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< Language‎ | Mandarin-chinese‎ | Vocabulary
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In Chinese, in order to specify a certain number of something, you combine a number with a '''measure word''' or '''classifier''', followed by the noun.
 
In Chinese, in order to specify a certain number of something, you combine a number with a '''measure word''' or '''classifier''', followed by the noun.
  
You need to know the right measure word when asking a "how much/many?" question using "jǐ 几".
+
You need to know the right measure word when asking a "how much/many?" question using "jǐ 几".  
  
 
Below is a comprehensive list of Chinese measure words and how to use them.
 
Below is a comprehensive list of Chinese measure words and how to use them.

Revision as of 13:13, 13 July 2019

Chinese-measure-words-2.jpg

In Chinese, in order to specify a certain number of something, you combine a number with a measure word or classifier, followed by the noun.

You need to know the right measure word when asking a "how much/many?" question using "jǐ 几".

Below is a comprehensive list of Chinese measure words and how to use them.

Italic means uncommon.
Character Pinyin Usage or meaning Example
handful thing 一把粮食/一把糧食 a hand of grains
bān group of people, scheduled transportation 一班公交车/一班公車 a course of bus
bǎn outdated unit for wall
bān kind 一般风景/一般風景 a kind of scene
bàn segment of flower 一瓣花瓣 a segment of flower
bāo pack 一包烟/一包煙 a pack of cigarette
bào encirclement of one's two arms 一抱柴火 an armful of firewood
bēi amount of a cup 一杯咖啡 a cup of coffee
bèi time of amount 两倍收入/兩倍收入 twice income
běn book, plant 一本书/一本書 a book
笔/筆 payment, painting or calligraphy 一笔交易/一筆交易 a deal
biàn number of times of action 看一遍 look at it one time
biāo outdated, troop
bǐng thing with a handle 一柄锤子/一柄錘子 a hammer
拨/撥 group 一拨客人/一撥客人 a group of customers
step, length of a step 一步棋 a move of chess
movie, novel, vehicle, phone, ... 一部电影/一部電影 a movie
cáo groove 一槽窗户/一槽窗戶 a slot of window
册/冊 book 一册书/一冊書 a book
层/層 céng layer 一层楼/一層樓 a floor
cháng outdated length unit of 1 zhàng 4 chǐ
场/場 chǎng activity 一场比赛/一場比賽 a match, 一场地震/一場地震 an earthquake
cháng number of times 一场雨/一場雨 a rain
车/車 chē volume of a car/cart 一车粮食/一車糧食 a car/cart of food
chéng wine urn 一酲酒 an urn of wine
chóng layer, piece 三重门/三重門 three layers of door
筹/籌 chóu people 三筹好汉/三籌好漢 three heroes
出/齣 chū drama 一出戏/一齣戲 a show
chuàn string of the same things 一串葡萄 a bunch of grapes
chuáng bedding 一床被子 a quilt
锤/錘 chuí outdated monetary unit
cluster 一簇鲜花/一簇鮮花 a cluster of flowers
cuō pinch, milliliter 一撮土 a pinch of soil
zuǒ tuft 一撮头发/一撮頭髮 a tuft of hair
piece
dozen 一打铅笔/一打鉛筆 a dozen pencils
pile 一沓信纸/一沓信紙 a pile of letter paper
set 一沓杯子 a set of cups
dài amount of a sack 一袋米 a sack of rice
dàn outdated weight unit, outdated volume unit
担/擔 dàn thing beared by shoulders 一担水/一擔水 a bucket of water
dàn outdated weight unit
dāo time of cutting, 100 pieces of paper 切三刀 to cut 3 times, 一刀纸/一刀紙 100 pieces of paper
dào strip, door, meal, question, sight of intrest, ... 一道门/一道門 a door
dèng stair 十磴台阶/十磴台階 ten steps of stair
drop 一滴水 a drop of water
点/點 diǎn uncertain little amount 一点甜味/一點甜味 a little sweetness
diào outdated monetery unit of 1000 coins
叠/疊 dié stack 一叠盘子/一疊盤子 a stack of plates
顶/頂 dǐng thing with a top 一顶帽子/一頂帽子 a hat
锭/錠 dìng ingot 一锭银子/一錠銀子 an ingot of silver
