Language/Mandarin-chinese

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Hi, Polyglots! 😃


Welcome to the Mandarin Chinese learning page!


You will find many Free resources below to learn and practice this language.


Enjoy your learning journey with Polyglot Club! 😊

Facts about Mandarin Chinese[edit | edit source]

  • Mandarin is a group of Sinitic languages[1] natively spoken across most of China. The group includes the Beijing dialect, the basis of the phonology of Standard Chinese.
  • Chinese is the language with the most native speakers(About 1.3 billion people, approximately 16% of the world's population).
  • Chinese is a tonal[2] language.
  • Chinese is a logographic[3] language and has nearly eighty thousand unique characters that came from hieroglyphs[4].
  • Language code (ISO 639-3): cmn
  • Autonyms (how to write "Mandarin Chinese" in Mandarin Chinese): 官話 / 官话 / 普通话 / 國語 / 华语 / 華語
  • Other names for "Mandarin Chinese": Beifang Fangyan, Beijinghua, Mandarin, Northern Chinese, Standard Chinese, Zhongguohua, Tayok, Hoton, Hui, Hui-Zu, Hytad, Khoton, Qotong, Xui
  • The Mandarin Chinese language is spoken in: China


Furthur readings: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mandarin_Chinese, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Mandarin-language, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Chinese-languages, https://glottolog.org/resource/languoid/id/mand1415.


Mandarin Chinese Dictionaries[edit | edit source]

Chinese tools: Chinese-English dictionary, French & other languages, Chinese (meanings)

Reverso-Collins: Chinese-English dictionary

Lin Yutang: Chinese-English dictionary of modern usage (1972)

LineDict: Chinese-English dictionary (+ audio)

Dict.cn: Chinese-English dictionary

Mdbg: Chinese-English dictionary: simplified & traditional (+ audio)

Xiaoma: Chinese-English dictionary

Mandarin tools: Chinese-English dictionary simplified & traditional (+ audio)

Chinese etymology: etymological dictionary

Zhongwen.com: English-Chinese dictionary etymology

Shtooka: Chinese words, with translation (audio)

Tatoeba: sentences in Chinese, with translation (audio)

教育部重編國語辭典修訂本 : Revised Mandarin Chinese dictionary edited by the Ministry of Education, Taiwan (1994)

Chinese Bible words: vocabulary of the biblical terms

The Chinese names of the four directions by Laurent Sagart, in Journal of the American Oriental Society (2004)

English and Chinese standard dictionary edited by 颜惠庆 (Yan Huiqing) (1920)

Mandarin romanised dictionary of Chinese by Donald MacGillivray (1918) (Latin & Chinese characters)

Analytical Chinese-English dictionary by Frederick William Baller (1900)

Analytical vocabulary of the New Testament by Frederick William Baller (1907)

English and Chinese dictionary by William Lobscheids (1884)

Vocabulary and hand-book of the Chinese language romanized in the Mandarin dialect, by Justus Doolittle (1872): I & II

Dictionary of the Chinese language by Robert Morrison (1865)

Dictionary of idiomatic English phrases by James Main Dixon, translated by Chan Chi Lan (1909)

Dictionary of colloquial idioms in the Mandarin dialect, by Herbert Giles (1873)

Guide to conversation in the English and Chinese languages by Stanislas Hernisz (1854)

Fragments of Confucian lore, a selection of short quotations with the original text, by Thomas Ferguson (1920)

Multiple languages, bidirectional

Mandarin Chinese

Min Nan Chinese https://zh.wikisource.org/wiki/%E5%9C%8B%E8%87%BA%E5%B0%8D%E7%85%A7%E6%B4%BB%E7%94%A8%E8%BE%AD%E5%85%B8 [offl.d PL]

English

French

German https://handedict.zydeo.net/de [offl.db PL]

Hungarian

Japanese https://ctrans.org/

Russian

Sources:[edit | edit source]

Free Mandarin Chinese Lessons[edit | edit source]

Language Exchange[edit | edit source]

Forum[edit | edit source]

Tools[edit | edit source]

Marketplace[edit | edit source]

Contributors


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