Swedish Grammar: When use Ett or En
From Polyglot Club WIKI
In today's lesson you will learn some useful vocabulary about ¨WHEN USING (ETT) OR (EN)¨ in Swedish
Feel free to edit this page by adding new words and expressions !
Good learning ! :)
When using (ETT or (EN) in Swedish[edit | edit source]
|A table||Ett bord||eht bohr||Uma mesa|
|A dog||En hund||ehn hoon||Um cachorro|
|An apple||Ett äpple||eht eh pleh||Uma maçã|
|A school||En skola||ehn skoo lah||Uma escola|
|The table||Bordet||bohr deht||A mesa|
|The dog||Hunden||hoon dehn||O cachorro|
|The apple||Äpplet||eh pleht||A maçã|
|The school||Skolan||skoh lahn||A escola|
INDEFINITE FORM[edit | edit source]
In Swedish we have two words to choose between when we want to write about nouns in indefinite form: En or Ett.
Examples[edit | edit source]
- Ett bord = A table
- En hund = A dog
- Ett äpple = An apple
- En skola = A school
COMMON MISTAKE[edit | edit source]
- En (Swedish article) = An (English article)
- Ett (Swedish article) = A (English article)
This is not true. There is no grammatical rule to know when to use En or Ett, you just simply have to learn them.
DEFINITE FORM[edit | edit source]
When we want a noun to be in definite form we add a suffix to the noun; -en, -n or -et.
- Ett bord = Bordet
- En hund = Hunden
- Ett äpple = Äpplet
- En skola = Skolan
Here we just add -n since the word already ends with a vowel.
As you might have noticed, you can know which suffix to use by looking at the indefinite article.
- If it's an "En-word", the suffix is -en or -n.
- If it's an "Ett-word", the suffix is -et.