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Iranian-persian Language Iranian-persian Grammar: Adjectives

From Polyglot Club WIKI

< Language‎ | Iranian-persian‎ | Grammar
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Persian Grammar ➡ Adjectives
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Hello everybody,

In the persian language, we have different kinds of adjectives:

adjectives before the noun[edit | edit source]

There are 5 kinds:

Numerals[edit | edit source]

1 - yek - یک

2 - do - دو

3 - se - سه

4 - chahar - چهار

5 - panj - پنج

6 - shesh - شش

7 - haft - هفت

8 - hasht - هشت

9 - noh - نه

10 - dah - ده

11 - yazdah - یازده

12 - davazdah - دوازده

13 - sizdah - سیزده

14 - chahardah - چهارده

15 - panzdah - پانزده

16 - shanzdad - شانزده

17 - hefdah - هفده

18 - hejdad - هجده

19 - nouzdah - نوزده

20 - bist - بیست

21 - bist_o_yek - بیست و یک

29 - bist_o_noh - بیست و نه

30 - si - سی

40 - chehel - چهل

50 - panjah - پنجاه

60- shast - شصت

70 - haftad - هفتاد

80 - hashtad - هشتاد

90 - navad - نود

100 - sad - صد

200 - devist - دویست

300 - sisad - سیصد

500 - pansad - پانصد

900 - nohsad - نهصد

1000 - hezar - هزار

2000 - dohezar - دوهزار

99000 - navad_o_noh hezar - نود و نه هزار

999000 - nohsad_o_navad_o_noh_hezar - نهصد و نود و نه هزار

1000000 - yek milyoun - یک میلیون

Serial numbers[edit | edit source]

first/second/third/... avalin/dovomin/sevomin/chaharomin/panjomin/sheshomin/haftomin/hashtomin/nohomin/dahomin

Questions[edit | edit source]

what - cheh - چه

how - chetor - چطور

which - kodam - کدام

Demonstratives[edit | edit source]

this - in - این

that - aan - آن

Unconscious adjectives[edit | edit source]

some/number/.....chand/te,dadi/ghadri/meghdari...

Adjectives after the noun[edit | edit source]

Natural adjectives[edit | edit source]

that there are natural in persian language and we have not make them or change other words to make these adjectives... we called these adjectives as "natural adjectives".

  • such as :colours:green.red.black (sabz.ghermez.siah)
  • ages:old.young (pir.javan)
  • flavours:hot.sweet.bitter (tond.shirin.talkh)

Artificial adjectives[edit | edit source]

that these adjectives were other kind of words such as :

  • nouns/verbs &etc...

we have change them with addition suffix or preffix to them

these adjectives divide to 3 kind:

  1. subject adjectives
  2. object adjectives
  3. relative adjective

We will consider them in separate study.

good luck

human chizfahm daneshmandian

Contributors

Vincent


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