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”ذٰلِكُمْ”, ”ذٰلِكُنَّ” ,”ذٰلِكِ‎”, ”ذٰلِكَ”, ”ذٰلِكُمَا”

I've known the word "ذٰلِكَ" for a long time. It means "that", something that is far from the speaker. But I've read somewhere, that it can be inflected by pronouns like "ذٰلِكُمْ", "ذٰلِكُمَا", "ذٰلِكِ‎", "ذٰلِكُنَّ". I'm not sure what its meaning is. For example, does ذٰلِكُمَا mean something that is far from me and somehow related to the two people I'm talking to or what? Thank you for the answers.

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amat-ALLAH profile picture amat-ALLAH2 weeks ago
في اللغة العربية الحديثة يتفادى المتحدث إلحاق إسم الإشارة ذلك بالمخاطب كقولنا : ذلك الكتاب يا تلميذ وذلك الكتاب يا تلاميذ.
لكن في لغة القرآن والعربية الاصيلة فيلحق بإسم الإشارة الضمير المخاطب
كأن نقول:ذلك الكتاب يا تلميذ
ذلكما الكتاب يا تلميذان
ذلكن الكتاب يا تلميذات
ذلكم الكتاب يا تلاميذ
kamel123 profile picture kamel12310 hours ago
yes its related to who u are talking with. one person or more and female or male.
gfarnab profile picture gfarnab2 weeks ago
Mona95Mostafa profile picture Mona95Mostafa8 hours ago
In spoken Arabic language you should take into account two things:-
1- The gender: whether it’s male or female
2- Singular ( only one), Dual ( only two), or plural ( more than two).

In spoken English, there are only singular and plural

So, ”ذٰلِكُمْ”, ”ذٰلِكُنَّ” ,”ذٰلِكِ‎”, ”ذٰلِكَ”, ”ذٰلِكُمَا”
all of the above have the same meaning which is mean ”that”, but we differentiate among them according to the previous two points I mentioned, as follows:-

ذٰلِكَ :- it refers to a male + singular
ذٰلِكِ:- refers to a female + singular
ذٰلِكُمْ:- refers to males + plural
ذٰلِكُنَّ:- refers to females + plural
ذٰلِكُمَا:- refers to( 2 males) or (2 females) or (1 male and 1 female) + dual