Spanish Grammar: «Conditional Tense»
From Polyglot Club WIKI
Zero Conditional[edit | edit source]
|If/When + Present Simple||Present Simple|
The Zero Conditional is used to talk about general truths.
Ex. If/When you press the button, the machine starts.
Conditional Sentences Type 1[edit | edit source]
We use Conditional Sentences Type 1 for something which is likely to happen in the present or future.
|If + Present Simple||-Future will|
| -Modal Verbs (can, amy, might,
must, should) + base form
If I see James, I will give him his book back.
If you want a pet, you must promise to take care of it.
If you go to the supermarket, buy some milk.
Conditional Sentences Type 2[edit | edit source]
We use Conditional Sentences Type 2 for unreal or imaginary situations which are unlikely to happen in the present or the future.
|If + Past Simple||Would/could/might + base form|
If I won the lottery, I would buy a farm in the country.
You could lose some weight if you went on a diet.
I might move to London if I got a good job there.
| -In Conditional Sentences Type 2 were is often used
instead of was in the if-clause.
If I were rich, I would live in a luxurious house.
-We use If I were you to express an opinion or to give advice.
If I were you, I wouldn't buy it.
-Unless can be used instead of If...not... in all conditional
I won't buy this car unless you agree (= if you don't agree)
-When the if-clause comes before the main clause, the
two clauses are separated by a comma.
Conditional Sencentes Type 3[edit | edit source]
|If + Past Perfect||Would/could/might + have +
Conditional Sentences Type 3 are used:
-To talk about unreal or imaginary situations in the past.
If I had won the lottery, I would have left my job.
-To express regret
If I hadnt' gone to bed so late last night, I would have woken up on time this morning.
-To criticise somebody/something.
If youhad completed your degree, you might have found a better job.