French Language French Grammar: «Plural»

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This article explains how to use the plural in French.

In general, the French nouns form the plural by adding an '-s' to the singular:

  • un cahier / des cahiers (a notebook / notebooks)

You will find below the exceptions to this rule:

's', 'x' or 'z'[edit | edit source]

Singular nouns ending with 's', 'x' or 'z' do not change at plural:

  • le fils / les fils (the son / the sons)

'-au', '-eau' or '-eu'[edit | edit source]

Singular nouns ending with '-au', '-eau' or '-eu' ends with an '-x' at plural:

  • le feu / les feux (the fire / fires).

'-ou'[edit | edit source]

Seven singular nouns ending with '-ou' end with an '-x' at plural:

  • bijou / bijoux; caillou / cailloux; chou / choux; genou / genoux; hibou / hiboux; joujou / joujoux; pou / poux.

'-al'[edit | edit source]

Singular nouns ending with '-al' change their termination to '-aux':

  • le cheval / les chevaux.

'-ail'[edit | edit source]

Many singular nouns ending with '-ail' change this termination '-aux':

  • Travail / travaux; corail / coraux, etc.

VIDEOS[edit | edit source]

Plural of nouns in French:

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