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Hola. How do I differentiate the use of ”Hay que” ”Tener que” and ”Ir a + infinitivo” in forming sentences.
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rickycom profile picture rickycom4 weeks ago

"Ir a"+ infinitvo is a way of expressing your intentions, much the way "to be going to" in English or "aller faire" in French.

Example: Este verano voy a anotarme a un curso de natación "This summer I'm going to sign up to a swimming course.

Another way to use "Ir a"+ infinitivo is to express an imminent action:

Example: " Va a salir el tren, tenemos que correr a la plataforma! " "The train is going to leave, we need to run to the platform!".

And here it comes "tener que": it's a way to express an obligation, something you need to do.

Example: "Que tengo que hacer para que tu me perdones?" means "what do i need to do in order for you to forgive me?"

"Hay que" als express an obligation, but it's more "impersonal". It's not conjugated, and it's used only in the present tense.

Example: "Hay que tener ponerse una mascarilla en los lguares públicos" means "You have to wear a face maks in public spaces". (Meaning it's an obligation for everyone).

On the contrary, if you wanted to make it an obligation for a specific person you would have said "Tu tienes que ponerte una mascarilla cuando sales de casa".