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Multiple-languages Language Multiple-languages Culture: Input methods

From Polyglot Club WIKI

< Language‎ | Multiple-languages‎ | Culture
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Hello Polyglots!


On this page, we list our selection of keyboard to type in the different alphabets. This list is not exhaustive.


  • Recommended multilingual keyboard for Android: Multiling O keyboard:

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=kl.ime.oh


  • Recommended typing tutor software: Klavaro:

http://klavaro.sourceforge.net/en/index.html


  • Keyboard editor for Windows:

https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=102134


  • Keyboard editor for macOS:

https://pqrs.org/osx/karabiner/


  • Keyboard editing guidance for Linux:

http://rlog.rgtti.com/2014/05/01/how-to-modify-a-keyboard-layout-in-linux/

Latin[edit | edit source]

QWERTY[edit | edit source]

It's created in the 1870s by Christopher Latham Sholes. But it's designed to avoid key stuck in typewriters, so it provides the possibility for better alternatives in computers.

Its main advantage is the overwhelming amount of user, most keyboard shortcuts are designed according to it.

There are a lot of variants of it to input other languages written in Latin script.

1200px-KB United States-NoAltGr.svg.png

Dvorak[edit | edit source]

It's created by August Dvorak and William Dealey in 1936.

Its main advantage is efficient.

1200px-KB United States Dvorak.svg.png

It also has a right hand and a left hand variants.

Colemak[edit | edit source]

It's created by Shai Coleman and released in 2006.

Its main advantage is convenient and multilingual.

Official website:

https://colemak.com/

Variants include Rulemak and Greek Colemak.

1200px-KB US-Colemak with AltGr.svg.png

Workman[edit | edit source]

Its main advantage is convenience.

Official website:

http://workmanlayout.org/

Workman layout.png

Turkish F[edit | edit source]

1200px-KB Turkey f yeni.svg.png

French AZERTY[edit | edit source]

Azerty.png

The Ministry of Culture wishes to improve the French keyboard.

2 new keyboards are suggested:

Improved AZERTY[edit | edit source]

Clavier-azerty-780x324.png

The 26 letters of the alphabet and the numbers do not change place, unlike some other signs such as certain accented vowels, at sign, braces ...

The point becomes accessible without passing the capital key.

Accented uppercase letters are also made possible.

The range of typographic signs is widened, to facilitate the creation without using professional software.

BÉPO[edit | edit source]

Clavier-bepo-780x325.png

There are already many BÉPO keyboards and its supporters say that this is the most logical layout of the keys currently available for the French language.

The counterpart is that you have to completely learn to write on a keyboard.

Vietnamese[edit | edit source]

1200px-KB Vietnamese.svg.png

International Phonetic Alphabet[edit | edit source]

http://ipa.typeit.org/full/

Cyrillic[edit | edit source]

JCUKEN[edit | edit source]

It's commonly called Windows layout, for Russian, and there is a variant of it for Ukranian.

KB Russian.svg.png

Bulgarian[edit | edit source]

It's based on QWERTY.

Bulgarian keyboard win.png

Serbian[edit | edit source]

It's based on QWERTZ.

QWERTZ Srpska tastatura.jpg

Han[edit | edit source]

Zhuyin (Bopomofo)[edit | edit source]

It's a set of phonetic notes created by the Beiyang Government in the 1910s. Later it came into computers.

Its main advantage is easy to learn.

It's the most popular in Taiwan.

BPMF-Keyboard.png

Pinyin[edit | edit source]

It's a romanization created by many linguists in the 1950s and published by Government of China in 1958 and has been revised several times. Later it came into computers.

It follows the system's keyboard, usually QWERTY.

Its main advantage is easy to learn.

It's the most popular in China.

Cangjie[edit | edit source]

It's created by Chu Bong-Foo and named by Chiang Wei-Kuo in 1976, to input Traditional Chinese by making characters up with parts, later it became available for Simplified Chinese, Kanji, Hanja, Hán Nôm.

Mr. Chu waived his copyright for common good.

Its main advantage is efficient, being able to input uncommon characters and to input characters without knowing its pronunciation.

There are mainly two versions, 3 and 5, the latter is more reasonable.

The Cangjie coming with Windows 10 is version 3.

Layout of Cangjie:

Keyboard layout cangjie.png

Secondary characters (the red are added in Cangjie 5):

Cangjie-key.jpg

The inventor's website:

http://www.cbflabs.com/

Software 倉頡平台 for Windows:

http://www.chinesecj.com/forum/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=193324

Cangjie 5 practice software 倉頡打字通:

http://www.wb98.com/down.htm:

Cangjie course, based on version 3

http://dylansung.tripod.com/methods/cangjie.htm:

Cangjie course in Chinese:

https://zh.wikibooks.org/wiki/%E5%80%89%E9%A0%A1%E8%BC%B8%E5%85%A5%E6%B3%95

Cangjie 3 code dictionary:

http://input.foruto.com/cjdict/Search_1.php

Cangjie 5 code dictionary:

http://www.chinesecj.com/cj5dict/

Cangjie on Linux is available through fcitx or IBus. The package names are fcitx-table-cangjie and ibus-table-cangjie.

