French/Grammar/Nouns

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Les-noms-en-francais.jpg

A noun is a word representing a person, a place or a thing. In French, all nouns have a gender masculine or feminine.

In this lesson, we will explain how to form the masculine, feminine and plural of nouns.


Masculine

Feminine

un ami (a friend)

une amie (a friend)

un acteur (an actor)

une actrice (an actress)

un musicien (a musician)

une musicienne (a musician)

un boulanger (a baker)

une boulangère (a baker)

le détective (the detective)

la détective (the detective)

le professeur (the professor)

la professeur (the professor)

In French the masculine and feminine nouns differ. different articles and adjectives are also used.

Countries ending in "-e" are feminine (except "le Mexique") : - le Portugal, le Brésil... - la France, l'Espagne, l'Argentine...

The feminine is generally formed by adding -e to the male, and in some cases other letters or accents are added.

Sometimes, there are different nouns for male and female forms. Some professions are used only in men :

Examples[edit | edit source]

Singular

Plural

le château (castle)

les châteaux (castles)

le cheval (horse)

les chevaux (horses)

le bus (the bus)

les bus (buses)

le nez (nose)

les nez (noses)

les gens (people)

Noun singular and plural[edit | edit source]

un livre (a book) des livres (books)

The plural is generally formed by adding -s to the singular.

Some nouns have special plural, according to the termination: -eau becomes -eaux -al becomes -aux -s remains the same -s -z remains the same -z

Some nouns have no singular form

Examples[edit | edit source]

Singular

Plural

le château (castle)

les châteaux (castles)

le cheval (horse)

les chevaux (horses)

le bus (the bus)

les bus (buses)

le nez (nose)

les nez (noses)

les gens (people)


Contributors

Vincent

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