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VietnameseGrammar0 to A1 Course → Verbs and Verb Tenses → Future Tense Verbs

Introduction[edit | edit source]

In this lesson, we will explore the future tense verbs in Vietnamese. The future tense is used to talk about actions or events that will happen after the present moment. By understanding how to use future tense verbs, you will be able to express your plans and intentions in Vietnamese.

Throughout this lesson, we will provide you with cultural information and interesting facts about the Vietnamese language and culture. This will not only deepen your understanding of the language but also give you insights into the rich heritage of Vietnam.

Let's dive into the world of future tense verbs in Vietnamese!

Formation of Future Tense Verbs[edit | edit source]

To form the future tense in Vietnamese, we use the auxiliary verb "sẽ" (will) followed by the base form of the main verb. The word "sẽ" indicates that the action will take place in the future.

For example:

  • I will eat. - Tôi sẽ ăn.
  • She will go. - Cô ấy sẽ đi.
  • We will learn. - Chúng ta sẽ học.

In Vietnamese, there is no distinction between singular and plural forms of verbs. The verb form remains the same regardless of the subject.

Usage of Future Tense Verbs[edit | edit source]

1. Talking about future actions: The most common use of future tense verbs is to talk about actions that will happen in the future. This can include plans, predictions, and intentions.

For example:

  • Tomorrow, I will visit my friends. - Ngày mai, tôi sẽ thăm bạn bè.
  • She will become a doctor in the future. - Cô ấy sẽ trở thành bác sĩ trong tương lai.
  • They will have a party next week. - Họ sẽ tổ chức một buổi tiệc vào tuần sau.

2. Expressing willingness or determination: Future tense verbs can also be used to express willingness or determination to do something.

For example:

  • I will help you with your homework. - Tôi sẽ giúp bạn làm bài tập.
  • He will do his best to succeed. - Anh ấy sẽ cố gắng hết sức để thành công.
  • We will fight for our rights. - Chúng ta sẽ chiến đấu cho quyền lợi của mình.

3. Making predictions or assumptions: Future tense verbs can be used to make predictions or assumptions about future events.

For example:

  • It will rain tomorrow. - Ngày mai sẽ có mưa.
  • They will probably win the competition. - Họ có thể sẽ thắng cuộc thi.
  • The price of houses will increase in the future. - Giá nhà sẽ tăng trong tương lai.

Irregular Future Tense Verbs[edit | edit source]

While most future tense verbs in Vietnamese follow the standard formation, there are a few irregular verbs that have unique conjugations. Here are some examples:

Vietnamese Pronunciation English
sẽ đi sẽ ɗi˧˥ will go
sẽ làm sẽ lam˧˥ will do/make
sẽ nói sẽ no˧˥ will speak

It's important to memorize these irregular verbs as they do not follow the regular pattern.

Practice Exercise[edit | edit source]

Now, let's practice what we've learned! Translate the following sentences into Vietnamese using the future tense.

1. I will study Vietnamese.

2. They will travel to Vietnam next year.

3. She will buy a new car.

4. We will meet at the restaurant.

5. He will call you later.

Conclusion[edit | edit source]

Congratulations! You have successfully learned about future tense verbs in Vietnamese. You now have the knowledge to express future actions, intentions, and predictions in Vietnamese. Keep practicing and incorporating these verbs into your conversations to enhance your language skills.

In this lesson, we provided you with cultural information and interesting facts about the Vietnamese language and culture. Vietnam has a rich heritage and learning the language opens doors to understanding its people and traditions.

Remember to practice regularly and stay motivated on your Vietnamese learning journey. Good luck and happy learning!

Videos[edit | edit source]

Learn Vietnamese - Past, Present & Future Tense - YouTube[edit | edit source]

Sources[edit | edit source]

Other Lessons[edit | edit source]

◀️ Past Tense Verbs — Previous Lesson Next Lesson — Modal Verbs ▶️


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