栋/棟 dòng building 一栋楼/一棟樓 a building
dōu plant 一蔸草 a stick of grass
wall 一堵墙/一堵牆 a wall
duàn section 一段布 a cloth
duī heap 一堆垃圾 a heap of junk
队/隊 duì team 一队士兵/一隊士兵 a team of soldiers
对/對 duì pair 一对情侣/一對情侶 a pair of lovers
吨/噸 dūn ton, volume unit for ship of 2.83 cubic metres
dūn cluster of plants 一千墩花生 a thousand peanuts
duǒ flower, cloud 一朵花 a flower
duò pile 一垛砖/一垛磚 a pile of brircks
发/發 cartridge 一发子弹/一發子彈 a bullet
fān number of times, kind, piece, fold 别有一番天地 being another kind of world, 翻一番 to double
fàn tract of field 一畈田 a tract
fáng string of fruit, wife or concubine 一房侧室/一房側室 a side room (dweller)
fēn divided part 二分之一 1/2
fèn part 一份牛排 a steak, 一份报纸/一份報紙 a newspaper
fǒu outdated volume unit of 16 or 32 dǒu
paintiing, cloth 一幅画/一幅畫 a painting
set of thing, attitude 一副盔甲 a suit of armor, 一副笑脸/一副笑臉 a smiling face
gāi stage
竿 gān bamboo, pipe smoke 一竿烟/一竿煙 a pipe smoke
gǎn thing with a pole 一杆枪/一杆槍 a gun
volume unit of 1/10 litre, outdated untelsil for grains
个/個 universal measure word 一个人/一個人 a person, 一个场景/一個場景 a scene
gēn thing of strip shape 一根电线/一根電線 a wire
gōng outdated length unit of 1/5 chǐ
whiff, stream, band of people 一股烟/一股煙 a smoke
挂/掛 guà string 一挂鞭炮/一掛鞭炮 a string of crackers
guǎn slender cylindrical thing 一管铅笔/一管鉛筆 a pencil
guàng reel 一桄线/一桄線 a reel of string
过/過 guò number of times
号/號 hào people 几十号人/幾十號人 tens of people
round of fight 战了五十合/戰了五十合 fought 50 rounds
volume unit of 1/10 litre, outdated untelsil for grains
hóng pure water 一泓清泉 a fountain
户/戶 family 一户人家/一戶人家 a mafily
huí number of times, chapter, moment 上一回 last time
伙/夥 huǒ group of people 一伙强盗/一夥強盜 a group of robbers
huò time of changing water 洗了三和 washed three times
级/級 step, stage, head 一级人头/一級人頭 a head of man
记/記 hit on body 一记耳光/一記耳光 a slap in the face
剂/劑 decoction of medicinal ingredients 一剂药/一劑藥 a dose of medicine
jiā family, shop or enterprise, ... 一家店铺/一家店鋪 a shop
jià distance between posts, thing with posts 一架飞机/一架飛機 an aeroplane
jiān shoulder 一肩重担/一肩重擔 a shoulder burden
间/間 jiān room 一间公寓/一間公寓 an apartment
jiān decoction 一煎药/一煎藥 a decoction
jiàn affair, garment 一件事 an affair
jiǎo monetary unit of 1/10 yuán, quarter, outdated measuring vessel 屋子一角 a corner of the house
绞/絞 jiǎo skein 一绞毛线/一絞毛線 a woolen thread
觉/覺 jiào sleep 一觉/一覺 a sleep
节/節 jié section 一节比赛/一節比賽 a section of game, 一节竹子/一節竹子 a section of bamboo
jié cut piece 一截木头/一截木頭 a section of wood
jiè person with occupation (humble) 一介书生/一介書生 a scholar
届/屆 jiè term of meeting or the group of students to graduate 一届会议/一屆會議 a meeting
jīn weight unit of 500 grams
进/進 jìn layer
茎/莖 jīng thin stick 一茎草/一莖草 a stick of grass
amount of hands holding 一掬土 soil held by hands
举/舉 outdated weight unit of 3 liǎng
four bundles of seedlings
sentence 一句话/一句話 a sentence
coffin, corpse, bracket clock, ... 一具棺材 a coffin
animal power unit of number of animals pulling a tool
juǎn wad, amount of a roll 一卷钞票/一卷鈔票 a wad of banknotes
开/開 kāi karat, folds of folio
plant 一棵树/一棵樹 a tree
颗/顆 grain 一颗珍珠/一顆珍珠 a pearl
sale of food 一客冰淇淋 an ice-cream
kǒng cave, bridge, ... 一孔油井 an oil well
kǒu well, mouthful of food 一口井 a well
kòu bunch of document, thread lap 拧了三扣/擰了三扣 screwed three laps
块/塊 kuài piece, lump, colloquial yuán 一块冰/一塊冰 an ice
kǔn bundle 一捆柴 a bundle of firewood
the divided 半拉地 the half of divided land
lěi outdated weight unit
magnitude of 1/100, length unit, weight unit, acreage unit,

