From Polyglot Club WIKI
Hi, Polyglots! 😃
Welcome to the Mandarin Chinese learning page!
You will find many Free resources below to learn and practice this language.
Enjoy your learning journey with Polyglot Club! 😊
Facts about Mandarin Chinese[edit | edit source]
- Mandarin is a group of Sinitic languages natively spoken across most of China. The group includes the Beijing dialect, the basis of the phonology of Standard Chinese.
- Chinese is the language with the most native speakers(About 1.3 billion people, approximately 16% of the world's population).
- Chinese is a tonal language.
- Chinese is a logographic language and has nearly eighty thousand unique characters that came from hieroglyphs.
- Language code (ISO 639-3):
- Autonyms (how to write "Mandarin Chinese" in Mandarin Chinese):
官話 / 官话 / 普通话 / 國語 / 华语 / 華語
- Other names for "Mandarin Chinese":
Beifang Fangyan, Beijinghua, Mandarin, Northern Chinese, Standard Chinese, Zhongguohua, Tayok, Hoton, Hui, Hui-Zu, Hytad, Khoton, Qotong, Xui
- The Mandarin Chinese language is spoken in:
Furthur readings: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mandarin_Chinese, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Mandarin-language, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Chinese-languages, https://glottolog.org/resource/languoid/id/mand1415.
Mandarin Chinese Dictionaries[edit | edit source]
• Reverso-Collins: Chinese-English dictionary
• Lin Yutang: Chinese-English dictionary of modern usage (1972)
• Dict.cn: Chinese-English dictionary
• Mdbg: Chinese-English dictionary: simplified & traditional (+ audio)
• Xiaoma: Chinese-English dictionary
• Mandarin tools: Chinese-English dictionary simplified & traditional (+ audio)
• Chinese etymology: etymological dictionary
• Zhongwen.com: English-Chinese dictionary etymology
• Shtooka: Chinese words, with translation (audio)
• Tatoeba: sentences in Chinese, with translation (audio)
• 教育部重編國語辭典修訂本 : Revised Mandarin Chinese dictionary edited by the Ministry of Education, Taiwan (1994)
• Chinese Bible words: vocabulary of the biblical terms
• The Chinese names of the four directions by Laurent Sagart, in Journal of the American Oriental Society (2004)
• English and Chinese standard dictionary edited by 颜惠庆 (Yan Huiqing) (1920)
• Mandarin romanised dictionary of Chinese by Donald MacGillivray (1918) (Latin & Chinese characters)
• Analytical Chinese-English dictionary by Frederick William Baller (1900)
• Analytical vocabulary of the New Testament by Frederick William Baller (1907)
• English and Chinese dictionary by William Lobscheids (1884)
• Dictionary of the Chinese language by Robert Morrison (1865)
• Dictionary of idiomatic English phrases by James Main Dixon, translated by Chan Chi Lan (1909)
• Dictionary of colloquial idioms in the Mandarin dialect, by Herbert Giles (1873)
• Guide to conversation in the English and Chinese languages by Stanislas Hernisz (1854)
• Fragments of Confucian lore, a selection of short quotations with the original text, by Thomas Ferguson (1920)
Multiple languages, bidirectional
Min Nan Chinese https://zh.wikisource.org/wiki/%E5%9C%8B%E8%87%BA%E5%B0%8D%E7%85%A7%E6%B4%BB%E7%94%A8%E8%BE%AD%E5%85%B8 [offl.d PL]
- https://chine.in/mandarin/dictionnaire/ [offl.db PL]
Sources:[edit | edit source]