Language/Multiple-languages/Culture/Philosophical-and-Religious-Texts

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"The Deluge", frontispiece to Gustave Doré's illustrated edition of the Bible


This is a list of the most famous philosophical and religious texts.

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In progress.

Ancient Egyptian religion[edit | edit source]

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𓂋𓏤𓈒𓈒𓈒𓏌𓏤𓉐𓂋𓏏𓂻𓅓𓉔𓂋𓅱𓇳𓏤

rw n(y)w prt m hrw(w)

English https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Papyrus_of_Ani

Ancient Greek religion[edit | edit source]

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Οδύσσεια

Odýsseia

(Homer)

The Odyssey recounts the return home of the hero Ulysses after the Trojan War multiple languages https://el.wikisource.org/wiki/%CE%9F%CE%B4%CF%8D%CF%83%CF%83%CE%B5%CE%B9%CE%B1
Ἰλιάς

Iliás

The poem describes the events of the tenth and final year of the siege of Troy by the Greeks multiple languages https://el.wikisource.org/wiki/%CE%99%CE%BB%CE%B9%CE%AC%CF%82
Θεογονία

Theogoníā

(Hesiod)

A poem by Hesiod that describes the origin of the gods of Greek mythology as they were born and formed in human perception, following the first observations with the Earth (Gaia), the rivers, the vast sea, the shining stars and the vast sky above from everything. multiple languages https://el.wikisource.org/wiki/%CE%98%CE%B5%CE%BF%CE%B3%CE%BF%CE%BD%CE%AF%CE%B1

Ancient Iranian religion[edit | edit source]

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شاهنامه

Šāhnāme

Persian, Arabic, English https://fa.wikisource.org/wiki/%D8%B4%D8%A7%D9%87%D9%86%D8%A7%D9%85%D9%87

Ancient Mesopotamian religion[edit | edit source]

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Epic of Gilgamesh Epic poem from ancient Mesopotamia, regarded as the earliest surviving notable literature. It is a collection of legends and includes, among others, the famous myth of the Sumerian Flood. Hebrew, English, Portuguese https://he.wikisource.org/wiki/%D7%A7%D7%98%D7%92%D7%95%D7%A8%D7%99%D7%94:%D7%A2%D7%9C%D7%99%D7%9C%D7%95%D7%AA_%D7%92%D7%9C%D7%92%D7%9E%D7%A9https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epic_of_Gilgamesh

Ancient Roman religion[edit | edit source]

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Metamorphoseon libri multiple languages https://la.wikisource.org/wiki/Metamorphoses_(Ovidius)
Fasti Latin https://la.wikisource.org/wiki/Fasti

Aztec religion[edit | edit source]

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Chilám Balám

English https://www.holybooks.com/book-chilam-balam-chumayel/

Popol Vuh Spanish, Russian https://es.wikisource.org/wiki/Popol_Vuh

English https://www.holybooks.com/popol-vuh/

Baháʼí Faith[edit | edit source]

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الكتاب الأقدس

al-Kitāb al-Aqdas

English https://www.bahai.org/library/authoritative-texts/bahaullah/kitab-i-aqdas/

Buddhism[edit | edit source]

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वज्रच्छेदिकाप्रज्ञापारमितासूत्र

Vajracchedikāprajñāpāramitāsūtra

multiple languages https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Vajracchedik%C4%81_Praj%C3%B1%C4%81p%C4%81ramit%C4%81_S%C5%ABtra

Tibetan https://tibetan.works/etext/reader.php?collection=kangyur&index=18

प्रज्ञापारमिताहृदय

Prajñāpāramitāhṛdaya

multiple languages https://sa.wikisource.org/wiki/%E0%A4%AA%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%B0%E0%A4%9C%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%9E%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%AA%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%B0%E0%A4%AE%E0%A4%BF%E0%A4%A4%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%B9%E0%A5%83%E0%A4%A6%E0%A4%AF

Chinese Folk Religion[edit | edit source]

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山海經

Shǎn Hǎi Jīng

Chinese https://ctext.org/shan-hai-jing

拾遺記

Shí Yí Jì

Chinese https://zh.wikisource.org/wiki/%E6%8B%BE%E9%81%BA%E8%A8%98
封神演義

Fēng Shén Yǎnyì

Chinese https://ctext.org/fengshen-yanyi
西遊記

Xī Yóu Jì

Chinese https://ctext.org/xiyouji

Chinese Legalism[edit | edit source]

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韓非子

Hánfēi Zǐ

Chinese https://ctext.org/hanfeizi
商君書

Shāng Jūn Shū

Chinese, English https://ctext.org/shang-jun-shu
申不害

Shēn Búhài

Chinese, English https://ctext.org/shen-bu-hai
慎子

Shèn Zǐ

Chinese https://ctext.org/shenzi

Chinese Syncretism[edit | edit source]

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呂氏春秋

Lǚshì Chūnqīu

Chinese https://ctext.org/lv-shi-chun-qiu
淮南子

Huáinán Zǐ

Chinese https://ctext.org/huainanzi

Christianity[edit | edit source]

