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◀️ Numbers 1-100 — Previous Lesson Next Lesson — Noun Gender ▶️

PolishVocabulary0 to A1 Course → Numbers and Time → Telling Time

Introduction[edit | edit source]

In this lesson, we will learn how to tell time in Polish. Knowing how to tell time is an essential skill for everyday life, whether it's scheduling appointments, catching a train, or simply knowing when it's time to eat. We will cover both the 12-hour and 24-hour time formats, as well as how to express minutes and other time-related expressions. By the end of this lesson, you will be able to confidently tell time in Polish and understand time-related conversations.

Hours[edit | edit source]

In Polish, we use the 12-hour clock system to tell time. Let's start by learning the words for the hours of the day:

Polish Pronunciation English
zero zeh-roh zero
jeden ye-den one
dwa dvah two
trzy tshi three
cztery ch-teh-ry four
pięć pyehnc five
sześć shehshch six
siedem sye-dem seven
osiem oh-syem eight
dziewięć dyen-vyench nine
dziesięć dyeh-syench ten
jedenaście ye-deh-nyash-cheh eleven
dwanaście dvah-nah-sheh twelve

It's important to note that the word "zero" is used for 12 AM. After that, we simply use the numbers from one to twelve to represent the hours of the day.

Minutes[edit | edit source]

To express minutes in Polish, we use the word "minuta" (minute) followed by the number of minutes. Let's look at some examples:

  • pięć minut (five minutes)
  • dziesięć minut (ten minutes)
  • dwadzieścia minut (twenty minutes)
  • trzydzieści minut (thirty minutes)
  • czterdzieści pięć minut (forty-five minutes)

Remember that when expressing minutes, we always use the plural form of the word "minuta" (minute).

12-Hour Time Format[edit | edit source]

In the 12-hour time format, we combine the words for hours and minutes to tell the time. Let's see some examples:

  • Jeden trzydzieści pięć (one thirty-five)
  • Dwa dwadzieścia (two twenty)
  • Cztery czterdzieści (four forty)
  • Siedem pięć (seven five)
  • Dziesięć dziesięć (ten ten)

As you can see, we simply combine the word for the hour with the word for the minutes to form the complete time expression.

24-Hour Time Format[edit | edit source]

In addition to the 12-hour time format, Poland also uses the 24-hour time format, especially in formal and official contexts. The 24-hour time format is commonly used in train schedules, business meetings, and military time. Let's see how we express time in the 24-hour format:

  • Jeden trzydzieści pięć (13:35)
  • Dwa dwadzieścia (14:20)
  • Cztery czterdzieści (16:40)
  • Siedem pięć (19:05)
  • Dziesięć dziesięć (22:10)

As you can see, the 24-hour time format uses the same expressions as the 12-hour format, but without the need to specify AM or PM. The numbers represent the hours and minutes, respectively.

Other Time Expressions[edit | edit source]

In addition to telling the time, there are other time-related expressions that are commonly used in Polish. Let's explore some of them:

  • teraz (now)
  • później (later)
  • wcześnie (early)
  • północ (midnight)
  • południe (noon)
  • wieczór (evening)
  • noc (night)
  • rano (morning)
  • popołudnie (afternoon)

These expressions are useful for indicating specific times of the day or referring to general time periods.

Summary[edit | edit source]

In this lesson, we have learned how to tell time in Polish. We covered the hours, minutes, and the difference between the 12-hour and 24-hour time formats. We also explored other time-related expressions that are commonly used in Polish. By practicing these skills, you will be able to confidently tell time and understand time-related conversations in Polish.

Table of Contents - Polish Course - 0 to A1[edit source]

Alphabet and Pronunciation

Greetings and Introductions

Basic Sentence Structure

Numbers and Time

Nouns and Articles

Family and Relationships

Adjectives and Adverbs

Food and Dining

Verbs and Tenses

Travel and Transportation

Polish Customs and Traditions

Videos[edit | edit source]

Telling the time in Polish | KTÓRA GODZINA? - YouTube[edit | edit source]

Sources[edit | edit source]

Other Lessons[edit | edit source]

◀️ Numbers 1-100 — Previous Lesson Next Lesson — Noun Gender ▶️


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