interest rate unit

厘米 centimetre
round small thing 一粒药/一粒藥 a pill
联/聯 lián pair 对联/對聯 couplet
两/兩 liǎng weight unit, 50 grams for now 半斤八两/半斤八兩 half jīn and eight liǎng (at the same level, idiom, derogatory)
liǎng pair of shoes
辆/輛 liàng vehicle 一辆车/一輛車 a car
liào decoction, number of times 一料药/一料藥 a decoction
liè row of the same things 一列火车/一列火車 a train
lǐng 500 pieces of paper 一令纸/一令紙 500 pieces of paper
领/領 lǐng mat 一领席/一領席 a mat
绺/綹 liǔ tuft 一绺丝线/一綹絲線 a thread
liù row 一溜房屋 a row of houses
炉/爐 heat 一炉钢/一爐鋼 a heat of steel
轮/輪 lún round thing, number of times 一轮明月/一輪明月 a round bright moon
罗/羅 luó gross
luò pile
luò stack 一摞砖/一摞磚 a pile of bricks
缕/縷 strand 一缕头发/一縷頭髮 a strand of hair
锊/鋝 lüè outdated weight unit, 6 liǎng
码/碼 thing, pile, length unit yard 一码砖/一碼磚 a pile of bricks
卖/賣 mài dish 一卖杂烩/一賣雜燴 a dish of chowder
méi piece 一枚邮票/一枚郵票 a stamp
méi crescent 一眉新月 a new moon
měi mel scale
门/門 mén cannon 一门大炮/一門大砲 a big cannon
miàn flat thing 一面镜子/一面鏡子 a mirror
miǎo time unit second, degree unit second
缗/緡 mín string of 1000 coins
míng people 一名商人 a merchant
outdated monetary unit, 100 wén
亩/畝 area unit, 1/15 hectare for now 一亩地/一畝地 1 mǔ of land
ǒu pair
pái row 一排房子 a row of houses
pài scenery, meteorology, sound, language, ... 一派胡言 nonsence
pán shop, factory, field, part of the integrated 一爿商店 a shop
盘/盤 pán plate, round of chess 一盘石磨/一盤石磨 a plate of stone mill
pāo number of times of defecation
pāo number of times of defecation
pāo number of times of defecation
pén pot, outdated volume unit 一盆花 a pot of flower
péng dishevelled thing 一蓬凤尾竹/一蓬鳳尾竹 a Bambusa multiplex
pěng double handful 一捧土 handful of soil
large thing or large amount of things 一批货物/一批貨物 a batch of goods
piān piece of writing, sheet of paper 一篇文章 an article
piàn tablet, stretch, scene 一片森林 a forest
piào ticket 一票生意 a ticket of business
piě side-falling thing 两撇眉毛/兩撇眉毛 two eyebrows
pǐn roof truss
póu grains 一抔沙子 a handful of sand
铺/鋪 mat or mattress 一铺褥子/一鋪褥子 a mattress
骑/騎 qí/jì a person with a horse 千乘万骑/千乘萬騎 thousand chariots and ten thousand cavalry
number of times, case, group, batch 一起诉讼/一起訴訟 a lawsuit
qiā amount of thumb and another finger tip
钱/錢 qián outdated weight unit mace, weight unit of 1/100 kilogram
qiāng animal 一腔猪/一腔豬 a pig
顷/頃 qǐng area unit of 2/3 hectares
