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Chronology of Argentina (1816-2010)

Interesting Facts about Argentina[edit | edit source]

  • Country : ARGENTINA๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ท
  • Capital: Buenos Aires
  • Continent: South America
  • Currency: Peso
  • Official Language: Spanish

1. Argentina is the world's 8th largest country.

2. Argentina is known for its love for Tango (a popular type of music and dance).

3. The national drink of Argentina is Mate (tea made from the leaves of the yerba mate plant).

4. Hiking on the Perito Moreno Glacier, Argentine is one on many a bucket list.

5. Argentina is home to the largest population of Magellanic penguins in the world.

6. Gauchos (skilled horsemen) are Argentine cowboys known for their bravery.

7. La Recoleta Cemetery is a prestigious resting place in Argentina.

8. Asado is a traditional Argentine barbecue.

9. Argentina is one of the worldโ€™s leading producers of quinoa.

10. Listening to the radio is still very popular in Argentina.

11. Spring is perhaps the best time to go to Argentina.

Travel Guide:

Source[edit source]

  • Content Research - Ms Harshali Dhatavkar

โžก To LEARN & SHARE interesting experiences: Join the WhatsApp group

Timeline[edit | edit source]

  • 1816: Josรฉ de San Martin proclaims the independence of the viceroyalty of La Plata, a Spanish possession.  
  • 1943: a junta of officers, including Juan Domingo Perรณn, seizes power.  
  • 1946: elected President of the Republic, Perรณn creates the "justicialist" doctrine, a mixture of nationalism, populism and social reformism.  
  • 1955: Perรณn is overthrown in a military coup. A period of instability and political violence follows.  
  • 1973: Perรณn is reelected president. On his death, nine months later, his wife Isabel succeeded him.  
  • 1976: military coup led by General Videla. Beginning of seven years of dictatorship marked by brutal repression against opponents (30,000 dead and "missing") and the establishment of an economic liberalization program.  
  • 1982: the debacle of the "Falklands War", launched by the junta against Great Britain, and the disastrous state of the economy sound the retirement of the military junta.  
  • 1983: election of the radical Raul Alfonsin.  
  • 1985: trial of the main leaders of the military junta. General Videla and Admiral Massera are sentenced to life imprisonment.  
  • 1986: the government votes the law of the "end point", then a year later, that of "due obedience", putting an end to the indictment of soldiers for violations of human rights during the dictatorship .  
  • 1989: economic crisis. The vertiginous rise in prices provokes riots and looting. Peronist Carlos Menem is elected President of the Republic.  
  • 1990: Carlos Menem pardons the last high-ranking soldiers still in prison. 
  • 1991-1996: the Minister of the Economy Domingo Cavallo manages to curb hyperinflation , by linking the Argentinian peso to the American dollar through a system of fixed parity ("convertibility"). In return, this policy leads to a marked slowdown in the economy and an increase in unemployment.  
  • 1999: the radical Fernando de la Rua is elected president at the head of a center-left coalition.  
  • 2000
    • May: program to reduce public spending by over $ 900 million to deal with the economic crisis.
    • December: support plan from the International Monetary Fund (IMF).  
  • 2001
    • March: recalled to the Ministry of the Economy by President Fernando de la Rua, Domingo Cavallo obtains special powers from parliament. New austerity plan.
    • July: the "zero deficit law" provides for a reduction in the amount of pensions and the salary of civil servants.
    • October: defeat of the majority in the legislative elections.
    • November: public debt restructuring program.
    • December
      • 1: the government restricts cash withdrawals to limit capital flight.
      • 5: the IMF refuses a disbursement of $ 1.2 billion for non-compliance with the economic reform program.
      • 19/20: President de la Rua decrees a state of siege to deal with an explosion of social violence, marked by looting in many parts of the country. The toll of the riots is 22 dead. Fernando de la Rua resigns.
      • 23: Adolfo Rodriguez Saร , elected interim president by Congress, declares a moratorium on debt, announces the creation of a new currency and the launch of a plan to create a million jobs.
      • 30: President Rodriguez Saa resigns following further protests .  
  • 2002
    • January: Peronist Senator Eduardo Duhalde is elected President by Congress. He confirms the debt moratorium and announces the end of the economic model based on the peso-dollar parity. The IMF announces that it is granting Argentina a one-year grace period for its repayments.
    • December: Argentina receives the support of the seven most industrialized countries (G7) for the signing of an agreement with the IMF.  
  • 2003
