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◀️ Personal pronouns — Previous Lesson Next Lesson — Demonstrative pronouns ▶️

SwedishGrammar0 to A1 Course → Swedish Pronouns → Reflexive pronouns

Introduction[edit | edit source]

In this lesson, we will explore the topic of reflexive pronouns in the Swedish language. Reflexive pronouns are an essential part of Swedish grammar and are used to indicate that the subject of a sentence is also the object. Understanding and using reflexive pronouns correctly is crucial for effective communication in Swedish.

This lesson is part of the "Complete 0 to A1 Swedish Course," which aims to take students from beginner to A1 level proficiency in the Swedish language. By the end of this lesson, you will have a solid understanding of reflexive pronouns and how to use them accurately in various contexts.

What are Reflexive Pronouns?[edit | edit source]

Reflexive pronouns, or "reflexiva pronomen" in Swedish, are pronouns that refer back to the subject of a sentence. They are used when the subject is performing an action on itself. Reflexive pronouns are formed by adding the suffix "-sig" or "-s" to the personal pronouns, depending on the grammatical case.

Let's take a look at the personal pronouns and their reflexive forms in Swedish:

Swedish Pronunciation English
jag /jɑːg/ I
du /dʉː/ you (singular)
han /hɑːn/ he
hon /hʊn/ she
den /dɛn/ it
vi /viː/ we
ni /niː/ you (plural)
de /dɛ/ they

To form the reflexive pronouns, we simply add "-sig" or "-s" to the personal pronouns. Let's see some examples:

  • Jag tvättar __mig__. (I wash __myself__.)
  • Hon klär __sig__. (She dresses __herself__.)
  • Vi lär __oss__. (We teach __ourselves__.)
  • De tvättar __sig__. (They wash __themselves__.)

When to Use Reflexive Pronouns[edit | edit source]

Reflexive pronouns are used in Swedish when the subject of a sentence performs an action on itself. Here are some common situations where reflexive pronouns are necessary:

Daily Routines[edit | edit source]

When talking about activities that we do to ourselves as part of our daily routine, reflexive pronouns are used. For example:

  • Jag tvättar __mig__. (I wash __myself__.)
  • Han borstar __sina__ tänder. (He brushes __his__ teeth.)

Reciprocal Actions[edit | edit source]

Reflexive pronouns are also used when two or more subjects are performing the same action on each other. Here are some examples:

  • De kramar __varandra__. (They hug __each other__.)
  • Vi hjälper __varandra__. (We help __each other__.)

Emphasizing the Subject[edit | edit source]

Reflexive pronouns can be used to emphasize the subject of a sentence. This is common when expressing opinions or feelings. For example:

  • Jag älskar __mig__. (I love __myself__.)
  • Hon tycker om __sig__. (She likes __herself__.)

Reflexive Pronouns Chart[edit | edit source]

To help you understand and remember the reflexive pronouns, here is a chart that shows the personal pronouns and their corresponding reflexive forms:

Personal Pronoun Reflexive Pronoun
jag mig
du dig
han sig
hon sig
den sig
vi oss
ni er
de sig

Note that the reflexive pronoun for "den" (it) is the same as the reflexive pronoun for "han" (he) and "hon" (she). This is because there is no grammatical gender distinction in Swedish for inanimate objects.

Regional Variations[edit | edit source]

In different regions of Sweden, there may be some variations in the usage or understanding of reflexive pronouns. For example, in some dialects, the reflexive pronoun "sig" may be pronounced as "sej." Additionally, certain regional dialects may have different reflexive pronouns altogether. It's important to be aware of these variations if you plan to communicate with native speakers from specific regions.

Practice Exercises[edit | edit source]

Now it's time to practice using reflexive pronouns in Swedish! Complete the following exercises to solidify your understanding.

Exercise 1: Fill in the Blanks Fill in the blanks with the appropriate reflexive pronouns.

1. Han klär __________. 2. Vi tvättar __________. 3. De borstar __________ tänder. 4. Jag älskar __________. 5. Hon hjälper __________.

Solution: 1. Han klär __sig__. 2. Vi tvättar __oss__. 3. De borstar __sina__ tänder. 4. Jag älskar __mig__. 5. Hon hjälper __sig__.

Exercise 2: Translate the Sentences Translate the following sentences into Swedish, using reflexive pronouns.

1. I brush my hair. 2. They dress themselves. 3. We teach ourselves. 4. She loves herself. 5. He helps himself.

Solution: 1. Jag borstar __mitt__ hår. 2. De klär __sig__. 3. Vi lär __oss__. 4. Hon älskar __sig__. 5. Han hjälper __sig__.

Conclusion[edit | edit source]

Congratulations! You have successfully learned about reflexive pronouns in Swedish. These pronouns are essential for expressing actions performed by the subject on itself. Keep practicing and using reflexive pronouns in different contexts to improve your Swedish language skills. In the next lesson, we will explore demonstrative pronouns in Swedish.

Videos[edit | edit source]

The mindblowing Swedish reflexive pronouns and verbs - YouTube[edit | edit source]

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