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Measurements and Comparisons in French Grammar

In French, measurements are used to express the quantity, weight, size, and other physical attributes of objects or people. In this lesson, we will explore how to express measurements and make comparisons in French.

Expressing Measurements[edit | edit source]

Measurements in French are typically expressed using the metric system. Some of the most common units of measurement include:

  • Le mètre (meter) - used to express length or distance
  • Le kilogramme (kilogram) - used to express weight
  • Le litre (liter) - used to express volume

To express a measurement, simply use the appropriate unit of measurement followed by the number. For example:

  • La table mesure deux mètres de long. (The table is two meters long.)
  • Le sac pèse trois kilogrammes. (The bag weighs three kilograms.)
  • La bouteille contient un litre de lait. (The bottle contains one liter of milk.)

Making Comparisons[edit | edit source]

In French, comparisons are typically made using the words "plus" (more) and "moins" (less), followed by an adjective or adverb. For example:

  • Le chat est plus petit que le chien. (The cat is smaller than the dog.)
  • Elle travaille moins vite que moi. (She works less quickly than me.)

To express the idea of "the most" or "the least," use the superlative form of the adjective or adverb. For example:

  • C'est la plus belle robe que j'ai jamais vue. (It's the most beautiful dress I've ever seen.)
  • Il est le moins sportif de tous ses amis. (He's the least athletic of all his friends.)

Conclusion[edit | edit source]

Understanding how to express measurements and make comparisons in French is an important part of mastering the language. By knowing how to use units of measurement and comparison words, you can improve your French language skills and communicate more effectively with native speakers.

Table of Contents



Personal and impersonal pronouns



Numbers, measurements, time and quantifiers

Verb forms

Verb constructions

Verb and participle agreement


The subjunctive, modal verbs, exclamatives and imperatives

The infinitive


Question formation

Relative clauses


Conjunctions and other linking constructions

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