Language/Mandarin-chinese

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Hi, Polyglots! 😃


Welcome to the Mandarin Chinese learning page!


You will find many Free resources below to learn and practice this language.


Enjoy your learning journey with Polyglot Club! 😊

Facts about Mandarin Chinese[edit | edit source]

  • Mandarin is a group of Sinitic languages[1] natively spoken across most of China. The group includes the Beijing dialect, the basis of the phonology of Standard Chinese.
  • Chinese is the language with the most native speakers(About 1.3 billion people, approximately 16% of the world's population).
  • Chinese is a tonal[2] language.
  • Chinese is a logographic[3] language and has nearly eighty thousand unique characters that came from hieroglyphs[4].
  • Language code (ISO 639-3): cmn
  • Autonyms (how to write "Mandarin Chinese" in Mandarin Chinese): 官話 / 官话 / 普通话 / 國語 / 华语 / 華語
  • Other names for "Mandarin Chinese": Beifang Fangyan, Beijinghua, Mandarin, Northern Chinese, Standard Chinese, Zhongguohua, Tayok, Hoton, Hui, Hui-Zu, Hytad, Khoton, Qotong, Xui
  • The Mandarin Chinese language is spoken in: China


Furthur readings: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mandarin_Chinese, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Mandarin-language, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Chinese-languages, https://glottolog.org/resource/languoid/id/mand1415.


Mandarin Chinese Dictionaries[edit | edit source]

• Chinese tools: Chinese-English dictionary, French & other languages, Chinese (meanings)

• Reverso-Collins: Chinese-English dictionary

• Lin Yutang: Chinese-English dictionary of modern usage (1972)

• LineDict: Chinese-English dictionary (+ audio)

• Dict.cn: Chinese-English dictionary

• Mdbg: Chinese-English dictionary: simplified & traditional (+ audio)

• Xiaoma: Chinese-English dictionary

• Mandarin tools: Chinese-English dictionary simplified & traditional (+ audio)

• Chinese etymology: etymological dictionary

• Zhongwen.com: English-Chinese dictionary etymology

• Shtooka: Chinese words, with translation (audio)

• Tatoeba: sentences in Chinese, with translation (audio)

• 教育部重編國語辭典修訂本 : Revised Mandarin Chinese dictionary edited by the Ministry of Education, Taiwan (1994)

• Chinese Bible words: vocabulary of the biblical terms

• The Chinese names of the four directions by Laurent Sagart, in Journal of the American Oriental Society (2004)

• English and Chinese standard dictionary edited by 颜惠庆 (Yan Huiqing) (1920)

• Mandarin romanised dictionary of Chinese by Donald MacGillivray (1918) (Latin & Chinese characters)

• Analytical Chinese-English dictionary by Frederick William Baller (1900)

• Analytical vocabulary of the New Testament by Frederick William Baller (1907)

• English and Chinese dictionary by William Lobscheids (1884)

• Vocabulary and hand-book of the Chinese language romanized in the Mandarin dialect, by Justus Doolittle (1872): I & II

• Dictionary of the Chinese language by Robert Morrison (1865)

• Dictionary of idiomatic English phrases by James Main Dixon, translated by Chan Chi Lan (1909)

• Dictionary of colloquial idioms in the Mandarin dialect, by Herbert Giles (1873)

• Guide to conversation in the English and Chinese languages by Stanislas Hernisz (1854)

• Fragments of Confucian lore, a selection of short quotations with the original text, by Thomas Ferguson (1920)

Multiple languages, bidirectional

Mandarin Chinese

Min Nan Chinese https://zh.wikisource.org/wiki/%E5%9C%8B%E8%87%BA%E5%B0%8D%E7%85%A7%E6%B4%BB%E7%94%A8%E8%BE%AD%E5%85%B8 [offl.d PL]

English

French

German https://handedict.zydeo.net/de [offl.db PL]

Hungarian

Japanese https://ctrans.org/

Russian

Sources:[edit | edit source]

Free Mandarin Chinese Lessons[edit | edit source]

Language Exchange[edit | edit source]

Forum[edit | edit source]

Tools[edit | edit source]

Marketplace[edit | edit source]

Last Lessons[edit | edit source]

Question Words — Chinese Art and Entertainment Scene — Negation and Conjunctions — Current Events and Issues in China and Beyond — China's Economy and Business Landscape — Tourist Attractions and Transportation — Country Names and Nationalities — Chinese and International Cities — Superlative Form and Usage — Comparative Form and Usage — Chinese Knots and Paper cutting — Chinese Opera and Drama — Chinese Calligraphy and Painting — Emotions and Feelings — Personality Traits and Characteristics — Professions and Jobs — Demonstrative Pronouns and Interrogative Pronouns — Personal Pronouns and Possessive Pronouns — Common and Proper Nouns — China's Great Wall — Famous Chinese Mountains and Rivers — China's Four Great Ancient Capitals — Music and Film — Outdoor Activities and Nature — Sports and Exercise — Leisure Activities and Hobbies — Complex Verb Phrases — Modal Verbs and Auxiliary Verbs — Action Verbs and Stative Verbs — Double Ninth Festival and Chongyang Cake

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