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German Language German Grammar: «Conditional Tense»

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Some Verbs in the Conditional Tense in German[edit | edit source]

Table with the finalizations in the Conditional Tense[edit | edit source]

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Pronouns in English Conditional Tense Pronouns in Brazilian Portuguese
I would ... Pronoun + würde + verb in the infinitive Eu + verbo no condicional
You would ... Pronoun + würdest + verb in the infinitive Você + verbo no condicional
He would ... Pronoun + würde + verb in the infinitive Ele + verbo no condicional
She would ... Pronoun + würde + verb in the infinitive Ela + verbo no condicional
We would ... Pronoun + würden + verb in the infinitive Nós + verbo no condicional
You would ... Pronoun + würdet + verb in the infinitive Vocês + verbo no condicional
They would ... Pronoun + würden + verb in the infinitive Eles + verbo no condicional
They would ... Pronoun + würden + verb in the infinitive Elas + verbo no condicional

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Verb : To work (arbeiten)[edit | edit source]

Pronouns

English

ENGLISH PRONUNCIATION

ENGLISH

GERMAN PRONUNCIATION

BRAZILIAN

PORTUGUESE

Pronouns

Brazilian

Portuguese

BRAZILIAN

PORTUGUESE

I would work ih kh vewr deh

ahr bye tehn

Ich würde

arbeiten

iCH vyyr de

ar bái ten

Eu trabalharia
You would work dou vewr deh stih

ahr bye tehn

Du würdest

arbeiten

du vyyr des ti

ar bái ten

Você trabalharia
He would work ehr vewr deh

ahr bye tehn

Er würde

arbeiten

ér vyyr de

ar bái ten

Ele trabalharia
She would work zee vewr deh

ahr bye tehn

sie würde

arbeiten

zii vyyr de

ar bái ten

Ela trabalharia
We would work vee uhr vewr dehn

ahr bye tehn

Wir würden

arbeiten

víâr vyyr den

ar bái ten

Nós trabalharíamos
You would work (plur) ih uhr vewr deht

ahr bye tehn

Ihr würdet

arbeiten

íâr vyyr det

ar bái ten

Vocês trabalhariam
They would work (masc) zee vewr dehn

ahr bye tehn

Sie würden

arbeiten

zii vyyr den

ar bái ten

Eles trabalhariam
They would work (fem) zee vewr dehn

ahr bye tehn

Sie würden

arbeiten

zii vyyr den

ar bái ten

Elas Elas trabalham

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Verb : To buy (kaufen)[edit | edit source]

Pronouns

English

ENGLISH PRONUNCIATION

ENGLISH

GERMAN PRONUNCIATION

BRAZILIAN

PORTUGUESE

Pronouns

Brazilian

Portuguese

BRAZILIAN

PORTUGUESE

I would buy ih kh vewr deh

cow fehn

Ich würde

kaufen

iCH vyyr de

káu fen

Eu compraria
You would buy dou vewr deh stih

cow fehn

Du würdest

kaufen

du vyyr des ti

káu fen

Você compraria
He would buy ehr vewr deh

cow fehn

Er würde

kaufen

ér vyyr de

káu fen

Ele compraria
She would buy zee vewr deh

cow fehn

sie würde

kaufen

zii vyyr de

káu fen

Ela compraria
We would buy vee uhr vewr dehn

cow fehn

Wir würden

kaufen

víâr vyyr den

káu fen

Nós compraríamos
You would buy (plur) ih uhr vewr deht

cow fehn

Ihr würdet

kaufen

íâr vyyr det

káu fen

Vocês comprariam
They would buy (masc) zee vewr dehn

cow fehn

Sie würden

kaufen

zii vyyr den

káu fen

Eles comprariam
They would buy (fem) zee vewr dehn

cow fehn

Sie würden

kaufen

zii vyyr den

káu fen

Elas comprariam

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Verb : To come (ankommen)[edit | edit source]

Pronouns

English

ENGLISH PRONUNCIATION

ENGLISH

GERMAN PRONUNCIATION

BRAZILIAN

PORTUGUESE

Pronouns

Brazilian

Portuguese

BRAZILIAN

PORTUGUESE

I would come ih kh vewr deh

ahn koh mehn

Ich würde ankommen iCH vyyr de

an kó men

Eu viria
You would come dou vewr deh stih

ahn koh mehn

Du würdest

ankommen

du vyyr des ti

an kó men

Você viria
He would come ehr vewr deh

ahn koh mehn

Er würde

ankommen

ér vyyr de

an kó men

Ele viria
She would come zee vewr deh

ahn koh mehn

sie würde

ankommen

zii vyyr de

an kó men

Ela viria
We would come vee uhr vewr dehn

ahn koh mehn

Wir würden

ankommen

víâr vyyr den

an kó men

Nós viriamos
You would come (plur) ih uhr vewr deht

ahn koh mehn

Ihr würdet

ankommen

íâr vyyr det

an kó men

Vocês viriam
They would come (mas) zee vewr dehn

ahn koh mehn

Sie würden

ankommen

zii vyyr den

an kó men

Eles viriam
They would come (fem) zee vewr dehn

ahn koh mehn

Sie würden

ankommen

zii vyyr den

an kó men

Elas viriam

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Verb : To help (helfen)[edit | edit source]