    • May: President Nestor Kirchner takes office . He announces that he will put an end to the impunity of the criminals of the dictatorship.
    • July: a judge orders the arrest of 45 former soldiers and a civilian, whose extradition is requested by Spain. The next day, the government canceled a decree prohibiting the extradition of criminals from the military dictatorship.
    • September: the former torturer Alfredo Astiz, whose extradition is requested by France, is arrested in Buenos Aires. The IMF approves an agreement allowing Argentina to defer the repayment of loan capital owed to international financial institutions for three years. 
  • 2004
    • March: Nestor Kirchner announces the creation of a Memory Museum in the former Marine Mechanics School (Esma), which was a torture center under the dictatorship, and asks forgiveness on behalf of the State for the crimes committed during this period.
    • April: justice launches an international arrest warrant against Carlos Menem accused of "fraudulent administration of public funds". 
  • 2005
    • February: Argentina renegotiates part of the private debt, at a level never reached by its magnitude (more than 100 billion if we take into account the interest) and by the discount: for each dollar loaned will be reimbursed only 35 cents.
    • June: The Supreme Court declares unconstitutional the so-called "End point" and "Duty of obedience" amnesty laws which have allowed a thousand soldiers to escape justice.
    • December: President Kirchner announces the early repayment of the debt of 9.8 billion dollars with the IMF. 
  • May 2006: Argentina files a complaint before the International Court in The Hague against Uruguay, which is building two pulp mills on the river separating the two countries, deemed polluting by Buenos Aires.  
  • 2007
    • January: former president Isabel Peron is arrested in Madrid , at the request of Buenos Aires, in connection with an investigation into the disappearance of an opponent, during his presidency (1974-1976).
    • May: Argentina decides, with 5 other Latin American countries, to create a Bank of the South intended to improve the financial autonomy of the participating countries and to bypass the IMF and the World Bank.
    • June: a right-wing candidate, Mauricio Macri, wins the city hall of Buenos Aires with 61% of the vote against a minister of the Kirchner government.
    • October: for the first time since the return of democracy, a priest, Christian von Wernich, is sentenced to life imprisonment for human rights violations committed during the military dictatorship. Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner is elected President of the Republic, she succeeds her husband Nestor Kirchner in December. 
  • 2008
    • April: Spain rejects the request for extradition from Buenos Aires of former president Isabel Peron , as part of the investigation into crimes committed in the 1970s.
    • July: government retreat on a plan to increase taxes on grain exports, which account for more than half of exports. This project led for more than four months to an unprecedented rebellion of the major soybean producers.
    • August: two generals are sentenced to life imprisonment for a crime committed during the dictatorship.
    • October: nationalization of the private pension systemin order to save pensions which plunged due to market turmoil. Opening of the trial of former President Carlos Menem for arms smuggling with Ecuador and Croatia.
    • November: the government announces an "anti-crisis" plan of support measures for businesses and public investments. Rumors that the Argentine government may fail to honor its debt deadlines in 2010 scare away Argentinian capital. 
  • 2009
    • January: the government declares a state of emergency in the face of the worst drought the country has known in more than fifty years.
    • March: tax amnesty . Individuals and companies have six months to regularize their undeclared assets held abroad.
    • Farmers are on strike again to protest the level of export taxes on soybeans.
    • June: electoral debacle of the majority in the mid-term legislative elections. The presidential party loses the majority in both chambers.
    • December: trial in Buenos Aires of former officer Alfredo Astiz, suspected of being involved in the disappearance of two French nuns. 
  • 2010
    • February: Argentina announces the reinforcement of its controls on the boats going to the Falkland Islands to protest against the decision of London to authorize the launching of oil drilling off the archipelago.
    • July: Argentina becomes the first country in Latin America to allow same-sex marriage .
    • December: Former dictator Jorge Videla , who ruled Argentina from 1976 to 1981, is sentenced to life in prison for murder, torture and kidnapping. 

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What Defines People From Argentina? | Easy Spanish 213 - YouTube[edit | edit source]

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