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Iranian-persian Language Iranian-persian Grammar: «Adjectives»

From Polyglot Club WIKI

< Language‎ | Iranian-persian‎ | Grammar
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In the persian language, we have different kinds of adjectives:

adjectives before the noun[edit | edit source]

There are 5 kinds:

Numerals[edit | edit source]

1 - yek - یک

2 - do - دو

3 - se - سه

4 - chahar - چهار

5 - panj - پنج

6 - shesh - شش

7 - haft - هفت

8 - hasht - هشت

9 - noh - نه

10 - dah - ده

11 - yazdah - یازده

12 - davazdah - دوازده

13 - sizdah - سیزده

14 - chahardah - چهارده

15 - panzdah - پانزده

16 - shanzdad - شانزده

17 - hefdah - هفده

18 - hejdad - هجده

19 - nouzdah - نوزده

20 - bist - بیست

21 - bist_o_yek - بیست و یک

29 - bist_o_noh - بیست و نه

30 - si - سی

40 - chehel - چهل

50 - panjah - پنجاه

60- shast - شصت

70 - haftad - هفتاد

80 - hashtad - هشتاد

90 - navad - نود

100 - sad - صد

200 - devist - دویست

300 - sisad - سیصد

500 - pansad - پانصد

900 - nohsad - نهصد

1000 - hezar - هزار

2000 - dohezar - دوهزار

99000 - navad_o_noh hezar - نود و نه هزار

999000 - nohsad_o_navad_o_noh_hezar - نهصد و نود و نه هزار

1000000 - yek milyoun - یک میلیون

Serial numbers[edit | edit source]

first/second/third/... avalin/dovomin/sevomin/chaharomin/panjomin/sheshomin/haftomin/hashtomin/nohomin/dahomin

Questions[edit | edit source]

what - cheh - چه

how - chetor - چطور

which - kodam - کدام

Demonstratives[edit | edit source]

this - in - این

that - aan - آن

Unconscious adjectives[edit | edit source]

some/number/.....chand/te,dadi/ghadri/meghdari...

Adjectives after the noun[edit | edit source]

Natural adjectives[edit | edit source]

that there are natural in persian language and we have not make them or change other words to make these adjectives... we called these adjectives as "natural adjectives".

  • such as :colours:green.red.black (sabz.ghermez.siah)
  • ages:old.young (pir.javan)
  • flavours:hot.sweet.bitter (tond.shirin.talkh)

Artificial adjectives[edit | edit source]

that these adjectives were other kind of words such as :

  • nouns/verbs &etc...

we have change them with addition suffix or preffix to them

these adjectives divide to 3 kind:

  1. subject adjectives
  2. object adjectives
  3. relative adjective

We will consider them in separate study.

good luck

human chizfahm daneshmandian

Contributors

Vincent, Marianthi, Chizfahm, Bahman 254, Moji norou, Elham86 and Mohammad3fm

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