Spanish Language Spanish Grammar: «How to Use Be»

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VERB TO BE = VERBO SER / ESTAR

Meaning[edit | edit source]

Its meaning depends on the meaning of the sentence. There are also situations that allow you to change the meaning of the sentence by switching from ''estar'' to ''ser'' and vice versa; e.g. a) Ella es grande vs. b) Ella está grande. In a) the meaning is that the stature of the subject ''ella'' doesn't change anymore, i.e. she has provably reached her highest stature and the speaker or listener do not expect her to grow further. We say that normally about young adults or adults. In b) the speaker and the listener expect a change of that sature in the future; i.e. she has reached a tall stature but in some years she will be even taller.

Example:

  • I am a student = Soy un/una estudiante. (Se aplica como verbo SER)
  • I am in my house = Estoy en mi casa. (Se aplica como verbo ESTAR)

Simple present = Presente simple[edit | edit source]

Affirmative[edit | edit source]

I am = Yo soy / estoy

You are = Tu eres / estás

He is = Él es / está

She is = Ella es / está

It is = El es / está (animales u objetos)

We are = Nosotros somos / estamos

You are = Ustedes son / están

They are = Ellos/ellas son/están

Example[edit | edit source]

  • You are very tall = Eres muy alto
  • She is with her best friend = Ella está con su mejor amigo/ amiga

Interrogative[edit | edit source]

Am I? = ¿Soy / estoy yo?

Are you? = ¿Eres / estás tú?

Is he? = ¿Es / está él?

Is she? = ¿Es / está ella?

Is it? = ¿Es / está el?

Are we? = ¿Somos / estamos nosotros?

Are you? = ¿Son / están ustedes?

Are they? = ¿Son /están ellos?

Example[edit | edit source]

  • Is she a nurse? = ¿Ella es enfermera?
  • Are they in the party? = ¿Ellos están en la fiesta?

Negative[edit | edit source]

I am not = No soy / estoy

You are not = No eres / estás

He is not = No es / está

She is not = No es / está

It is not = No es / está

We are not = No somos / estamos

You are not = No son / están

They are not = No son / están

Example[edit | edit source]

  • She is not a nurse = Ella no es enfermera
  • They are not in the party = Ellos no están en la fiesta

Contributors

Vincent, Warrior19 and Josesterlin

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