From Polyglot Club WIKI
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This lesson can still be improved. EDIT IT NOW! & become VIP
Rate this lesson:
(0 votes)

◀️ The conditional mood and hypothetical situations — Previous Lesson Next Lesson — Means of transport and directions ▶️

Standard Latvian Grammar → Conditional and subjunctive mood → The subjunctive mood and wishes

As a Latvian language teacher, I have encountered many students who struggle with expressing wishes or doubts in Latvian sentences. In this lesson, we will cover the subjunctive mood and how to use it to convey such emotions.

Finish this lesson and explore these related pages: Nouns & Indirect objects and the dative case.

Introduction to the subjunctive mood[edit | edit source]

The subjunctive mood is used to express what is imagined, wished, possible, hypothetical, or otherwise uncertain. It is commonly used in Latvian to convey wishes, doubts, or desires. The subjunctive mood can be recognized by the use of specific verb forms, which differ from those used in the indicative mood.

Using the subjunctive mood for wishes[edit | edit source]

One of the most common uses of the subjunctive mood is to express wishes. Here are some examples:

Standard Latvian Pronunciation English
Lai saule spīdētu visu dienu. [lai saule spiːdeːtu vi-su die-nu] May the sun shine all day long.
Lai tiktu izpildīti tavi sapņi. [lai tik-tu iz-pil-diː-tas ta-vi sap-ɲiː] May your dreams come true.

These two examples both use the word "lai" to introduce the subjunctive mood. It means "may" or "let" and is followed by a verb in the present tense.

Using the subjunctive mood for doubts[edit | edit source]

The subjunctive mood can also be used to express doubts or hypothetical situations. Here are some examples:

Standard Latvian Pronunciation English
Ja būtu bagāts, es ietu ceļojumā. [ja buːtu ba-ɡaːts es iːe-tu tse-ɫo-ju-maː] If I were rich, I would go on a trip.
Būtu lieliski, ja varētu dzert visu dienu. [buː-tu li-e-lis-ki ja va-reː-tu dzert vi-su die-nu] It would be great if I could drink all day long.

As you can see, the subjunctive mood is introduced by "ja" or "būtu," which mean "if" or "were." The verb in the clause is in the past tense, but it would be incorrect to use the conditional mood in this case.

Conclusion[edit | edit source]

The subjunctive mood is an important aspect of Latvian grammar and is commonly used to express wishes or doubts. By using specific verb forms, you can convey the emotions you want to express in a clear and concise way. I hope this lesson has helped you understand the subjunctive mood better and allowed you to apply it in your Latvian conversations with ease. If you have any questions, feel free to ask them in the comments section below.

Finished this lesson? Check out these related lessons: Future Tense & How to Use Be.

Table of Contents - Standard Latvian Course - 0 to A1[edit source]

Introduction to Latvian grammar

Daily life and routines

Latvian traditions and customs

Verbs and tenses

Going shopping and using public transport

Latvian geography and landmarks

Adverbs and prepositions

Leisure activities and hobbies

Latvian arts and museums

The accusative case and indirect objects

Education and employment

Latvian history and politics

Conditional and subjunctive mood

Travel and tourism

Latvian culture and identity

The genitive and possessive forms

Health and wellness

Latvian sports and outdoor activities

Other Lessons[edit | edit source]

◀️ The conditional mood and hypothetical situations — Previous Lesson Next Lesson — Means of transport and directions ▶️


Maintenance script and

Create a new Lesson