# Language/Tosk-albanian/Grammar/Cardinal-Numbers

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## Introduction[edit | edit source]

Welcome to the lesson on Cardinal Numbers in Tosk Albanian! In this lesson, you will learn how to count numbers in Tosk Albanian, both cardinal and ordinal numbers. Numbers are an essential part of any language, and being able to count is a fundamental skill for communication. Whether you want to talk about quantities, prices, or dates, having a solid understanding of cardinal numbers will greatly enhance your ability to express yourself in Tosk Albanian.

This lesson is part of the larger course titled "Complete 0 to A1 Tosk Albanian Course." Throughout this lesson, we will explore the intricacies of Tosk Albanian cardinal numbers and provide you with numerous examples to illustrate each point. We will also delve into any regional variations in the usage or understanding of cardinal numbers and discuss interesting cultural facts related to this topic. Finally, we will conclude with a series of exercises and practice scenarios to help you solidify your understanding of cardinal numbers in Tosk Albanian.

So, let's dive in and start counting in Tosk Albanian!

## Cardinal Numbers[edit | edit source]

### Basic Cardinal Numbers[edit | edit source]

In Tosk Albanian, cardinal numbers are used to count or quantify nouns. They are the numbers we use in everyday life, such as one, two, three, and so on. Here are the basic cardinal numbers in Tosk Albanian from one to ten:

Tosk Albanian | Pronunciation | English Translation |
---|---|---|

një | /ɲə/ | one |

dy | /di/ | two |

tre | /tɾɛ/ | three |

katër | /kaːtəɾ/ | four |

pesë | /pɛsə/ | five |

gjashtë | /ɟaʃtə/ | six |

shtatë | /ʃtatə/ | seven |

tetë | /tɛtə/ | eight |

nëntë | /nəntə/ | nine |

dhjetë | /d͡ʒɛtə/ | ten |

As you can see, Tosk Albanian shares many similarities with other Indo-European languages when it comes to cardinal numbers. However, it's important to note that the pronunciation in Tosk Albanian may differ slightly from other languages, so make sure to pay attention to the pronunciation guide provided.

### Numbers from Eleven to Nineteen[edit | edit source]

In Tosk Albanian, numbers from eleven to nineteen follow a similar pattern as in English, where the numbers are formed by combining the words for ten and the corresponding single digit. Here are the numbers from eleven to nineteen in Tosk Albanian:

Tosk Albanian | Pronunciation | English Translation |
---|---|---|

njëmbëdhjetë | /ɲəmˈbəd͡ʒətə/ | eleven |

dymbëdhjetë | /dimˈbəd͡ʒətə/ | twelve |

trembëdhjetë | /tɾɛmˈbəd͡ʒətə/ | thirteen |

katëmbëdhjetë | /kaˈtəmˈbəd͡ʒətə/ | fourteen |

pesëmbëdhjetë | /pɛˈsəmˈbəd͡ʒətə/ | fifteen |

gjashtëmbëdhjetë | /ɟaʃˈtəmˈbəd͡ʒətə/ | sixteen |

shtatëmbëdhjetë | /ʃtaˈtəmˈbəd͡ʒətə/ | seventeen |

tetëmbëdhjetë | /tɛtəmˈbəd͡ʒətə/ | eighteen |

nëntëmbëdhjetë | /nənˈtəmˈbəd͡ʒətə/ | nineteen |

Notice that the word "dhjetë" is added to the corresponding single digit to form these numbers. For example, "njëmbëdhjetë" is formed by combining "një" (one) and "dhjetë" (ten). This pattern continues for the rest of the numbers from eleven to nineteen.

### Multiples of Ten[edit | edit source]

After the number ten, Tosk Albanian follows a pattern similar to English and many other languages. The numbers from twenty to ninety are formed by combining the word for the corresponding multiple of ten with the single digit. Here are the multiples of ten in Tosk Albanian:

Tosk Albanian | Pronunciation | English Translation |
---|---|---|

njëzet | /ɲəˈzɛt/ | twenty |

tridhjetë | /tɾiˈd͡ʒɛtə/ | thirty |

dyzet | /ˈdiːzɛt/ | forty |

pesëdhjetë | /pɛˈsəd͡ʒɛtə/ | fifty |

gjashtëdhjetë | /ɟaʃˈtəd͡ʒɛtə/ | sixty |

shtatëdhjetë | /ʃtaˈtəd͡ʒɛtə/ | seventy |

tetëdhjetë | /tɛˈtəd͡ʒɛtə/ | eighty |

nëntëdhjetë | /nənˈtəd͡ʒɛtə/ | ninety |

Similar to the English language, the word for the single digit is added to the multiple of ten to form these numbers. For example, "tridhjetë" is formed by combining "tri" (three) and "dhjetë" (ten). Again, pay attention to the pronunciation guide provided for each number.

