Uighur Grammar: Nouns and adjectives
From Polyglot Club WIKI
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Uyghur nouns are marked for the following categories:
- There are two numbers: singular and plural.
- There are six cases: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, locative, ablative. Cases are marked by inflectional suffixes whose forms depend on whether the stem ends in a front vowel, a back vowel, a voiced consonant, or a voiceless consonant.
- There is no definite article.
- There is no grammatical gender.
- Possession is represented by the suffix –m, e.g. aka ‘elder brother’, aka-m ‘my elder brother.’
- Adjectives have four degrees of comparison:
- weakened, similar to the meaning of –ish in longish
- superlative which can be expressed in several ways, including reduplication, e.g., uzun-uzun ‘very long’.