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Modern-greek-1453 Language Modern-greek-1453 Grammar: The conjugations in Greek

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Verb Conjugations in Greek


Verbs are words that state something about the subject of the sentence and the citation form of the Greek verb is denoted by the 1st person singular of the simple present tense.


In the Greek language, verbs are grouped together according to their conjugations. Each conjugation has its own specific set of endings. In the Greek language, there are twο types of conjugations that all vary according to the ending, in a’ conjugation and b΄conjugation.


When a verb has an accent that falls in the syllable just before the final -ω of the first person singular form of the verb, this word is classified as a first conjugation verb.


First conjugation of verbs in Greek[edit | edit source]

When a verb has an accent that falls in the syllable just before the final ω of the first person singular form of the verb, this word is classified as a first conjugation verb. The endings of the verb are boldfaced. In the example, we will be looking at the verb γράφω (grapho), which mean to write.


γράφω  grapho I write
γράφεις  graphis  you write (singular)
γράφει  graphi she, it writes 
γράφουμε  graphoume we write
γράφετε  graphete you write (plural)
γράφουν   graphoun they write 


Second conjugation of verbs in Greek[edit | edit source]

Second conjugation verbs, also referred to as β' συζυγία : β' conjugation, are those that are conjugated a certain way based on where the accent is in the word falls. In this case, the verb would end with “ώ” or an “Omega” with an accent over it. Here’s a look at some common verbs that are in this group:


The verbs of the second conjugation are divided into two classes:

First Class[edit | edit source]

The first class belong the verbs of the second conjugation which end in:

  • -ώ, -άς, -ά in the active voice
  • ιέμαι, -ιέσαι, -ιέται in the passive voice

Second Class[edit | edit source]

The second class belong the verbs of the second conjugation which end in:

  • -ώ, -είς, -εί  in the active voice
  • -ούμαι, -είσαι, or -ούμαι /, -άσαι, -άται in passive voice


Here’s a look at how these verbs are conjugated, using one of the verbs as an example: 


αγαπώ agapo I love
αγαπάς agapas you love
αγαπά agapa he, she, it loves 
αγαπάμε αγαπάμε we love 
αγαπάτε αγαπάτε you (pl) love 
αγαπούν αγαπούν they love


Though Greek has changed greatly, it preserved the vocabulary, general characteristics of phonetics and grammar of the Ancient Greek.

Sources[edit | edit source]

https://www.verbix.com/languages/greek.html


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