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(Overseas territories)
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== Overseas territories ==
 
== Overseas territories ==
 
There are many French overseas territories, located all over the world. They are :
 
There are many French overseas territories, located all over the world. They are :
* Saint-Barthélémy and Saint-Martin, two islands next to Caribbean Sea.
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* Saint-Barthélémy and Saint-Martin, two islands next to Caribbean Sea. Saint-Martin is split into 2 countries : the North belongs to France and the South to the Netherlands.
 
* Clipperton, an uninhabited island, 4000km far from the nearest inhabited place, in Pacific Ocean. It expands the French EEZ.
 
* Clipperton, an uninhabited island, 4000km far from the nearest inhabited place, in Pacific Ocean. It expands the French EEZ.
 
* French Polynesia, in the Pacific Ocean, is the hugest French archipelago including hundreds of islands. It has its own government but belongs to France. The main island is Tahiti.  
 
* French Polynesia, in the Pacific Ocean, is the hugest French archipelago including hundreds of islands. It has its own government but belongs to France. The main island is Tahiti.  
 
* Wallis and Futuna, 2 small islands located in the Pacific Ocean.
 
* Wallis and Futuna, 2 small islands located in the Pacific Ocean.
* New Caledonia, a big island next to Vanuatu and Australia. A referendum for indépendance has been voted in 2017, but people mostly said 'no'.
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* New Caledonia, a big island next to Vanuatu and Australia. A referendum for independance has been voted in 2017, but people mostly said 'no'.
  
 
=== TAAF ===
 
=== TAAF ===

Latest revision as of 16:54, 9 November 2019

Introduction[edit | edit source]

France is not just France. There are also many oversea regions, covering 5 continents and tens of time zones. You probably don't know them, but, even these regions are quite autonomous, they are entirely part of France.

Metropolitan France[edit | edit source]

Metropolitan France is de facto including 96 '

départements' and 22 regions, but officially 13 since 2016 that not many people consider. The 22 regions are :

  • Aquitaine, Poitou-Charentes, Limousin which have merged into Nouvelle-Aquitaine (South-West)
  • Languedoc-Roussillon, Midi-Pyrénées which have merged into Occitanie (South-Center)
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'Azur (South-East)
  • Auvergne, Rhône-Alpes which merged into Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes (East-Center)
  • Corsica (Extreme South-East, the only region which is an island)
  • Burgundy, Franche-Comté which merged into Burgundy-Franche-Comté (East-Center)
  • Centre, renamed into Centre-Val-de-Loire (Center)
  • Pays-de-la-Loire (West-Center)
  • Brittany (North-West)
  • Île-de-France (Center, region of Paris)
  • Lower Normandy and Higher Normandy which have merged into Normandy (North-Center)
  • Champagne-Ardenne, Lorraine and Alsace which have merged into Grand Est (North-East)
  • Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Picardy which have merged into Hauts-de-France (North)

Overseas 'départements'[edit | edit source]

There are actually 6 overseas 'départements', 4 in America and 2 in Africa. Their particularity is that they are both regions and 'départements'. They have more autonomy than the 'départements' of the Metropolitan France but lesser than the French overseas territories. They are :

America[edit | edit source]

  • Guadeloupe : An island between Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea, and next to Martinique.
  • Martinique : An island between Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea, and next to Guadeloupe.
  • Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon : A very small land near Atlantic Ocean and Québec Province in Canada.
  • French Guyana : The biggest French 'département', where the European Lancement Rocket Base is located. It makes France have common borders with Brazil and Surinam.

Africa[edit | edit source]

  • Réunion : A volcanic island, the most populated of French overseas 'départements', with around 1M inhabitants, located next to Madagascar and Mayotte.
  • Mayotte : A small island located next to Madagascar and La Réunion.

Overseas territories[edit | edit source]

There are many French overseas territories, located all over the world. They are :

  • Saint-Barthélémy and Saint-Martin, two islands next to Caribbean Sea. Saint-Martin is split into 2 countries : the North belongs to France and the South to the Netherlands.
  • Clipperton, an uninhabited island, 4000km far from the nearest inhabited place, in Pacific Ocean. It expands the French EEZ.
  • French Polynesia, in the Pacific Ocean, is the hugest French archipelago including hundreds of islands. It has its own government but belongs to France. The main island is Tahiti.
  • Wallis and Futuna, 2 small islands located in the Pacific Ocean.
  • New Caledonia, a big island next to Vanuatu and Australia. A referendum for independance has been voted in 2017, but people mostly said 'no'.

TAAF[edit | edit source]

The 'Terres australes et antarctiques françaises' (French Austral and Antarctic Territories) are 5 lands, islands or archipelagos next to Indian Ocean, inhabited by a total of 140 people, but giving to France an EEZ of 2,7M square kilometres. They are :

  • Crozet Archipelago (18 inhabitants) is an island next to Antarctica.
  • Terre Adélie is a territory in Antarctica which is almost as big as Metropolitan France, and on which are living around scientists.
  • Kerguelen Islands are inhabited by around 50 people and are located next to Antarctica.
  • Saint-Paul and the New-Amsterdam are 2 islands in the Indian Ocean inhabited by around 30 people.
  • 'Les îles Éparses' are 5 uninhabited islands between Mozambique and Madagascar.