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ביבליה‎

Biblia

multiple languages https://www.bible.com/languages

multiple languages https://christos-c.com/bible/

English, Chinese https://bible.org/article/net-bible-download

Daoism[edit | edit source]

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道德經

Dàodé Jīng

Chinese, English https://ctext.org/dao-de-jing
莊子

Zhuāng Zǐ

Chinese, English https://ctext.org/zhuangzi
列子

Liè Zǐ

Chinese https://ctext.org/liezi

Empiricism[edit | edit source]

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An Essay Concerning Human Understanding

(Summary of Theology of Thomas Aquinas)

The view that all concepts originate in experience, all concepts are about or applicable to things that can be experienced, or that all rationally acceptable beliefs or propositions are justifiable or knowable only through experience. This definition accords with the derivation of the term empiricism from the ancient Greek word empeiria, “experience.” English, French https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/An_Essay_Concerning_Human_Understanding
A Treatise of Human Nature The Treatise is a classic statement of philosophical empiricism, scepticism, and naturalism. Hume defends a sentimentalist account of morality, arguing that ethics is based on sentiment and the passions rather than reason, and famously declaring that "reason is, and ought only to be the slave to the passions". English, French https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Treatise_of_Human_Nature

Epicureanism[edit | edit source]

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Κύριαι Δόξαι

Kūriai Dóxai

The basic principles of Epicurus philosophy Greek, French https://el.wikisource.org/wiki/%CE%9A%CF%8D%CF%81%CE%B9%CE%B1%CE%B9_%CE%94%CF%8C%CE%BE%CE%B1%CE%B9

English https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Principal_Doctrines

Hinduism[edit | edit source]

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रामायण

Rāmāyaṇa

Sanskrit, Engish https://readramayana.org/
महाभारतम्

Mahābhāratam

multiple languages https://sa.wikisource.org/wiki/%E0%A4%AE%E0%A4%B9%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%AD%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%B0%E0%A4%A4%E0%A4%AE%E0%A5%8D
पुराण

Purāṇa

Sanskrit https://sa.wikisource.org/wiki/%E0%A4%AA%E0%A5%81%E0%A4%B0%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%A3%E0%A4%AE%E0%A5%8D

Islam[edit | edit source]

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القرآن

al-Qurʾān

multiple languages https://github.com/mirfatif/NoorUlHuda

multiple languages https://mp3quran.net/

multiple languages https://quran.com/

multiple languages http://qurandownload.com/

Arabic, English https://corpus.quran.com/

Sunni
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صحيح البخاري

Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī

Arabic, Urdu, Bengali, English https://sunnah.com/bukhari
صحيح مسلم

Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim

Arabic, Urdu, Bengali, English https://sunnah.com/muslim
جامع الترمذي

Jamiʽ at-Tirmidhi

Arabic, Urdu, Bengali, English https://sunnah.com/tirmidhi
سنن أبي داود‎

Sunan Abī Dāwūd

Arabic, Urdu, Bengali, English https://sunnah.com/abudawud
السنن الصغرى

Al-Sunan al-Ṣughrā

سُنن ابن ماجه

Sunan Ibn Mājah

Shia
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ٱلْكَافِي

al-Kāfī

Arabic, English https://www.hubeali.com/online-books/online-english-books/
مَنْ لَا يَحْضُرُه ٱلْفَقِيه

Man lā Yaḥḍuruhu al-Faqīh

تَهْذِيب ٱلَأَحْكَام فِي شَرْح ٱلْمُقْنِعَه

Tahdhib al-Ahkam fi Sharh al-Muqni'ah

ٱلِٱسْتِبْصَار فِيمَا ٱخْتَلَف مِن ٱلْأَخْبَار

Al-Istibsar fi-ma ikhtalafa min al-Akhbar

Ibadi
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الجامع الصحيح

Al-Jāmiʿ al-Ṣaḥīḥ

ترتيب المسند

Tartib al-Musnad

Jainism[edit | edit source]

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षट्खण्डागम

Ṣaṭkhaṅḍāgama

Judaism[edit | edit source]

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תָּנָ״ךְ‎

Tānāḵ

Hebrew, English https://www.sefaria.org/texts/Tanakh

Hebrew https://mechon-mamre.org/i/t/t0.htm

English https://jps.org/download-the-tanakh-1917-translation/

English https://mechon-mamre.org/p/pt/pt0.htm

English https://www.chabad.org/library/bible_cdo/aid/63255/jewish/The-Bible-with-Rashi.htm

French https://mechon-mamre.org/f/ft/ft0.htm

תַּלְמוּד‎

Talmūḏ

Hebrew, English https://www.sefaria.org/texts/Talmud

Kantianism[edit | edit source]

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Critik der reinen Vernunft multiple languages https://de.wikisource.org/wiki/Critik_der_reinen_Vernunft_(1781)

Machiavellianism[edit | edit source]

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Il Principe multiple languages https://it.wikisource.org/wiki/Il_Principe

Mohism[edit | edit source]