丘/坵 qiū divided paddy field 一丘田/一坵田 a paddy field
躯/軀 body 一躯死尸/一軀死屍 a corpse
song 一曲歌 a song
quān loop 一圈铁丝/一圈鐵絲 a circle of wire
quán punch on body 打一拳 hit a punch
阕/闋 què lyrics 一阕词/一闋詞 a line of verse
qún group 一群天鹅/一群天鵝 a group of swans
rèn term of office 一任总统/一任總統 a president
shàn door, window 一扇门/一扇門 a door
shēn clothing on whole body 一身衣服 a set of clothing
声/聲 shēng number of times of sound 一声叹息/一聲嘆息 a sigh
shèng chariot 千乘之国/千乘之國 country with a thousand chariots
shì piece of garment
shǒu skill 一手奇招 a trick
shǒu poem, lyric, song 一首诗/一首詩 a poem
shú crop, bearing 一年三熟 three crops a year
shù bundle 一束花 a bundle of flowers
双/雙 shuāng pair 一双翅膀/一雙翅膀 a pair of wings
sōu ship 一艘船 a ship
suō shuttle, bullet clip 一梭子弹/一梭子彈 a clip of bullets
suǒ building with usage, mountain, island 一所学校/一所學校 a school
suǒ outdated length unit of 10 zhàng, length of a rope, coins on a string
丝/絲 magnitude of 1/10000 丝米/絲米 1/10000 metre
piece
台(/臺) tái drama, aparatus, ... 一台电视/一台電視 a television
抬(/擡) tái thing lifted by two people 八抬大轿/八抬大轎 eight lift sedan chair
摊/攤 tān pool 一滩水/一灘水 a pool of water
坛/壇 tán relative to altar, earthen jug 一坛佛事/一壇佛事 a Buddhism ritual
táng lesson, set 一堂课/一堂課 a lesson
tàng step, suit in drama 一趟火车/一趟火車 a course of train
tào set 一套餐具 a set of tableware
objects being carried 一提酒 wine being carried
nubmer of times
tiāo carrying pole with its load 一挑水 two barrels of water
条/條 tiáo strip, fish 一条鱼/一條魚 a fish
贴/貼 tiē plaster 一贴膏药/一貼膏藥 a plaster
tiě mixed decotion 一帖中药/一帖中藥 a dose of Chinese medicine
tíng stalk 一莛草 a stick of grass
tǐng pole
tǐng straight object 一挺机关枪/一挺機關槍 a machine gun
tōng number of times, telegram, phone call 一通电话/一通電話 a phone call
统/統 tǒng stele or timber, 1539 years
tǒng barrel 一桶水 a barrel of water
tǒng tube 一筒米 a barrel of rice
头/頭 tóu animal 一头大象/一頭大象 an elephant
团/團 tuán lump 一团毛线/一團毛線 a ball of wool
tuó block 一砣石头/一砣石頭 a stone
tuǒ outddated, length of stretched arms
弯/彎 wān curved moon 一弯明月/一彎明月 a curved bright moon
湾/灣 wān place on water
wǎn bowl, lantern 一碗水 a bowl of water
wāng pool 一汪水 a pool of water
围/圍 wéi thing can be circled, length of a circle of two arms or fingers 一围玉带/一圍玉帶 a jade belt
wěi fish 一尾鱼/一尾魚 a fish
wèi kind of medicinal herb 五味药/五味藥 five kinds of herb
wén old coin 一文钱/一文錢 a penny
窝/窩 brood 一窝小鸡/一窩小雞 a nest of chicks