Sucheng[edit | edit source]

A variant of Cangjie, only to input the initial and the final parts and then select from candidates.

Wubi[edit | edit source]

It's created by Wang Yongmin in 1986, to input Simplified Chinese by making characters up with parts.

Its main advantage is efficient and being able to input characters without knowing its pronunciation.

There are mainly three versions, 86, 98 and New-century. The former the more popular, but the latter the more reasonable.

The Wubi coming with Windows 10 is version 86, but unofficial thesauruses for other Wubi input software are available.

The layout of Wubi 86:

Wubi86.jpg

The layout of Wubi 98:

Wubi98-18030.jpg

The layout of Wubi New-century:

WubiNewCentury.jpg

Software 极点五笔 for Windows:

http://www.freewb.org/

Wubi practice software 五笔打字通 for 86 and 王码打字通 for 98:

http://www.wb98.com/down.htm

Wubi course, based on version 86:

http://chinesemac.org/wubi/xing.html

Wubi course in Chinese, based on version 86:

http://soft.zol.com.cn/22/224137_all.html

Wubi code dictionary:

http://www.wangma.com.cn/query/wmhz1.asp

Official website:

http://www.wangma.net.cn/

Wubi on Linux is available through fcitx or IBus. The package names are fcitx-table-wubi and ibus-table-wubi.

Handwriting input[edit | edit source]

To input by handwriting recognition.

Its main advantage is enabling to input characters without knowing its pronunciation (many can show it), and to input uncommon characters.

Japanese[edit | edit source]

Romaji input[edit | edit source]

There are several types of Romanization in Japanese, in which the most widely-used is Hepburn, created by James Curtis Hepburn in 1867. Later it came into computers.

It follows the system's keyboard, usually QWERTY.

Its main advantage is easy to learn.

Kana input[edit | edit source]

Its main advantage is efficient.

It's the most popular in Japan.

1200px-KB Japanese.svg.png

Flick input[edit | edit source]

It's for mobile phones, input by flicking finger from a position to a direction.

Its main advantage is efficient.

It's the most popular in Japan.

Flick keyboard layout.svg.png

Korean[edit | edit source]

Dubeolsik[edit | edit source]

Its main advantage is easy to learn.

It's the most popular in Korea.

1200px-KB South Korea.svg.png

Sebeolsik Final[edit | edit source]

Its main advantage is ergonomic. Its main disadvantage is using the number row and frequent need of pressing the Shift key.

KB Sebeolsik Flnal.svg.png

Ahnmatae[edit | edit source]

Its main advantage is easy to learn with clear division of the first consonant, vowel and final consonant. Its main disadvantage is using non-home row frequently.

Official website (currently down):

http://www.ahnmatae.org/

1280px-KB Ahnmatae Phonetic Hangul Keyboard.svg.png

New Sebeolsik[edit | edit source]

Its main advantage is clear division of the first consonant, vowel and final consonant. Its main disadvantage is burdening the left hand.

Its final version is unsettled yet.

Official blog category:

https://pat.im/category/%ED%95%9C%EA%B8%80%20%EC%9E%90%ED%8C%90/%EC%8B%A0%EC%84%B8%EB%B2%8C%EC%8B%9D

Latest version:

KB Sin SeBeolSig P2.png

Romaja[edit | edit source]

There are several types of Romanization in Korean, in which the most widely-used is Revised Romanization, created by the National Academy of the Korean Language in 2000. Later it came into computers.

It follows the system's keyboard, usually QWERTY.

Its main advantage is easy to learn. Its main disadvantage is causing some inconvenience for some words like “Hangeul”.

Arabic[edit | edit source]

IBM PC Arabic Keyboard[edit | edit source]

1200px-KB Arabic.svg.png

Mac Arabic Keyboard[edit | edit source]

1200px-KB Arabic MAC.svg.png

Greek[edit | edit source]

It's based on QWERTY.

1200px-KB Greek.svg.png

Brahmic scripts[edit | edit source]

Inscript[edit | edit source]

It's a set of keyboards standardized by Government of India in 1986.

Bangla[edit | edit source]

Bangla-Inscript-Layout.jpg

Devanagari[edit | edit source]

Devnagari-Inscript-Layout.jpg

Gujarati[edit | edit source]

Gujarati-Inscript-Layout.jpg

Kannada[edit | edit source]

Kannada-Inscript-Layout.jpg

Malayalam[edit | edit source]

Malayalam-Inscript-Layout.jpg

Oriya[edit | edit source]

Oriya-Inscript-Layout.jpg

Punjabi[edit | edit source]

Punjabi-Inscript-Layout.jpg

Tamil[edit | edit source]

Tamil-Inscript-Layout.jpg

Telugu[edit | edit source]

Telugu-Inscript-Layout.jpg

Kedmanee[edit | edit source]

It's created for Thai.

Thai keyboard layout.png

Pattachote[edit | edit source]

It's created by Sarit Pattachote for Thai.

Pattajoti.gif

Hebrew[edit | edit source]

Hebrew keyboard layout.png

Author[edit | edit source]

Grimpixel

Contributors

GrimPixel, Vincent and 112.229.16.220


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