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Czech Language Czech Vocabulary: «Greetings»

From Polyglot Club WIKI

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Greetings and Phrases for everyday life in Czech
Greetings and Phrases for everyday life in Czech
Czech-greetings.jpg


As you might know, Czech people (however rude they might appear to you when you're a tourist) actually have some courtesy among them :)

That's why we also distinguish between friends and people we respect (like employers, older family members, and greetings based on if you're older/younger than the person).

Don't worry, it might sound hard but it is actually pretty easy! :) I'd say it's quite similar to English.

Everything in italics is mostly used in spoken Czech, so please do not write it in any formal letter or so.

Hi![edit | edit source]

Ahoj! Čau! Čus! Hoj! Nazdar! - you say this to your friends or kids that are younger than you, also you say -ahoj- and -čau- to your family members. The rest is used mostly among friends.

Hello![edit | edit source]

Ahoj!

Good day![edit | edit source]

Dobrý den! - to be honest, this is the greeting you always use when you meet someone you have to respect (teacher, someone new, employer...) you use it until at about 6pm and then you change it to good evening which is translated a bit later

Good morning![edit | edit source]

Dobré ráno!

Good noon![edit | edit source]

Dobré poledne! (not used much in normal conversations but you can encounter it sometimes, mostly in older Czech language)

Good afternoon![edit | edit source]

Dobré odpoledne!

Good evening[edit | edit source]

Dobrý večer

Goodbye[edit | edit source]

Wondering how to say goodbye? With your family/friends/young kids you can use ahoj, čau, čus, hoj as explained above

Saying goodbye in respectful way

Nashledanou (it basically means -so we can see each other again-)

If you have any questions, don't hesitate to ask me :)

New information in January 07th 2019

Frases do dia a dia[edit | edit source]

Phrases for everyday life[edit | edit source]

Fráze pro každodenní život[edit | edit source]

Observation :

(PT-BR) significa Transliteração no Português Brasileiro

(EN) means Transliteration in English)

VÍTEJTE ! DOBRÉ  RÁNO
Bem vindo (PT-BR) vii tei te Bom dia (PT-BR) dobree raano
Welcome (EN) vee tay teh Good morning (EN) dobreh rah noh
JAK  SE  MÁTE ? DOBRÉ  ODPOLEDNE
Como vai ? (PT-BR) iák se maate ? Boa tarde (PT-BR) dobree  odpolôdne
How are you ? (EN)  yahk seh maah teh ? Good afternoon (EN) dobreh od poh lohd neh
MÁM  SE  DOBŘE,

A TY?

DOBRÝ  VEČER
Tudo bem,

e você ?

(PT-BR) maam se dobrje,

 a ti ? 

Boa noite (chegar) (PT-BR) dobrii vetchér
I`m fine,

and you ?

(EN) maahm seh doh brzhe,

ah tih ?

Good evening (EN) dobree veh chehr
JAK SE JMENUJETE ? DOBROU  NOC
Qual seu nome ? (PT-BR) iák se imenúiete ? Boa noite (sair) (PT-BR) dobrou nots
What`s your name? (EN) yahk seh

ihmehnouh ih  ehteh ?

Good night (EN) doh bro ou  noh ts
JMENUJI  SE ... TĚŠÍ  MĚ
Meu nome é… (PT-BR) imenuii se … Prazer em conhecer (PT-BR) tiêchi miê
My name is … (EN) ih meh nouh ee seh … Nice to meet you (EN) tyeh shih myeh
URČITĚ ! VY    ŽIJETE    ZDE  ?
Claro ! (PT-BR) urtchítie ! Você mora aqui ? (PT-BR)  vi jiiete zdê  ?
Sure ! (EN) ouhr chih tyeh ! Do you live here? (EN) vih zhee eh teh  zdeh ?
MOMENT, PROSÍM ! JSEM TU NA DOVOLENÉ
Só um minuto ! (PT-BR) momeent, prociim ! Estou aqui em

férias

(PT-BR) issém tu na

dovolonee

Just a minute  ! (EN) moh mehnt, proh sihm ! I`m here on

vacation

(EN) ihsehm tou nah

doh voh loh neeh

JSEM  PŘIPRAVEN JSEM TU STUDOVAT
To pronto (PT-BR) issém prjipravén Estou aqui

a estudar

(PT-BR) issém tu studovát
I am ready (EN) ihsehm przhih prah vehn I`m here

to study

(EN) ihsehm tou stou doh vaht
POJD´ME  NA TO UVIDÍME SE POZDĚJI
Vamos ! (PT-BR) pôid me natô Te vejo depois ! (PT-BR) uvidiime se pozdieii
Let`s go ! (EN) poyd meh nah toh See you soon ! (EN) ouh vih dih meh seh pohz dyeh ee
  HODNĚ ŠTĚSTI UVIDÍME ZÍTRA
Boa sorte ! (PT-BR) rodniê chtiêsti Te vejo amanhã (PT-BR) uvidiime  ziitra
Good luck ! (EN) rohd nyeh shtyeh stih See you Tomorrow (EN) ou vee dih meh zee trah
  KOLIKO VÁM JE LET ? MOMENT,  PROSÍM
Qual sua idade ? (PT-BR) kolíko vaam iê lêt ? Só um segundo ! (PT-BR) moment,  prossím
How old are you ? (EN) kohlihkoh vaam  yeh  leht ? Just a second ! (EN) moh mehnt,  proh sihm
  NĚKDO MLUVÍ ČESKY ? VY PRACUJETE ?
Alguém fala Tcheco ? (PT-BR) niêkdo  mluvii cheskii ? Você trabalha ? (PT-BR) vi  pratsuiete ?
Somebody speaks Czech ? (EN) nyeh kdoh mlouvee

