English Grammar: Punctuation
From Polyglot Club WIKI
In English grammar, there are many ways to punctuate sentences. I will try to go over all of them today. I will organize them based on what is used formally and what isn't.
Before that, I'll tell you what " " those marks mean, as I will use them throughout the lesson frequently. " is used to quote what someone is, will, or has said.
I'll use these when referring to examples such as "For example," take note that I say that later in the lesson.
- 1 Formal punctuation marks
- 2 Informal punctuation marks
Formal punctuation marks[edit | edit source]
The following punctuation marks can be used at the end of any sentence.
The question mark ?[edit | edit source]
? - The question mark. This is used at the end of a sentence that asks a question.
For example, "How are you?", "What are you doing today?", and "What are you wearing?"
The exclamation mark ![edit | edit source]
! - The exclamation mark, this is used to show someone being loud, or very excited.
For example, "Oh my gosh!" and "I can't believe it!"
The period or full stop .[edit | edit source]
. - The period (American English) or full stop (British English) , is used at the end of a sentence. It will always be used at the end of a sentence unless replaced by one of the punctuations shown above.
For example, "Hey." and "This is an example sentence using a full stop."
The comma ,[edit | edit source]
, - The comma is used when pausing in a sentence or when making a list of three items or more.
For example, "I need to buy eggs, bread, and cake.", "I like dogs, cats, and rabbits.", and "hmm, alright."
The apostrophe '[edit | edit source]
' - The apostrophe is used in abbreviations/contractions or to show possession of something.
For example, "don't", "won't", "Lilly's book.", "Daniel's wallet."
the semi-colon ;[edit | edit source]
The semi-colon is used to join two sentences without using the word "and"
For example: "We can go to the park to read; Mondays are pretty quiet there."
the colon :[edit | edit source]
The colon is used to introduce a list. For example, "I have three classes to attend today: art, science, and math.
The colon can also be used for emphasis. For example, "after a long trial, the judge reached a verdict: guilty."
the quotation marks “ ”[edit | edit source]
Quotations are used to show what someone said. In academic writing, quotations are used to show what someone else said and to give them credit for their work.
the hyphen -[edit | edit source]
Hyphen is used to join two words or two parts of words. For example, "this rock-hard cookie is impossible to eat"
brackets ( ) or [ ][edit | edit source]
In writing, brackets are often used to add a suppletory information within a main for further explanation.
the slash /[edit | edit source]
Slashes can be used to replace the word "per." For example, "$800/week OR a maximum speed of 100 km/h"
It can also replace the word "and." For example, "She is enrolling into the JD/MBA program at Harvard."
As seen in these examples, the slash is often used in informal contexts.
Informal punctuation marks[edit | edit source]
These sort of punctuation are only used online and very sparingly at that.
Show action **[edit | edit source]
** - To show action, if you want to show someone what you're doing or act something out you will place it inside two * symbols.
For example, *waves*, *closes tab*, *jumps*