Swedish Grammar: «When use Ett or En»
From Polyglot Club WIKI
INDEFINITE FORM[edit | edit source]
In Swedish we have two words to choose between when we want to write about nouns in indefinite form: En or Ett.
- Ett bord = A table
- En hund = A dog
- Ett äpple = An apple
- En skola = A school
COMMON MISTAKE[edit | edit source]
- En (Swedish article) = An (English article)
- Ett (Swedish article) = A (English article)
This is not true. There is no grammatical rule to know when to use En or Ett, you just simply have to learn them.
DEFINITE FORM[edit | edit source]
When we want a noun to be in definite form we add a suffix to the noun; -en, -n or -et.
- Ett bord = Bordet
- En hund = Hunden
- Ett äpple = Äpplet
- En skola = Skolan
Here we just add -n since the word already ends with a vowel.
As you might have noticed, you can know which suffix to use by looking at the indefinite article.
- If it's an "En-word", the suffix is -en or -n.
- If it's an "Ett-word", the suffix is -et.