Language/Iranian-persian/Pronunciation/Farsi-vs-Arabic

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Farsi VS Arabic Languages
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Persian is written with the letters of the Arabic alphabet and from right to left like Arabic, but the language remains very different from Arabic.

Persian is an Indo-European language, therefore from the same family as most European languages (including French). Arabic is a Semitic language, from the same family as Hebrew, Aramaic and Amharic (Ethiopia).

However Persian has been adopting a large number of loanwords from Arabic.

We can compare the situation to English, which has adopted a large number of French words, while remaining a Germanic language.

Note that modern Persian is written in the Arabic alphabet, with a few small adaptations.

Persian VS Arabic letters[edit | edit source]

Here are all the letters of the Persian and Arabic alphabets. Every letter in Arabic exists in Persian, but Persian has four additional letters, shown below:

Name (Persian) Letter (isolated) Arabic/Persian
hamze ء In both
ʾalef ا In both, but pronunciation is different
be ب In both
pe پ Persian only, pronounced p
te ت In both
se ث In both, but pronunciation is different
jim ج In both
che چ Persian only, pronounced ch
haa-ye jimi ح In both, but pronunciation is different
khe خ In both
daal د In both
zaal ذ In both, but pronunciation is different
re ر In both
ze ز In both
zhe ژ Persian only
sin س In both
shin ش In both
saad ص In both, but pronunciation is different
zaad ض In both, but pronunciation is different
taa ط In both, but pronunciation is different
zaa ظ In both, but pronunciation is different
ʿayn ع In both, but pronunciation is different
ghayn غ In both
fe ف In both
qaff ق In both, but pronunciation is different
kaaf ک In both
gaaf گ Persian only, pronounced g
laam ل In both
mim م In both
nun ن In both
vaav و In both, but pronunciation is different
haa-ye do-cheshme ه In both
ye ی In both

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