### Larger Numbers[edit | edit source]

In Tosk Albanian, larger numbers are formed by combining the words for the hundreds, thousands, and millions with the corresponding number. Here is a table to help you understand the formation of larger numbers in Tosk Albanian:

Tosk Albanian | Pronunciation | English Translation |
---|---|---|

një qind | /ɲə cind/ | one hundred |

dy qind | /di cind/ | two hundred |

tre qind | /tɾɛ cind/ | three hundred |

një mijë | /ɲə miˈjə/ | one thousand |

dy mijë | /di miˈjə/ | two thousand |

një milion | /ɲə miˈliːɔn/ | one million |

To form larger numbers, simply combine the word for the corresponding unit (hundred, thousand, or million) with the number. For example, "dy mijë" means two thousand, and "tre qind" means three hundred.

### Examples[edit | edit source]

Let's practice counting in Tosk Albanian with some examples:

- Unë kam pesë librave në raft. (I have five books on the shelf.)
- Ai ka dy motra dhe tre vëllezër. (He has two sisters and three brothers.)
- Shkolla është katërmbëdhjetë metra larg. (The school is fourteen meters away.)
- Shtëpia ime ka tetëdhjetë dhoma. (My house has eighty rooms.)

As you can see, understanding cardinal numbers is crucial for expressing quantities, distances, and many other aspects of everyday life.

## Regional Variations and Cultural Insights[edit | edit source]

While cardinal numbers are generally consistent across different regions of Tosk Albanian-speaking areas, there may be slight variations in pronunciation or usage. For example, some regions may have specific dialectal variations in the pronunciation of certain numbers. It's always interesting to explore these regional differences and appreciate the linguistic diversity within Tosk Albanian.

In terms of cultural insights, numbers play an important role in Albanian folklore and traditions. For instance, certain numbers are considered lucky or unlucky in Albanian culture. The number three, for example, is often associated with good luck and is considered a symbol of harmony. On the other hand, the number thirteen is often associated with bad luck and is considered unlucky by many. It's fascinating to explore these cultural beliefs and their impact on the usage and interpretation of numbers in Tosk Albanian.

## Exercises[edit | edit source]

Now, let's practice what you've learned so far with some exercises:

Exercise 1: Write the following numbers in Tosk Albanian: 1. Seven 2. Twenty-five 3. One hundred and ten 4. Nine hundred and ninety-nine 5. Two thousand and twenty-two

Exercise 2: Translate the following numbers from Tosk Albanian to English: 1. Gjashtëdhjetë e shtatë 2. Një mijë e pesëqind 3. Tetëmbëdhjetë e dy 4. Pesëdhjetë e pesë 5. Një milion dhe një

Exercise 3: Write the following numbers in numerical form: 1. Pesëdhjetë e tetë 2. Një qind dhe pesëdhjetë e shtatë 3. Dymbëdhjetë e pesë 4. Shtatëdhjetë e pesë 5. Nëntëdhjetë e dy

## Solutions[edit | edit source]

Exercise 1: 1. Shtatë 2. Njëzet e pesë 3. Një qind e dhjetë 4. Nëntë qind e nëntëdhjetë e nëntë 5. Dy mijë e njëzet e dy

Exercise 2: 1. Seventy-seven 2. One thousand five hundred 3. Eighteen 4. Fifty-five 5. One million and one

Exercise 3: 1. 58 2. 150 3. 12 4. 75 5. 92

Make sure to practice these exercises until you feel comfortable with counting and using cardinal numbers in Tosk Albanian.

## Conclusion[edit | edit source]

Congratulations on completing the lesson on Cardinal Numbers in Tosk Albanian! You have learned how to count from one to ten, as well as numbers from eleven to nineteen and multiples of ten. You have also explored regional variations and cultural insights related to cardinal numbers in Tosk Albanian. Keep practicing and applying your knowledge in real-life situations to enhance your language skills.

In the next lesson, we will continue our exploration of numbers and time in Tosk Albanian by focusing on how to express time and dates. Until then, mirë pushim (goodbye) and mirësojnë në botën e numrave (welcome to the world of numbers)!

## Other Lessons[edit | edit source]

- Adverbs of Manner
- Time and Dates
- Gender
- Definite Articles
- How to Use Have
- Conditional Mood
- Personal Pronouns
- To Be and To Have
- Adjectives
- Questions

◀️ To Be and To Have — Previous Lesson | Next Lesson — Time and Dates ▶️ |