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Serbian Language Serbian Grammar: «Questions»

From Polyglot Club WIKI

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Help us correct this lesson: CORRECT NOW! (Why? - How?)

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Question words[edit | edit source]

Serbian English
Зашто Why Зашто ходаш бос? Why you walk barefoot?
Шта What Шта си донео? What did you bring?
Ко Who Ко је појео јабуку? Who ate apple?
Кога Who (genitive) Кога си видео? Who did you see?
Коме Who (dative) - whom Коме пишеш писмо? Who you're writing the letter?
Који/која/које which Која су твоја кола? What car is yours?
с киме with who С киме идеш на плес? With who you're going to dance?
Како How Како си? How are you?
Где Where Где је продавница? Where is shop?
Одакле From where (in your direction) Одакле си? Where are you coming from?
Куда Where (in what direction, from your direction) Куда путујеш? Where are you traveling?
(Са) чиме (With) what Са чиме је тај сендвич? What ingredients are in this sandwich?
Чега what (genitive, for objects only) Поред чега је врећа? Near what is a bag?

Regular question[edit | edit source]

Question is very similar like regular sentence. Key word that marks sentence is "ли", what is always positioned as second word in sentence.

The most grammar correct question start with "да ли ...", but there are also form where verb goes at first place (имаш ли...? - have you ...?).

Another form of question what is used in colloquial speech is confirmative form of verb be (јесам, јеси): јеси ли....?

Examples:[edit | edit source]
Non question English translation да ли form verb + ли form confirmative be + ли form English translation
Ти имаш цигару. You have cigarete. Да ли (ти) имаш цигару? Имаш ли (ти) цигару? Је ли имаш (ти) цигару? Do you have cigarete?
Ти си гледао филм. You watched the movie. Да ли си (ти) гледао филм? Гледао ли си (ти) филм? Јеси ли (ти) гледао филм? Did you watch the movie?
Она је правила колач. She made a cake. Да ли је (она) правила колач? - [2] Је ли (она) правила колач? Did she make a cake?
Ми ћемо радити у шуми. We will work in the forest. Да ли ћемо (ми) радити у шуми? Хоћемо[1] ли (ми) радити у шуми? Је ли ћемо (ми) радити у шуми? Will (shall) we work in forest?

[1] Search for explanation for future tense and using "damaged" verb have

[2] In this case, question can't be formed with verb + form. But it is possible to make question with "finished" form of verb make (направити): Она је направила колач - Направи ли она колач?

Question with negation[edit | edit source]

This form of questions is rarely used. It can be formed with "зар" + negative form of verb be (нисам, ниси, није). Another form is negative "be" + ли.

Зар ниси у школи? - Ниси ли у школи? - Haven't you in school?

Contributors

Matke and Vincent

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