English Language English Vocabulary: Prefixes and Suffixes

From Polyglot Club WIKI

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In this lesson, you will learn how to use the prefixes and suffixes in English.

Feel free to complete/correct this lesson by editing the wiki page :).

  • A prefix appears at the beginning of a word and changes the word’s original meaning.
  • A suffix is usually attached to the end of a word to form a new word, as well as alter the way it works grammatically.

Here are the main ones and their translation in several languages.

Prefixes[edit | edit source]

English Spanish French Italian German Russian Turkish
Mis- represent/misrepresent  representar/falsificar représenter/falsifier представлять/неверно представлять
Over- time/overtime tiempo/sobre tiempo temps/heures supplémentaires время/сверхурочное время
Dis- infectant/disinfectants infectante/desinfectante Infectant/désinfectant

Suffixes[edit | edit source]

English Spanish French Italian German Russian Turkish
-Able to drink/drinkable beber/bebible boire/buvable пить/выпиваемый, предназначенный для питья
-Ful wonder/wonderful maravilla/maravilloso miracle/merveilleux чудо/чудесный
-Ness Sick/sickness enfermo/enfermedad malade/maladie больной/болезнь
-Less worth/worthless útil/inútil utile/inutile ценный/бесполезный, нестоящий

-Ive protect/protective


Vincent, Anabella537 and ExRanger

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