Northern-uzbek Grammar: Imperative of verbs
From Polyglot Club WIKI
< Language | Northern-uzbek | Grammar
The form of a verb that expresses a command is called imperative.
In Uzbek, the most common form in use is that of a 2nd form plural.
To form Uzbek imperative, drop infinitive suffix –moq and conjugate according to form. For example: bormoq (to go) – bor (go), kelmoq (to come) – kel (come).
In Uzbek imperative verbs express extremely important orders, warnings or the request for compliance. When the speaker gives a command regarding anyone else, it is still directed at the second person. When used with –ing or –ang added to the verbstem it expresses the formal polite form of request.
- Chekmang! – Do not smoke!
- Qalamni oling. – Take the pen.
- Gapiring! – Speak!
The formal polite form is used to a person or to a group of people. The verb stem is always accented in speech. The informal imperative sentences are used without suffix –ing or –ang, it expresses the urgency while talking to a child and rudeness while talking to an adult.
- Qalamni ol! Take the pen!
- Ket! Go away!