cheh skee ?

Do you work ? (EN) vih  prah tzou yeh teh ?
  DOBŘE JE ZAKÁZÁNO
ok (PT-BR) dobrjê Proibido fumar ! (PT-BR) ie zakaazano
ok (EN) doh brzheh No smoking ! (EN) yeh zah kaah zah noh
  ANO,  NE NA SHLEDANOU !
sim, não (PT-BR) anó, nê Adéus ! (PT-BR) nas hiledanóu  !
yes, no (EN) ah noh, neh Good bye ! (EN) nahs hih leh dah noh ou
  JSEM  DVACET 

PĔT  LET

JAK SE ŘEKNE …

ČESKY ?

Tenho 25 anos (PT-BR) issêm dvatsét

pîet let

Como você fala … em Tcheco ? (PT-BR) iák se jêkne …

tcheskii ?

I`m 25 years old (EN) ihsehm dvah tzeht

pyeht leht

How can you say … in Czech ? (EN) yahk seh zheh kneh… chehskee ?
  TO  JE  OSM HODIN DNES JE HORKO
São oito horas (PT-BR)  to iê ossuum  hodín Hoje está quente ! (PT-BR)  dnes iê hôrko
(EN) toh yeh ohsoum  roh dihn Today is hot ! (EN)  dnehs  yeh  hohr koh
  TO  JE DVACET HODIN JÁ MLUVÍM TROCHU
São 20 horas (PT-BR) to iê dvátset hodín Eu falo pouco (PT-BR)  iá mluviim trôhu
(EN) toh yeh dvah tzeht   roh dihn I speak a little (EN) yah  mlouveem troh hou
  JDĚTE ROVNĚ MLUVIT POMALEJI
Vá em frente ! (PT-BR) idiête rovnie Fale mais devagar ! (PT-BR) mluvit  pomaleii
Go straight ! (EN) ih dyeh teh   rohv nyeh Speak slower ! (EN) mlou viht   pohmahleh ee
ZABOČTE DOPRAVA DOBROU CHUT´
Pra direita ! (PT-BR) zabotchte dopráva Bom apetite ! (PT-BR) dobrou rút
To the right ! (EN) zah boh chteh doh prah vah Good appetite (EN) doh broh ou houts
ZABOČTE DOLEVA ODKUD JSTE ?
Pra esquerda (PT-BR) zabotchte  dolêva De onde você é ? (PT-BR) odcúd isté ?
To the left ! (EN)  zah boh tchteh doh leh vah Where are u from ? (EN) ohd koud ihs teh ?
DĚKUJÍ KOLIK JE  HODIN  ?
Obrigado ! (PT-BR) díekuii Que horas são ? (PT-BR) colík iê hodín ?
Thank you ! (EN) dyeh kou ee What time is it ? (EN) kohlihk yeh hoh dihn ?
NENÍ  ZAČ OMLOUVÁM SE
De nada ! (PT-BR) nenii zátch Desculpa ! (PT-BR) omlouvaam se
You`re welcome ! (EN) nehnee zahch I am sorry ! (EN) ohm loh ou vaam seh
PROSÍM MLUVÍTE   ČESKY ?
Por favor ! (PT-BR) prossím Você fala Tcheco? (PT-BR) mluviite  tcheskii ?
Please  ! (EN) proh seem Do you speak Czech? (EN) mlou vih teh chehs kee?
POKUD BŮH CHCE HEZKÝ VÝLET
Se Deus quiser ! (PT-BR) pocúd  buu ritsé Boa Viagem ! (PT-BR) rezki viilet
God willing ! (EN) poh koud boo

 hih tzeh

Have a good travel ! (EN) hehz kee

 vee leht

POZOR ! SBOHEM
Cuidado! (PT-BR) pôzor Tchau  ! (PT-BR) sbórem
Be careful ! (EN) poh zohr ! Bye  ! (EN) sboh hehm
KOLIKO  TO  STOJÍ ? SBOHEM
Quanto custa ? (PT-BR) colíco to stoii   ? Tchau  ! (Resposta) (PT-BR) sbórem
How much is it ? (EN) koh lih koh  toh

stoh ee ?

Bye  ! (Answer) (EN) sboh hehm

Contributors

Vincent, Mastavaya, Alexx- -, Jirkaxyz and Milste

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