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Northern-uzbek Language Northern-uzbek Grammar: Imperative of verbs

From Polyglot Club WIKI

< Language‎ | Northern-uzbek‎ | Grammar
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The form of a verb that expresses a command is called imperative.


In Uzbek, the most common form in use is that of a 2nd form plural.


To form Uzbek imperative, drop infinitive suffix –moq and conjugate according to form. For example: bormoq (to go) – bor (go), kelmoq (to come) – kel (come).  


Uzbek-Language-PolyglotClub.png


In Uzbek imperative verbs express extremely important orders, warnings or the request for compliance. When the speaker gives a command regarding anyone else, it is still directed at the second person. When used with –ing or –ang added to the verbstem it expresses the formal polite form of request.


For example:

  • Chekmang! – Do not smoke!
  • Qalamni oling. – Take the pen.
  • Gapiring! – Speak!


The formal polite form is used to a person or to a group of people. The verb stem is always accented in speech. The informal imperative sentences are used without suffix –ing or –ang, it expresses the urgency while talking to a child and rudeness while talking to an adult.  


For example:  

  • Qalamni ol! Take the pen!
  • Ket! Go away!


Source[edit | edit source]

https://slaviccenters.duke.edu/sites/slaviccenters.duke.edu/files/file-attachments/uzbek.original.pdf

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