length of a fist, volume of a hand
outdated length unit of 6 chǐ
table of meal 一席酒 a table of wine
袭/襲 suit, layer
xià time of the same action 点击鼠标两下/點擊滑鼠兩下 click the mouse two times
线/線 xiàn gleam 一线希望/一線希望 a glimmer of hope
xiāng volume of a box 一箱宝石/一箱寶石 a box of precious stones
响/響 xiǎng number of times of sound 双响/雙響 two times of sound
项/項 xiàng item 一项任务/一項任務 a task
xiē some, somewhat 一些人 some people
xiē number of times, moment 歇一歇 take a break
xún urging guests to drink 酒过三巡/酒過三巡 after three times of persuading to drink
浔/潯 xún depth unit fathom
yǎn well 一眼井 a well
样/樣 yàng kind 多样/多樣 diverse
yǐn outdated length unit, 10 zhàng
turn 绕树三匝/繞樹三匝 around the tree three turns
bunch 一扎钱/一扎錢 a bunch of cash
载/載 zài capacity of a cart, 40 liǎng
zāo time of encounter 走一遭 go a time
zào number of times of harvest
则/則 article 一则公告/一則公告 an annoncement
zhǎ length of spreaded thumb and middle finger tips
盏/盞 zhǎn lamp, lantern 一盏灯/一盞燈 a lamp
张/張 zhāng piece of paper, table, chair, mouth, bow, ... 一张明信片/一張明信片 a postcard
zhāng movement of a song, chapter, tree
zhàng length unit, 10/3 metre for now 万丈深渊/萬丈深淵 ten thousand zhàng depth abyss
帧/幀 zhēn piece of picture 一帧油画/一幀油畫 an oil painting
zhī rod, team, song, wattage of bulb 一支钢笔/一支鋼筆 a pen
只/隻 zhī animal, wing, ... 一只老虎/一隻老虎 a tiger
zhī sprig, rod 一枝月桂 a laurel
纸/紙 zhǐ sheet of paper 一纸空文/一紙空文 an invalid paper
zhì decade
zhōng handleless small cup 一盅酒 a little cup of wine
钟/锺 zhōng handleless small cup, outdated volumn unit
荮/葤 zhòu ware bundled with grass 一荮盘子/一荮盤子 a bundle of plates
zhū plant 一株树/一株樹 a tree
铢/銖 zhū outdated weight unit, outdated monetary unit, monetary unit baht
zhù gambling capital, payment, rain 一注钱/一注錢 a note of money
zhù lit incense 一炷香 a lit incense
转/轉 zhuàn rotation, number of times 每分钟300转/每分鐘300轉 300 rounds per minute
zhuǎn number of times about promotion
庄/莊 zhuāng matter
桩/樁 zhuāng matter 一桩案件/一樁案件 a case
zhuàng/chuáng building 一幢大楼/一幢大樓 a large building
锱/錙 outdated weight unit
zōng matter 一宗诉讼/一宗訴訟 a lawsuit
综/綜 zōng tuft 一综线/一綜線 a tuft of line
组/組 set, bundle 一组发电机/一組發電機 a set of generator, 一组线/一組線 a bundle of line
zūn idol, cannon, cup of wine 一尊大炮/一尊大砲 a cannon
zuò big and not movable thing 一座山 a mountain

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