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Urdu Language Urdu Pronunciation: Alphabet and Pronunciation

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< Language‎ | Urdu‎ | Pronunciation
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Urdu Alphabet, IPA Pronuncation, Video, Virtual Keyboard...

Hello Polyglots 😀


The Urdu alphabet (اردو حروفِ تہجی‎, urdū harūf-e-tahajjī), is the right-to-left alphabet used for the Urdu language. It is a modification of the Persian alphabet, which is itself a derivative of the Arabic alphabet.


In today's lesson, you will learn how to write the different letters of the Urdu alphabet, how to pronounce these letters whether it is through the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), or through a video with the pronunciation of the letters by a native speaker.


You will also find at the end of this lesson a virtual keyboard to be able to type each special character of this language.


Urdu Alphabet and IPA Pronunciation[edit | edit source]

Consonants[edit | edit source]

Name Name in Latin IPA Letter (Isolated)
الف alif /ɑː, ʔ, ∅/ ا
بے be /b/ ب
پے pe /p/ پ
تے te /t̪/ ت
ٹے ṭe /ʈ/ ٹ
ثے s̱e /s/ ث
جیم jīm /d͡ʒ/ ج
چے ce /t͡ʃ/ چ
بڑی حے baṛī ḥe /h, ɦ/ ح
خے khe /x/ خ
دال dāl /d̪/ د
ڈال ḍāl /ɖ/ ڈ
ذال ẕāl /z/ ذ
رے re /r/ ر
ڑے ṛe /ɽ/ ڑ
زے ze /z/ ز
ژے zhe /ʒ/ ژ
سین sīn /s/ س
شین shīn /ʃ/ ش
صواد ṣwād /s/ ص
ضواد ẓwād /z/ ض
وئے t̤oʾe /t̪/ ط
ظوئے z̤oʾe /z/ ظ
عین ʿain /ɑː, oː, eː, ʔ, ʕ, ∅/ ع
غین ghain /ɣ/ غ
فے fe /f/ ف
قاف qāf /q/ ق
كاف kāf /k/ ك
گاف gāf /ɡ/ گ
لام lām /l/ ل
میم mīm /m/ م
نون nūn /n, ɲ, ɳ, ŋ/ ن
نون غنه nūn ghunnah /◌̃/ ں
واؤ wāʾo /ʋ, uː, oː, ɔː/ و
چھوٹی ہے choṭī he /h, ɦ/ or /∅/ ه
دو چشمی ہے do-cashmī he /ʰ/ or /ʱ/ ھ
ہمزہ hamzah /ʔ/, /∅/ ء
چھوٹی یے choṭī ye /j, iː, ɑː/ ي
بڑی یے baṛī ye /ɛː, eː/ ے

Digraph[edit | edit source]

بھ پھ تھ ٹھ جھ چھ دھ ڈھ رھ ڑھ کھ گھ لھ مھ نھ وھ یھ
IPA [bʱ] [pʰ] [t̪ʰ] [ʈʰ] [d͡ʒʰ] [t͡ʃʰ] [d̪ʱ] [ɖʱ] [rʱ] [ɽʱ] [kʰ] [ɡʱ] [lʱ] [mʱ] [nʱ] [ʋʱ] [jʱ]


Vowels[edit | edit source]

IPA Letter
Final Middle Initial Isolated
/ə/ ویژَه سَر اَندر اَ
/aː/ "وفا

موسَی"

باغ آم آ
/ɪ/ دِن اِدھر اِ
/iː/ گِھڑی تِیسرا اِینٹ اِی
/eː/ لڑکے میرا ایک اے
/ɛː/ هَے کَیسا اَیسا اَے
/ʊ/ سُلطان اُلفت اُ
/uː/ قابُو دُور اُوپر اُو
/oː/ کو دوست اوس او
/ɔː/ نَو مَوسم اَور اَو

Video - Urdu Alphabet Pronunciation by a Native Speaker[edit | edit source]


Urdu Online Virtual Keyboard[edit | edit source]


Sources[edit | edit source]

Contributors

Vincent and GrimPixel


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