certain numbers are associated with specific meanings and beliefs. For example, the number seven (karindwi) is considered a sacred number in traditional Rwandan beliefs. It is believed to represent completeness and perfection.

In addition to their symbolic meanings, numbers are also used in various cultural practices and rituals. For instance, during traditional ceremonies and celebrations, specific numbers may be used to determine the order of events or the number of participants.

Understanding the cultural significance of numbers can deepen your appreciation for the language and its connection to the rich traditions of the Kinyarwanda-speaking community.

### Exercises[edit | edit source]

Now, let's put your knowledge to the test with some exercises. Practice writing and pronouncing the following numbers in Kinyarwanda:

1. Four 2. Sixteen 3. Eighteen 4. Twelve 5. Five 6. Nine 7. Twenty 8. Eleven 9. Thirteen 10. Seventeen

Solutions: 1. Kane 2. Karindwi na gatandatu 3. Karindwi na karindwi na kabiri 4. Kabiri 5. Gatanu 6. Karindwi na gatatu 7. Mirongo itanu 8. Karindwi na rimwe 9. Karindwi na gatatu 10. Karindwi na karindwi

Well done! You have successfully completed the exercises. Keep practicing to reinforce your understanding of numbers in Kinyarwanda.

In this lesson, we have covered the basics of counting from 1 to 10 and forming numbers 11-20 in Kinyarwanda. You have also gained insights into the cultural significance of numbers in Rwanda. Take your time to review the material, practice regularly, and stay curious about the language and culture. In the next lesson, we will explore how to tell time in Kinyarwanda.

## Videos[edit | edit source]

### The Sound of the Kinyarwanda language (Numbers, Greetings ...[edit | edit source]

## Sources[edit | edit source]

## Other Lessons[edit | edit source]

- Describing Relationships
- Family Members
- Eating and Drinking
- How to Say Hello and Greetings
- Fruits
- Clothes
- Drinks
- Geography
- Express Surprise
- Introducing Yourself

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