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Standard-arabic Language Standard-arabic Pronunciation: «Alphabet and Pronunciation»

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< Language‎ | Standard-arabic‎ | Pronunciation
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Hello everyone!

In today's lesson, we are going to talk about the letters and how to spell them In Arabic.

Name IPA Letter
Final Medial Initial Isolated
ألف (Alefun) /aː/, /ʔ/ ـا ا
باء (Ba'on) /b/ ـب ـبـ بـ ب
تاء ( Ta'on) /t/ ـت ـتـ تـ ت
ثاء (THa'on) like"therapy" /θ/ ـث ـثـ ثـ ث
جيم (Jeemun) /d͡ʒ/ ـج ـجـ جـ ج
حاء (ha'on) /ħ/ ـح ـحـ حـ ح
خاء (khaa'on) /x/ ـخ ـخـ خـ خ
دال (daalun) /d/ ـد د
ذال (daalun ) like "the moon" /ð/ ـذ ذ
راء (raa'on) like "room" /r/ ـر ر
زاي (zaa'ye) /z/ ـز ز
سين (seenun) like "I see" /s/ ـس ـسـ سـ س
شين (sheenun) like"she" /ʃ/ ـش ـشـ شـ ش
صاد (Saad) like " Sound" /sˤ/ ـص ـصـ صـ ص
ضاد (Daad) like "Doctor" /dˤ/ ـض ـضـ ضـ ض
طاء (Taa'on) /tˤ/ ـط ـطـ طـ ط
ظاء (Dhaadun) /ðˤ/ ـظ ـظـ ظـ ظ
عين (aeenun) /ʕ/ ـع ـعـ عـ ع
غين (gheen) like the verb to pick up "Ramasser" in French /ɣ/ ـغ ـغـ غـ غ
فاء (faa'on) /f/ ـف ـفـ فـ ف
قاف (qaafun) /q/ ـق ـقـ قـ ق
كاف (kaafun) /k/ ـك ـكـ كـ ك
لام (laamun) /l/ ـل ـلـ لـ ل
ميم (meemun) /m/ ـم ـمـ مـ م
نون (nounun) /n/ ـن ـنـ نـ ن
هاء (Haa'on) like "Hello" /h/ ـه ـهـ هـ ه
واو (waawun) like "wath?" /w/, /uː/ ـو و
ياء (yeaa'on) like "Yes" /j/, /iː/ ـي ـيـ يـ ي

In Arabic we have Letters like ا ب ت ث ج ح ..... Each letter has a specific pronunciation.


Then we have these small Symbols ( َ - ُ - ِ ) ( ً - ٌ - ٍ ) ( ّ ) ( ْ) we add to the Letter to change their pronunciation.


symbols: ( َ ) ( ُ ) ( ِ ) "vowels"[edit | edit source]

  • The first one is called in Arabic "Fat'ha" and it means you should open your mouth while saying the letter like "A" in french.
  • The second one is called "Damma". Your mouth should have a round shape like you're pronouncing a "O".
  • The third one is called "Kasra". Your mouth should have the same shape as when you're pronouncing a "E" .

Note :

  • When the letter has no vowel or when you do not stop with a vowel at the end of the sentence, it must be replaced by a sekoun ( ْ ).
  • When pronouncing, Arabs do not stop at the end of their sentences with a vowel.

Examples[edit | edit source]

  • If we want to say the letter ( ب ) in Arabic, let's add that Fatha to it ( بَ ). Its pronunciation becomes (Ba). Not a long "a", just a short one.
  • if we want to say the letter ( ب ) in Arabic, let's add that Damma to it ( بُ ). Its pronunciation becomes (Bo). Not a long "o", just a short one.
  • if we want to say the letter ( ب ) in Arabic, let's add that Kasra to it ( بِ ). Its pronunciation becomes (Be). Not a long "e", just a short one.


The table below will help you with other letters:

letter name of the letter pronunciation with Fatha pronunciation with Damma pronunciation with Kasra
ا Alif A O E of english & i in french
ب Ba'a Ba Bo Be
ت Ta'a Ta To Te
ث tha'a (th here must pronounce as [th] in tee[th] tha tho the
ج jeem ja jo je
ح ha'a [h] ha Ho He
خ Kha'a [KH] must pronounce as [X letter in Russian] Kha Kho Khe
د daal da do de or di in french
ذ thaal like english word that tha tho the
ر raa like R in english ra ro re
ز zayn za zo ze
س siin sa so se
ش shiin sha sho she
ص saad magnify sa so se
ض daad magnify da do de
ع aayn as saying : iraq city aa ao ae
غ Rayn like R in french ra ro re
ف faa fa fo fe
ق qaaf close from grand g in french qa qo qe
ك kaaf ka ko ke
ل laam la lo le
م miim ma mo me
ن noon na no ne
هـ haa like hello ha ho he
و waaw wa wo we
ي yaa ya yo ye

Please note that the second letter you add has a very short pronunciation.

symbols ( ً )-( ٌ )-( ٍ )[edit | edit source]

  • The first one is called in Arabic "Tanween Al Fat'h" and it means you should open your mouth while saying the letter like "A" in french then add N at the end of letter.
  • The second one is called "Tanween Al Damm". Your mouth should have a round shape like you're pronouncing a "O" and add N at the End of the letter
  • The third one is called "Tanween Al Kasr". Your mouth should have the same shape as when you're pronouncing a "E" .and add N at the End of the letter


Examples[edit | edit source]

  • If we want to say the letter ( ب ) in Arabic, let's add Tanween Al Fat'h to it ( بً ). Its pronunciation becomes (Ban). Not a long "a" in french, just a short one.
  • if we want to say the letter ( ب ) in Arabic, let's add Tanween Al Damm to it ( بٌ ). Its pronunciation becomes (Bon). Not a long "o", just a short one.
  • if we want to say the letter ( ب ) in Arabic, let's add Tanween Al Kasr to it ( بٍ ). Its pronunciation becomes (Ben). Not a long "e", just a short one.


The table below will help you with other letters:

letter name of the letter pronunciation with Tanween Al Fat'h pronunciation with Tanween Al Damm pronunciation with Tanween Al Kasr
ا Alif An On Ee
ب Ba'a Ban Bon Ben
ت Ta'a Tan Ton Ten
ث tha'a (th here must pronounce as [th] in tee[th] than thon then
ج jeem jan jon jen
ح ha'a han Hon Hen
خ Kha'a [KH] must pronounce as [X letter in Russian] Khan Khon Khen

Long pronunciation[edit | edit source]

We can read an arabic letter with a long pronuciation by using three letters (alif-أ, yaa-ي, waaw) after the one that want to read as long :

  • we use alif-أ after the long letter who has "fatha" for example : ( سَ= sa ) long pronunciation is ( سَا=saaa )
  • we use waaw-و after the long letter who has "damma" for example : ( سُ= so ) long pronunciation is ( سُو=sooo )
  • we use yaa-ي after the long letter who has "kasra" for example : ( سِ= si ) long pronunciation is ( سِي=siii )


NOTE[edit | edit source]

*When we use the 3 letters (ا,ي,و) to make a long pronunciation, we don't give them any damma or kasra or... they have a name is :

horof al-aela حُرُوفُ الْعِلَةِ

Videos[edit | edit source]


Contributors

Vincent, Amat-ALLAH, Makman123, GrimPixel, 176.151.92.12, Dominar, Sybille, Thabit and Redwan lzr


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