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Arabic Grammar ➡ Prepositions

Hello Arabic learners,

In this lesson we will learn about some of the prepositions, In-Shā'-Allâh (God willing). 

A preposition is a word which shows the relation of one word to another. 

For example:

  • "The key is in the car" or "The book is on the table".

Once you've mastered this lesson, take a look at these related pages: Future Tense, The definite and indefinite articles, DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS & Basic Arabic phrases.

Common prepositions in Arabic[edit | edit source]

Some of the most common prepositions are:

English Arabic
In فِي
On عَلَىٰ
From مِنْ
To إِلَىٰ

We will also learn about the rule applied for the use of prepositions in Arabic Language. The following rules are applied for the use of prepositions:

  1. A preposition (حَرْفُ الْجَرِّ - called /harf ul ĵarr/ in Arabic) is a single letter or a word which connects two nouns, or a verb and a noun to form a sentence. As above this is generally showing the position of one word to another. It always precedes a word and never follows the word.
  2. A preposition always comes before a noun and it does not come before a verb.
  3. The noun following a preposition is changed from nominative case to genitive case. This means that the last letter of the word will be changed from a /đammah/ or /đammatain/ to a /kasrah/ or /kasratain/.
  4. The noun followed by a preposition is called /Maĵrūr/مَجْرُورٌ which means the preposition has caused a change in its case (from nominative to genitive case) as mentioned in the previous rule.

Videos[edit | edit source]

PREPOSITIONS IN ARABIC[edit | edit source]

Arabic Prepositions with Maha :)[edit | edit source]

Arabic Sentences Using Prepositions[edit | edit source]

Other Lessons[edit | edit source]


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