Pronouns

English

ENGLISH PRONUNCIATION

ENGLISH

GERMAN PRONUNCIATION

BRAZILIAN

PORTUGUESE

Pronouns

Brazilian

Portuguese

BRAZILIAN

PORTUGUESE

I would help ih kh vewr deh

hehl fehn

Ich würde

helfen

iCH vyyr de

HéL fen

Eu ajudaria
You would help dou vewr deh stih

hehl fehn

Du würdest

helfen

du vyyr des ti

HéL fen

Você ajudaria
He would help ehr vewr deh

hehl fehn

Er würde

helfen

ér vyyr de

HéL fen

Ele ajudaria
She would help zee vewr deh

hehl fehn

sie würde

helfen

zii vyyr de

HéL fen

Ela ajudaria
We would help vee uhr vewr dehn

hehl fehn

Wir würden

helfen

víâr vyyr den

HéL fen

Nós ajudariamos
You would help (plur) ih uhr vewr deht

hehl fehn

Ihr würdet

helfen

íâr vyyr det

HéL fen

Vocês ajudariam
They would help (mas) zee vewr dehn

hehl fehn

Sie würden

helfen

zii vyyr den

HéL fen

Eles ajudariam
They would help (fem) zee vewr dehn

hehl fehn

Sie würden

helfen

zii vyyr den

HéL fen

Elas ajudariam

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Verb : To let (lassen)[edit | edit source]

Pronouns

English

ENGLISH PRONUNCIATION

ENGLISH

GERMAN PRONUNCIATION

BRAZILIAN

PORTUGUESE

Pronouns

Brazilian

Portuguese

BRAZILIAN

PORTUGUESE

I would let ih kh vewr deh

lah sehn

Ich würde

lassen

iCH vyyr de

lá sen

Eu deixaria
You would let dou vewr deh stih

lah sehn

Du würdest

lassen

du vyyr des ti

lá sen

Você deixaria
He would let ehr vewr deh

lah sehn

Er würde

lassen

ér vyyr de

lá sen

Ele deixaria
She would let zee vewr deh

lah sehn

sie würde

lassen

zii vyyr de

lá sen

Ela deixaria
We would let vee uhr vewr dehn

lah sehn

Wir würden

lassen

víâr vyyr den

lá sen

Nós deixariamos
You would let (plur) ih uhr vewr deht

lah sehn

Ihr würdet

lassen

íâr vyyr det

lá sen

Vocês deixariam
They would let (mas) zee vewr dehn

lah sehn

Sie würden

lassen

zii vyyr den

lá sen

Eles deixariam
They would let (fem) zee vewr dehn

lah sehn

Sie würden

lassen

zii vyyr den

lá sen

Elas deixariam

Hi German learners!


In today's lesson we are going to learn about the Conditional Tense in the German language.

The conditional tense is called "Konjunktiv II (zwei)" in German.

It is used to talk about things that are pure hypothetical.


Note that there are two ways to form the conditional tense. The first one is a real verbal form, #the second one is perphrastic:

  • "Ich sänge" is the real verbal form: I would sing.
  • "Ich würde singen" is the periphrastic form.


There is no difference in meaning. But there can be a difference in style. The simple form belong often rather to formal speech. With some verbs though, the simple form ist quite common. You can see the most common simple forms her. The verbs "sein, werden und haben" have very common conditional forms. Notice that these forms can quite simply be derived from the past tenses of the verbs by adding umlauts: ich war becomes ich wäre and so forth.


With "spielen" and "essen", the table below shows the perphrastic form:

Conditional of "werden" plus infintive of the verb.

Conditional-tense.jpg


Notice the simple form, which can again be created by umlauting the past form. "ich spielte" becomes "ich spielte". There is just no umlaut for "ie"! This is a major problem of the simple form. If there is no legal way to umlaut the stem vowel, the form just doesn't change. With "essen" you have the past tense "ich aß". This allows an umlaut and will yield "ich äße". The form is theoretically correct and you can use is. But be warned: Unless you are Goethe or you are writing a formal essay, you will either get misunderstanding or laughter. The form is not really used. Instead, we say "Ich würde essen".


Things are never simple in German. In writing, a sentence this to many "würde" sounds clumsy. So use "würde" with care. As a rule of thumb, use the simple forms for "sein, haben, werden" and the periphrastic form for all the rest.


We are have a conditional form of the past. Take the compound past form and put the auxilliary in the conditional. "Ich habe gegessen" becomes "ich hätte gegessen", "Ich war gewesen" becomes "ich wäre gewesen". If you feel extremely confident about your German, try to figure out some passive forms: "ich bin gefragt worden" becomes "ich wäre gefragt worden" and so on.

Contributors

Vincent, Paris-babel, Sybille, Woodstock 72 and Mastavaya


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