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Swedish Language Swedish Grammar: When use Ett or En

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When using (ETT or (EN) in Swedish
When using (ETT or (EN) in Swedish

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Hello everybody,

In today's lesson you will learn some useful vocabulary about ¨WHEN USING (ETT) OR (EN)¨ in Swedish

Feel free to edit this page by adding new words and expressions !

Good learning ! :)

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When using (ETT or (EN) in Swedish[edit | edit source]

ENGLISH SWEDISH PRONUNCIATION IN

ENGLISH

BRAZILIAN

PORTUGUESE

A table Ett bord eht bohr Uma mesa
A dog En hund ehn hoon Um cachorro
An apple Ett äpple eht eh pleh Uma maçã
A school En skola ehn skoo lah Uma escola
The table Bordet bohr deht A mesa
The dog Hunden hoon dehn O cachorro
The apple Äpplet eh pleht A maçã
The school Skolan skoh lahn A escola

INDEFINITE FORM[edit | edit source]

In Swedish we have two words to choose between when we want to write about nouns in indefinite form: En or Ett.

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Examples[edit | edit source]

  • Ett bord = A table
  • En hund = A dog
  • Ett äpple = An apple
  • En skola = A school

COMMON MISTAKE[edit | edit source]

  • En (Swedish article) = An (English article)
  • Ett (Swedish article) = A (English article)

This is not true. There is no grammatical rule to know when to use En or Ett, you just simply have to learn them.

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DEFINITE FORM[edit | edit source]

When we want a noun to be in definite form we add a suffix to the noun; -en, -n or -et.

For example:

  • Ett bord = Bordet
  • En hund = Hunden
  • Ett äpple = Äpplet
  • En skola = Skolan
Here we just add -n since the word already ends with a vowel.

As you might have noticed, you can know which suffix to use by looking at the indefinite article.

  • If it's an "En-word", the suffix is -en or -n.
  • If it's an "Ett-word", the suffix is -et.

Authors[edit | edit source]

Brainwashme

Ett-en.jpg

Contributors

Vincent, Brainwashme and Mastavaya


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