Language/Finnish/Pronunciation/Alphabet-and-Pronunciation

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Finnish-alphabet.jpg


Hei!

I'll try to tell you about pronunciation of Finnish.

In common, it's easier than English writing/reading system. You read words precisely as they are written. But there are also some vital details you should always remember.

Alphabet[edit | edit source]

The alphabet in Finnish is composed of 29 letters:

a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, p, q, r, s, t, u, v, w, x, y, z, å, ä, ö.

The letters š and ž can occur only in loan words.

Letter Pronunciation
A a [a:]
B b [be:]
C c [se:]
D d [de:]
E e [e:]
F f [æf]
G g [ge:]
H h [ho:]
I i [i:]
J j [ji:]
K k [ko:]
L l [æl]
M m [æm]
N n [æn]
O o [o:]
P p [pe:]
Q q [ku:]
R r [ær]
S s [æs]
T t [te:]
U u [u:]
V v [ve:]
W w [ve:], [kaksoisve:]
X x [æks]
Y y [y:]
Z z [tset]
Å å [o:], [ruotsalainen o:]
Ä ä [æ:]
Ö ö [ø:]

Long and short sounds[edit | edit source]

Because Finnish uses few sounds, the length of similar sounds is important. As example - tapaan sinut "I meet you" and tapan sinut "I murder you".

ee, aa, oo, uu[edit | edit source]

So if you see ee, aa, oo, uu - read them loooong . Usual letters you read in a usual manner.

It is a bit trickier with long consonants , they are also important. Try to NOT speak them as two discrete k-k, t-t etc. Try instead :

  • Set your mouth as if you are ready to say it.
  • Take a very short pause.
  • Say the sound - but strongly.

Congratulations, you've done it! :)

Perhaps it would be good if you train a bit with kk, pp, tt.

mm, ss, rr, nn, ll[edit | edit source]

Sounds mm, ss, rr, nn, ll don't need such an articulation, just say them a bit longer.

Ä, Y, Ö[edit | edit source]

Ä, Y, Ö are authentic for Finnish.

  • Ä resembles "cAt" or "bAd" in English.
  • Y resembles German Über or French vU
  • Ö resembles the same sound in German


Video: how to pronounce each letter of the Finnish Alphabet[edit | edit source]


Finnish Online Virtual Keyboard[edit | edit source]


Authors[edit | edit source]

Alexofwermland


Contributors

87.92.174.96 and Vincent


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