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墨子

Mò Zǐ

Chinese, English https://ctext.org/mozi

Old Norse religion[edit | edit source]

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Sæmundar Edda multiple languages https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Poetic_Edda
Snorra Edda multiple languages https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Prose_Edda
Der Nibelunge liet English https://www.gutenberg.org/files/7321/7321-h/7321-h.htm
Beowulf English, French https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Beowulf

Peripatetic school (of Aristotle)[edit | edit source]

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Μεταφυσικά

Metàphusiká

The work of Aristotle, the first scientific research on the first principles and causes (causality) from which different beings derive their essential existence. It is the first metaphysical book in history. multiple languages https://el.wikisource.org/wiki/%CE%9C%CE%B5%CF%84%CE%B1%CF%86%CF%85%CF%83%CE%B9%CE%BA%CE%AC
Πολιτικά

Politiká

Aristotle's treatise on the science of political life. The subject is approached from the point of view of the city-state, considering that it is the one that contributes to the most fulfilled life of the citizen. multiple languages https://el.wikisource.org/wiki/%CE%A0%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%B9%CF%84%CE%B9%CE%BA%CE%AC
Ἠθικὰ Νικομάχεια

Ēthika Nikomacheia

It is one of three treatises that primarily analyze the forms and conditions of Aristotle's moral and intellectual virtue. multiple languages https://el.wikisource.org/wiki/%CE%97%CE%B8%CE%B9%CE%BA%CE%AC_%CE%9D%CE%B9%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BC%CE%AC%CF%87%CE%B5%CE%B9%CE%B1
Κατηγορίαι

Katēgoriai

Aristotle starts from the various abstract concepts - such as the color green, the concept tenderness, the concept low, slow, taste, and multiple - and tries to impose an order. He considers that each concept can be subordinated to a superior and thus arrives at the ten fundamental concepts which they call CATEGORIES multiple languages https://el.wikisource.org/wiki/%CE%9A%CE%B1%CF%84%CE%B7%CE%B3%CE%BF%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%B1%CE%B9

Platoism[edit | edit source]

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Φαίδων

Phaidōn

(Platon)

dialogues relating to the trial and execution of Socrates. multiple languages https://el.wikisource.org/wiki/%CE%A6%CE%B1%CE%AF%CE%B4%CF%89%CE%BD

Renaissance humanism[edit | edit source]

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Moriae encomium multiple languages https://la.wikisource.org/wiki/Moriae_encomium
Libellus vere aureus, nec minus salutaris quam festivus, de optimo rei publicae statu deque nova insula Utopia multiple languages https://la.wikisource.org/wiki/Utopia

Ruism[edit | edit source]

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論語

Lún Yǔ

Chinese, English https://ctext.org/analects
孟子

Mèng Zǐ

Chinese, English https://ctext.org/mengzi
荀子

Xún Zǐ

Chinese https://ctext.org/xunzi
Old Text School
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春秋穀梁傳

Chūnqiū Gǔliáng Zhuàn

Chinese https://ctext.org/guliang-zhuan

Scholasticism[edit | edit source]

Thomism
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Summa Theologiae

(Summary of Theology of Thomas Aquinas)

Reasoning for almost all points of Christian theology in the West, topics of the Summa follow the following cycle: God. Creation, Man, Man's purpose, Christ, the Sacraments, and back to God. Latin, English, Spanish https://la.wikisource.org/wiki/Summa_Theologiae

School of Diplomacy[edit | edit source]

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鬼谷子

Guǐ Gǔ Zǐ

Chinese https://ctext.org/gui-gu-zi
戰國策

Zhàn Guó Cè

Chinese https://ctext.org/zhan-guo-ce

School of Names[edit | edit source]

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公孫龍子

Gōngsūn Lóng Zǐ

Chinese https://ctext.org/gongsunlongzi

School of Military[edit | edit source]

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孫子兵法

Sūn Zǐ Bīng Fǎ

Chinese, English https://ctext.org/art-of-war
吳子

Wú Zǐ

Chinese, English https://ctext.org/wu-zi

Shintō[edit | edit source]

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古事記

Kojiki

multiple languages https://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/%E5%8F%A4%E4%BA%8B%E8%A8%98
日本書紀

Nihon Shoki

multiple languages https://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/%E6%97%A5%E6%9C%AC%E6%9B%B8%E7%B4%80

Sikhism[edit | edit source]

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ਗੁਰੂ ਗਰੰਥ ਸਾਹਿਬ

Guru Granth Sahib

Panjabi, English https://www.sikhnet.com/Siri-Guru-Granth-Sahib#tab-read

Stoicism[edit | edit source]

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Τὰ εἰς ἑαυτόν

Ta eis heauton

Personal notes by Marc Aurele, written in Greek, addressed to himself and his ideas on Stoical philosophy. Greek, English https://el.wikisource.org/wiki/%CE%A4%CE%B1_%CE%B5%CE%B9%CF%82_%CE%B5%CE%B1%CF%85%CF%84%CF%8C%CE%BD

Contributors

GrimPixel, Marianth and Vincent


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