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Latin Language Latin Pronunciation: Alphabet and Pronunciation

From Polyglot Club WIKI

< Language‎ | Latin‎ | Pronunciation
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Latin Alphabet and Pronunciation
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Hello everyone 😎


In today's lesson, you will learn how to write the different letters of the Latin alphabet (classical and modern), how to pronounce these letters whether it is through the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), or through a video with the pronunciation of the letters.


You will also find at the end of this lesson a virtual keyboard to be able to type each special character of this language.





The classical Latin alphabet (Abecedarium Latinum)[edit | edit source]

The Latin alphabet or Roman alphabet is the collection of letters originally used by the ancient Romans to write the Latin language and its extensions used to write modern languages. The classical Latin alphabet has only 23 letters, and upper cases.

The following table shows the Latin alphabet and how it is pronounced in English, with some examples in Latin:


Letter Latin name (majus) Latin name Latin pronunciation (IPA) Examples
A á ā Ac [ak]: and
B beː Bellus : beautiful
C keː cesar Cesar
D deː duo : two
E é ē Epistula : letter
F ef ef ɛf Facilis : easy
G ɡeː Ego : i.me
H haː Hospitis : host
I í ī Iam : already
K kaː Kalo : proclaim
L el el ɛl Laetus : joyful,glad
M em em ɛm Māgnus : great
N en en ɛn Nātus : son
O ó ō Oculus : eye
P peː Puella [pu'el.la] : girl
Q qv́ kuː Aqua : water
R er er ɛr Recēns : fresh
S es es ɛs Sacer : holy
T teː Tener : young
V ū Verbum [wer'bum] : word
X ix ix iks Ex : out of
Y í graeca ī Graeca iː ˈɡraɪka Yarda : yard
Z zéta zēta ˈdzeːta Zebra : zebra
  • NB : Latin is a phonetic language so the word sounds exactly like how it's written and every letters in a word is sounded.

The modern Latin Alphabet[edit | edit source]

The modern Latin alphabet is a bicameral alphabet with twenty-six base letters, mainly used to write the languages of Western Europe, Northern Europe and Central Europe, as well as the languages of many countries that have been exposed to a strong European influence, notably through the European colonization of the Americas, Africa and Oceania.


LETTERS IN LATIN PRONUNCIATION (ENGLISH SPEAKERS PRONUNCIATION)
A ah
B b
CA / CO / CU kah / kou / koo
CE / CI cheh / chih
D d
E eh
F f
G g
H no shound
I ih
J j
K k
L l
M m
N n
O oh
P p
Q q
R r
S s
T t
U ou
V v / ou
W ou
X ks
Y y
Z z

Videos[edit | edit source]

Consonants (pronunciation)[edit | edit source]

Vowels (pronunciation)[edit | edit source]


Latin Online Virtual Keyboard[edit | edit source]

Contributors

Vincent and Marianth


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